18. Reading Skills Comprehension: Oil Spills on Sea

This passage describes oil spills effects and oil spills causes. You may recall it if oil spills on the ocean. Reading Skills get sharpened by unseen passage reading comprehension test. We provide reading comprehension exercises with answers. Go through reading comprehension passages with multiple choice questions will help you in reading comprehension questions. We provide simple comprehension passages with questions and answers which have value based questions. These unseen comprehension passages are really helpful to all. Go through this reading comprehension pdf and reading passage worksheets to learn English.

Oil Spills on Sea

 Read the passage given below carefully:

During the Gulf War, a few years back, tens of thousands of seabirds were killed due to oil spills. Do you know what makes crude oil on ocean water so deadly?

Crude oil is not used in the same state it is produced at the off-shore wells. it is converted in refineries into a wide range of products such as gasoline, kerosene, diesel, fuel oils, and petrochemical feed-stocks. Before it is refined, the oil also contains potentially fatal components.

Crude oil is made up of compounds of carbon and hydrogen called hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons may be paraffin, the oil that is used as fuel in heaters and lamps or cycloparaffins (naphthenes) or aromatic compounds in varying proportions. While crude oil found in the US is mostly paraffinic, that found along the Gulf Coast are naphthenic which contain sulphur compounds in varying amounts, a small amount of nitrogen and very little oxygen. Every variety of crude oil has nickel and vanadium in high concentration. Iron may be found in organic form due to the corrosion of pipes. Paraffin like methane and ethane are asphyxiants, substances that cause suffocation. The effects of cycloparaffins are more or Less similar to those of the paraffin but unsaturated paraffin are more noxious than the saturated ones. The sulphur present in crude oil may be toxic. The mechanism of toxic action seems to involve its breakdown to hydrogen sulphide. They will act principally on the nervous system with death resulting mainly from respiratory paralysis. Sulphur in the form of aromatic thiophenes, benzothiophenes can damage the livers and kidneys of sea animals. Sulphur compounds Like mercaptans can be very dangerous too.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage, choose the correct options from the ones given. Write the correct option In your answer sheet:

(a) Thousands of sea birds were killed due to oil spills because ____________

(1) it suffocated them                                 (ii) it was poisonous

(iii) birds couldn’t enter the sea             (iv) there was no fish to feed on

(b) The primary components of crude oil are ____________

(i) methane and ethane                            (ii) carbon and hydrogen

(iii) sulphur compounds                            (iv) naphthenes

(c) Paraffin is used _____________

(i) to make hydrocarbons                         (ii) as fuel

(iii) in refineries                                          (iv) in petrochemicals

(d) Sulphur in crude oil _____________

(i) damages nervous system                    (ii) damages the livers and kidneys

(iii) causes suffocation                              (iv) causes respiratory problems

(e) Every variety of crude oil contains _____________ in excess.

(i) sulphur         (ii) oxygen            (iii) nitrogen           (iv) nickel

(f) Asphyxiants cause death by

(i) drowning     (ii) suffocation    (iii) wounds             (iv) cancer

(g) The word ‘refined’ means _____________

(I) pure              (ii) impure            (iii) fine                     (iv) nice

Answers

(a) (1)                (b) (ii)               

(c) (ii)                (d) (i)                    

(e) (iv)               (f) (ii)            

(g) (i)

Download the above Passages in PDF (Printable)

More Comprehension Pasages:-

Passage -11 Suicide (350 Words Subjective Solved)

This suicide articles is all about suicide and depression. IT tries to spread suicide awareness by setting suicide definition and gives you suicide facts. Read about this suicide disease and work  for suicide prevention because suicide theory is nothing but a disease of depression.

Passage -12 A Dalit Man (400 Words Subjective Solved)

Passage -13  Adoption (400 Words Subjective Solved)

This adoption essay sets up a good adoption definition and tells you adoption meaning. Read theseadoption notes to know about adoption facts and adoption guidelines. There are several adoption stories about a child adoption. Read and understand adoption technology and adoption types.

Passage -14 A Page from My Diary (400 Words Objective Solved)

Passage -15 The Ozone Layer (400 Words Objective Solved)

The ozone layer depletion is on its peak. This passage is all about the ozone layer and the ozone layer restricts.

Passage -16 BPOs (400 Words Objective Solved)

This passage describes what BPO means and what BPO business is. It is all about BPO company and  BPO Call Center which gives bpo definition. So learn BPO full form and gain benefits.

Passage -17 Humour (400 Words Objective Solved)

This passage is a perfect humour definition which tells you what is being humorous. Use these lines as humour quotes and be lost in humour.

Passage -18 Oil Spills on Sea (400 Words Objective Solved)

This passage describes oil spills effects and oil spills causes. You may recall it if oil spills on the ocean.

Passage -19  Think of The Environment (400  Words Subjective Solved)

This passage is all about the Environment. It focuses on environmental pollution, environmental studies and environmental science. It can be considered an environment essay. Go through it and increase environmental awareness

Passage -20 Air Pollution (358 Words Subjective/objective Solved)

This passage is all about Air Pollution. It describes air pollution causes and air pollution effects. It is air pollution essay and can be said air pollution article because it describes air pollution causes and air pollution health effects. Find this air pollution definition and read air pollution examples.