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Paragraphs can be described as a collection of sentences. These sentences combine to express a specific idea, main point, and topic and so on a number of paragraphs are then combined to write a report, an essay, or even a book. In general, the purpose of a paragraph is to express one point, idea or opinion.
For example Students require more recreational time in order to better focus on lessons in class.
This main idea is expressed through three sections of a paragraph:
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1.Beginning: Introduce your idea.
2.Middle: Explain your Idea.
3.End: Make your point again, the transition to next, paragraph.
Here is a paragraph is taken from an essay on various strategies required for an overall improvement of student performance:
Students require more recreational time in order to better focus on lessons in class. In fact, studies have shown that students who enjoy a recess of more than 45 minutes consistently score better on tests immediately following the recess period. The clinical analysis further suggests that physical exercise greatly improves the ability to focus on academic materials. Longer periods of the recess are clearly required to allow students the best possible chances of success in their studies. Clearly, physical exercise is just one of the necessary ingredients for improving student scores on standardized tests.
There are four sentence types used to construct a paragraph:
One sentence which states your idea, point or opinion. This sentence should use a strong verb and make a bold statement.
For example, Students require more recreational time in order to better focus on lessons in class.
Note: Notice the strong verb ‘require’ which is a call to action. A weaker form of this sentence might be: I think students probably need more recreational time … This weaker form is inappropriate for a topic sentence.
Supporting sentences (notice the plural) provide explanations and support for the topic sentence (main idea) of your paragraph.
For example: In fact, studies have shown that students who enjoy a recess of more than 45 minutes consistently score better on tests immediately following the recess period. The clinical analysis further suggests that physical exercise greatly improves the ability to focus on academic materials.
Note: Supporting sentences provide evidence for your topic sentence. Supporting sentences that include facts statistics and logical reasoning are much more convincing than simple statements of opinion.
The concluding sentence restates the main idea (found in your topic sentence) and reinforces the point or opinion.
For example, Longer periods of the recess are clearly required to allow students the best possible chances of success in their studies.
Note: Concluding sentences repeat the main idea of your paragraph in different words.
The transitional sentence prepares the reader for the following paragraph.
For example: Clearly, physical exercise is just one of the necessary ingredients for improving student scores on standardized tests.
Note: Transitional sentences should help readers logically understand the connection between one of the current main idea point or opinion and the main idea of your next paragraph. In this instance. The phrase ingredients …’ prepares the reader for the next paragraph which will discuss another necessary ingredient for success.
Some Samples and Examples Are:
1.SOUTH ASIAN GAMES-2010
4.’SILENCE IS PRECIOUS’
5.My Aim in Life
6.Five Virtues I Admire most
7.My First Day at School
13.What I want to do for My Family
14.A Flight by an Aeroplane
15.Republic Day celebrations as I saw on Television
16.Pleasures of Watching a Television
18.Things I like about My English Teacher
19.Pleasures of Rainy Day
20.Preparation for the Festival I Recently Celebrated
21.My Favourite T.V. Serial
22.An Ideal Teacher
23.A Visit to a Historical Place
24.Pains and Pleasures of Being the Youngest/Eldest Child in your Family
25.What 50th Years of India’s Independence Means to Me
26.A Wedding in My Family
27. A Quarrelsome Neighbour
28.A Friendly Neighbour
29.Causes of Accidents in Indian Cities
30.Your visit to a Hill Station
31. Your Experience of an Indian Village
32.How you spent your summer vacation
33.An incident I cannot forget
34.Smoking is harmful to Health
35.My Faourite Game
36.Recess Period in School
37.The Animal I like Most
38.My Idea of a Good Friend
39.Clothes I like to wear
40.Life of a School Student
41.The Scene at a Railway Station
42.The Night before the Examination
43.An Incident I Can Never Forget
44. Travelling by a State-Owned City Bus
45.Pleasure of Morning Walk
46.Your Favourite Sport
47.The Scene in the School after the Bell Goes
48.Annual Sports Day of My School
49.The Film I Enjoyed Most
51.Disadvantages of Living in a Big City
52.Joy of Living in a Big City
53.Morning Assembly in My School
54.The Book I Enjoyed Most
55.Uses of a School Library
56.Your Experiences of a Summer Day in your City
57.An Accident that You Have Seen
58.Bad Effects of Cable T.V.
59.A Visit to a Book Fair A Book Fair
60.Need for Education for All
61.Morning Walk: A Blessing or Curse
62.The Pleasures of Reading
63.The Pleasure of Living at a Hill Station
64.Independence Day Celebration as I saw on Television
65.How you celebrated the New Year
66. Independence Day Celebrations in Your School
67.How you celebrated your birthday
68.A Day without Electricity
69.A Period without a Teacher
70.An Unwelcome Guest
71.What I want to do for My School
72.School Life as I have known
73.What I want to do for my country
74. My Experience of Travelling by the City Bus.
75.Small Family is a Happy Family
76.THE SPORTS DAY FUNCTION OF YOUR SCHOOL
77. A PRIZE GIVING CEREMONY
78. THE REPUBLIC DAY CELEBRATION IN YOUR CITY
79.WHEN I CELEBRATED MY BIRTHDAY
80. MY HOBBY
81.A STREET QUARREL
82.THE BLOOD DONATION CAMP ORGANI ED AT OURS HOOL
83. WHEN I WAS PUNISHED BY MY TEACHER
84. Einstein – A Great Visionary
85.HOW I FELT WHEN I REACHED THE EXAMINATION HALL LATE
86.MY VISIT TO A HILL STATION
87.MY FIRST VISIT TO A BIG CITY
88. HEALTH IS WEALTH
89.A QUARREL AT AN ELECTION BOOTH
90. TORRENTIAL RAINS IN MY VILLAGE
91. MY EXPERIENCE AT AN NSS CAMP
92. A SCIENCE FAIR
95.The Snake and the Mirror
96.Antics of Bruno