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Wind Class 9 Literary Devices
By- Subramanian Bharati
Personification is a literary device in which the poet associates human attributes with some abstract idea or an inanimate object or a natural phenomenon.
- You tore the pages of the books
Here the pronoun ‘you’ refers to the wind, an element of nature. The wind is addressed as if it were a person.
- He makes strong fires roar and flourishes
The possessive pronoun ‘he’ has been used to refer to the wind god who is presented as a man with tremendous power and force that can be both destructive and productive.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that it is not literally true but helps explain an idea or make a comparison.
- You’re very clever at poking fun at weaklings
Here the wind has been presented as a very clever and powerful being who terrifies and laughs at the weak and helpless.
- You tore the pages of the books
Here the action of the wind has been described as a mischievous act of a naughty child, who makes a mess of everything in his/her playful but destructive way.
Anaphora is a poetic device in which a word or group of words is used repeatedly to create a special effect or to emphasise something.
- Don’ t break the shutters of the windows.
Don’t scatter the papers.
Don’t throw down the books on the shelf.
Here the imperative structure beginning with ‘Don’t’ is repeated at the beginning of three consecutive lines showing the speaker’s strong appeal to the wind not to do certain things.
- Frail crumbling houses, crumbling doors, crumbling rafters, crumbling wood, crumbling bodies, crumbling lives, crumbling hearts
Here the word ‘crumbling’ is repeated a number of times to show the extent of damage caused by a stormy wind.
Apart from being one of the powerful natural forces, wind can also symbolise the adversities and challenges of life that have the potential of causing a lot of destruction, loss of life and property and the consequent pain.
There are other important symbols that the poet has used in the poem. For example, the symbols of ‘weak fires’ and ‘strong fires’ respectively represent people with little or no courage and people who have strong will and tenacity.
Another symbol that the poet has used is that of wind as a winnower i.e. someone who sorts things. Winnowing is one of the functions of wind. The wind strikes everybody and everything that comes it is way and destroys whatever or whoever is weak.
Some other symbols that have been used in the poem are – Wind as a naughty child who likes to create mischief and ruffles things up for fun and Wind as a powerful jester who looks down upon weaklings.
Class 9 Poem wind Theme
The poem depicts the utterly enormous power of wind in the world and how it has the potential of being both a destroyer and a creator. The weak and fragile cannot withstand its fury, while the strong can use it to their advantage. The same is true of the adversities of life -those who are weak easily break down and those who are strong take them in their stride and come out stronger. Therefore, our attitude to life and its trials and tribulations determines our response to them.
Class 9 Poem wind Theme (2) :
The poem inspires us to face the challenges and hardships with courage, grit and firm determination. The wind destroys the weak things in its path. When troubles come in life the weak people are affected more. If the structures in the path of the wind are weak, then the wind will destroy them. This shows that when troubles come in life, the weak are more affected. So the poet asks the readers to become strong so that they can solve their problems.
Class 9 Poem Wind Title
The word ‘Wind’ without the definite article ‘the’ refers only to the natural phenomenon called Wind that can be both good and evil, constructive and destructive, depending on the circumstances and the attitude of people. There are at least four different facets of Wind as presented in the poem – a naughty child, a raging, destructive youth, a very helpful friend and a powerful god. The one-word title presents the persona of the natural force called Wind, who has enjoyed the status of a god in many cultures, including the Tamil culture and mythology. Thus, the title is very appropriate.
Introduction of the lesson- Wind
In this poem, the poet describes the action of the wind It breaks the shutters of the windows, throws down the books on the shelf and demolishes frail houses. But it has no effect on strong houses. It blows out weak fires. But it makes strong fires roar. The poet conveys the idea that nobody cares for the weak. The poet advises the weak ones to make themselves strong.
( इस कविता में ,कवि हवा के काम का वर्णन करता है । यह खिड़कियों के शीशे तोड़ देती है, शेल्फ पर से पुस्तकें नीचे फैंक देती है और कमजोर मकानों को गिरा देती है । मगर इनका मजबूत मकानों पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं होता । यह कमजोर आग को बुझा देती है । मगर यह तेज आग को और प्रचंड बना देती है । कवि यह विचार व्यक्त करता है कि कमजोर लोगों की कोई परवाह नहीं करता । कवि कमजोर लोगों को सलाह देता है कि वे स्वयं को मजबूत बनाएं । )
Introduction of the lesson (2) – Wind
The poem “Wind” describes the power of the wind on nature and human life. It focuses on the violent aspect of wind that causes destruction. The fierce wind is also seen by the poet as a symbol of adversities in life. It ends with a suggestion that if we remain strong, we can overcome any obstacles. Written originally in Tamil by Subramania Bharati and translated by A. K. Ramanujan, this poem is an example of modem poetry written in free verse with unequal and unrhyming lines.