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A Truly Beautiful Mind Extract Based Questions
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow in one or two lines each.
At the age of two-and-a-half, Einstein still wasn’t talking. When he finally did learn to speak, he uttered everything twice. Einstein did not know what to do with other children, and his playmates called him “Brother Boring”.
(a) Why does the writer point out that Einstein wasn’t talking till the age of two-and-a-half?
The writer points out that Einstein wasn’t talking till the age of two-and-a-half to clarify that outwardly his growth parameters were slower as compared to other children of his age.
(b) How did Einstein speak when he finally started talking?
When Einstein finally started talking, he used to utter everything twice. This indicated that his speech pattern was unlike what is usually found in young children.
(c) Why was Einstein called “Brother Boring” by his playmates?
Einstein’s playmates called him “Brother Boring” because he was shy, slow, introvert and did not know the art of interacting with others.
(d) Which other word has been used for ‘speak’ in this extract?
The other word used for ‘speak’ is ‘utter’.Einstein hated the school’s regimentation and often clashed with his teachers. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled there that he left the school for good.
(a) What did Einstein hate about his school in Munich?
Einstein hated the strict military-like regimentation in his school in Munich. It suppressed his, inquisitive mind.
(b) Why did Einstein clash with his teachers?
The strict regimentation in the school demanded complete surrender before the teachers. But Einstein had a curious mind and he would not accept things unquestioningly. Hence he often clashed with his teachers.
(c) When did Einstein leave his school in Munich and why?
Einstein left his school in Munich when he was fifteen years of age. He left because he felt completely suffocated by the rigid atmosphere there.
(d) Where did Einstein go after leaving his school in Munich?
Einstein went to the German-speaking part of Switzerland, in a more liberal city than Munich. He worked as a teaching assistant, gave private lessons and finally secured a job in 1902 as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern. While he was supposed to be assessing other people’s inventions, Einstein was actually developing his own ideas in secret.
(a) What did Einstein do before securing a job?
Before securing a job, Einstein gave private lessons and worked as a teaching assistant.
(b) When did Einstein secure a job? What was the nature of this job?
Einstein secured a job in 1902. This job was in a patent office and Einstein worked here as a technical assistant. In this job, he was supposed to give appraisal and assessment of the inventions of other people.
(c) Why did Einstein develop his ideas in secret?
Einstein had secured a job for monetary stability. Actually, his sole passion was science. So he developed his ideas in secret while his job required him to assess the inventions of other people.
(d) Which word in the passage means the same as ‘evaluating’?
In the passage the word ‘assessing means the same as ‘evaluating’.From this followed the world’s most famous formula which describes the relationship between mass and energy.
(a) What does ‘this’ refer to?
This refers to Einstein’s Specific Theory of Relativity, according to which time and distance are not absolute.
(b) Which formula was framed from Einstein’s theory of relativity?
The formula that was framed from Einstein’s theory of relativity is E=mc2,
(c) What is described by this formula?
The relationship between mass and energy is described by this formula. In this formula, ‘E’ stands for energy, ‘m’ for mass and ‘c’ for the speed of light in a vacuum.
(d) How did this formula establish Einstein as a scientific genius?
This formula, having been proved to be accurate, had become the most famous formula of the world and therefore, Einstein’s reputation as a scientific genius was established. Many of them had fled from Fascism, just as Einstein had, and now they were afraid the Nazis could build and use an atomic bomb.
(a) Who does ‘they’ refer to in the above lines?
In the above lines ‘they’ refers to the American Physicists who had escaped from dictatorship in their parent countries.
(b) When and where had they all fled to?
They all had fled to America when the Nazis came to power in Germany.
(c) Why did they have to flee their country?
They had to flee their country because they feared suppression of their liberal ideas by the dictatorial Nazis.
(d) What were they afraid of and why?
They were afraid that the discovery of nuclear fission could be developed by Germany to build and use an atomic bomb. If t happened, the Nazis would misuse it to cause massive destruction and gain supremacy over the entire world. Einstein was deeply shaken by the extent of the destruction. This time he wrote a public missive to the United Nations.
(a) Which destruction is referred to here?
The destruction referred to here is the massive damage caused by the atom bombs dropped in the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 by America.
(b) What was the impact of this destruction on Einstein?
The large-scale devastation caused by the dropping of atom bombs in Japan by America shook deeply the peace-loving Einstein.
(c) What is a ‘missive’?
A missive is a long, official, public letter, like the one written by Einstein to the United Nations.
(d) What did Einstein write in the missive to the United Nations?
Einstein proposed the formation of a world government, to counter the destruction of acts like the use of atom bombs, in the missive that he wrote to the United Nations. Unlike the letter to Roosevelt, this one made no impact. But over the next decade, Einstein got ever more involved in politics – agitating for an end to the arms buildup and using his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy.
(a) Who was Roosevelt?
Roosevelt was the president of America during the Second World War.
(b) Who had written a letter to Roosevelt and why?
Einstein had written a letter to President Roosevelt to warn him against the atom bomb that Germany could make on the principle of nuclear fission.
(c) Which letter did not make any impact?
The letter written by Einstein to the United Nations after the atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki did not make any impact. In this letter, Einstein had proposed the formation of a world government to counter destructive acts like the use of atom bombs.
(d) Why did Einstein get more involved in politics?
Einstein got more involved in politics because he was a supporter of world peace and harmony. Through politics, he launched an agitation to end arms buildup and campaigned for peace and democracy.