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A TRULY BEAUTIFUL MIND
IMPORTANT PASSAGES FOR COMPREHENSION
Read the following passages and answer the questions given at the end of each :
Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879) in the German city of Ulm, without any indication that he was destined for greatness. On the contrary, his mother thought Albert was a freak. To her, his head seemed much too large.
At the age of two-and-a-half, Einstein still wasn’t talking. When he finally did learn to speak, he uttered everything twice. Einstein did not know what to do with other children, and his playmates called him “Brother Boring.” So the youngster played by himself much of the time. He especially loved mechanical toys. Looking at his newborn sister, Maja, he is said to have said: “Fine, but where are her wheels?
(i) When was Albert Einstein born?
(ii) Where was Albert Einstein born?
(iii) What problem did arise in Einstein in his childhood?
(iv) What did Einstein love in his childhood?
(v) Who was Maja?
(i) Einstein was born on March 14, 1879.
(ii) Einstein was born in the German city of Ulm.
(iii) He uttered every word twice.
(iv) In his childhood, he loved Mechanical toys.
(v) Maja was Einstein’s younger sister.
The previous year, Albert’s parents had moved to Milan, and left their son with relatives. After prolonged discussion, Einstein got his wish to continue his education in German-speaking Switzerland, in a city which was more liberal than Munich.
Einstein was highly gifted in mathematics and interested in physics, and after finishing school, he decided to study at a university in Zurich. But science wasn’t the only thing that appealed to the dashing young man with the walrus moustache.
(i) From which place they had moved to Milan?
(ii) About what thing did prolonged discussion take place?
(iii) Where did Einstein want to study?
(iv) Why did he not want to study in Munich?
(v) Which two subjects were Einstein’s favourite?
(i) They had moved to Milan from Munich.
(ii) The prolonged discussion took place about where Einstein should study
(iii) He wanted to study in Switzerland.
(iv) the lie did not want to study in Munich because the atmosphere in Munich was very much stifled. (v) His two favourite subjects were mathematics and physics.
Einstein’s new personal chapter coincided with his rise to world fame. In 1915, he had published his General Theory of Relativity, which provided a new interpretation of gravity. An eclipse of the sun in 1919 brought proof that it was accurate. Einstein had correctly calculated in advance the extent to Which the light from fixed stars would be deflected through the sun’s gravitational field. The newspapers proclaimed his work as “a scientific revolution.”
Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. He was showered with honours and invitations from all over the world and lauded by the press.
(i) What did he publish in 1915?
(ii) What did the theory publish in 1915 interpret?
(iii) When was Einstein given Nobel Prize and in what field?
(iv) Why was he showered With honours and invitations all over the world?
(v) Find a word from the passage which means ‘declared’.
(i) In 1915, he published his General Theory of Relativity.
(ii) This theory gave a new interpretation of gravity.
(iii) the lie was given the Nobel Prize in 1919 for working in the field of Physics.
(iv) For winning Nobel Prize.
At the urging of a colleague, Einstein wrote a letter to the American president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. on August 2, 1939, in which he warned: “A single bomb of this type……. exploded in destroy the whole port together with some of the surrounding territory ” His words did not fail to have an effect. The Americans developed the atomic bomb in a secret project of their own, Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.
(i) Name the lesson from which this passage has been taken.
(ii) What was Franklin D. Roosevelt?
(iii) About what did he write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt?
(iv) What did America develop?
(v) When did America drop atom bombs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
(i) ‘A Truly Beautiful Mind’,
(ii) The President of the United State at the time of the Second World War in 1939.
iii) About the dangers of the atom bomb.
(iv) They’ developed atom bombs.
(v) In August 1945.
Einstein was deeply shaken by the extent of the destruction. This time he wrote a public missive to the inked Nations. In it he proposed the formation of a world government. Unlike the letter to Roosevelt. this me made no impact. But over the next decade, Einstein got ever more involved in politics-agitating toran and to the arms buildup and using his popularity to campaign for peace and democracy.
When Einstein died in 1955 at the age 76, he was celebrated as visionary and world citizen as much as scientific genius.
(i)What was Einstein deeply shaken by?
(ii) What did he propose in his letter to the United Nations?
(iii) For what purpose did he get more involved in politics?
(iv) When did Albert Einstein die?
(v) how was Albert Einstein celebrated after his death?
(i) Einstein was deeply shaken by the great destruction caused by atom bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
(ii) The formation of a world government.
(iii) l le got more involved in the politics for the end of arms and the development of peace and democracy.
(iv) He died in 1955 at the age of 76 years.
(v) He was celebrated as a visionary and a world citizen.
In 1900, at the age of 21, Albert Einstein was a university graduate and unemployed. He worked as a teaching assistant, gave private lessons and finally secured a job in 1902 as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern. While he was supposed to be assessing other people’s inventions, Einstein was actually developing his own ideas in secret. Ile is said to have jokingly called his desk drawer at work the “Bureau of theoretical physics.
When did Einstein pass his graduation?
2. What job did he get in 1902?
3. What was supposed to be his duty?
4. What did he call his desk-drawer?
5. Name the chapter from which this passage has been taken.
One of the famous papers of 1905’was Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, according to which time and distance are not absolute. Indeed, two perfectly accurate clocks will not continue to show the same time if they come together again after a journey if one to them has been moving very fast relative to the other. From this followed the world’s most famous formula which describes the relationship between mass the energy.
1. What paper did he publish in 1905?
2. What did this theory reveal?
3. What formula follow this theory?
4. Find a word from the passage which means ‘correct’.
5. Name the chapter.
But Albert Einstein was not a bad pupil. He went to a high school in Munich, where Einstein’s family had moved when he was 15 months old, and scored good marks in almost every subject. Einstein hated the school’s regimentation and often clashed with his teachers. At the age of 15, Einstein felt so stifled there that he left the school for good.
1. How can you say that Albert was not a bad pupil?
2. Which school did he go to?
3. Since when had his family been living in Munich ‘?
4. What did Albert hate about his school?
5. Who did he often clash with ‘?
6. What did he do when he was fifteen?
7. Why did he leave the school that was in Munich?
8.Which word in the passage means ‘extremely strict discipline’?
1. He was not a bad pupil because he scored good marks in almost every subject.
2. He went to a high school in Munich.
3. They had been there since Albert was 15 months old.
4. He hated the school’s regimentation.
5. He often clashed with his teachers.
6. Ile left his school in Munich for good.
7. He did not like the school s regimentation.
8.regimentation = extremely strict discipline.
While Einstein was solving the most difficult problems in physics, his private life was unravelling. Albert had wanted to marry Mileva right after finishing his studies, but his mother was against it. She thought Mileva, who was three years older than her son, was too old for him. She was also bothered by Mileva’s intelligence. “She is a book like you,” his mother said. Einstein put the wedding off.
1. What problems was Einstein solving?
2. Who did he want to marry?
3. What plan did he have of his marriage?
4. Who opposed Einstein’s marrying Mileva? Why?
5. What did Einstein’s mother think about Mileva?
6. What did Einstein’s mother think about Mileva’s intelligence?
7. What did Einstein’s mother compare Mileva with?
8. Why did Einstein have to put off his wedding?
(Page 49) The pair finally married in January 1903 and had two sons. But a few years later, the marriage faltered. Mileva, meanwhile, was losing her intellectual ambition and becoming an unhappy housewife. After years of constant fighting, the couple finally divorced in 1919. Einstein married his cousin Elsa the same year.
1. What pair has been referred to in these lines?
2. When did they marry?
3. Did they have any children?
4. Who was Mileva? What was she losing?
5. When did the couple divorce and why?
6. Who was Elsa?
7. When did she marry Einstein?
8. Find in the passage a word that means ‘lost strength or became unsteady’?
(Page 49) When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Einstein emigrated to the United States. Five years later, the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin had American physicists in an uproar. Many of them had fled from Fascism, just as Einstein had, and now they were afraid the Nazis could build and use an atomic bomb.
1. When did the Nazis come in power in Germany?
2. What did Einstein do when the Nazis came in power?
3. What disturbing thing had happened in Berlin?
4. How did the American physicists feel about it?
5. Where had many of the American physicists come from and why?
6. What did they fear the Nazis could do?
7. Find in the passage words that mean—
(a) left his country to live in another country.
(b) The splitting of an atom, resulting in the release of tremendous energy.
1. They came in power in 1933.
2. He emigrated to the United States.
3. The Nazis had discovered nuclear fission.
4. They were terribly upset.
5. They had fled from Germany because they were afraid of the Nazis.
6. They feared the Nazis could make an atom bomb and use it.
7. (a) emigrated = left his country to live in another country. (b) fission = the splitting of an atom. resulting in the release of tremendous energy.