Mahatma Gandhi’s Success
Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow them:
As a young man, he was greatly impressed by Mahatma Gandhi’s success in the political field and the power of ahimsa. Martin Luther King decided to follow the path of non-violence and get millions of Blacks their due. He felt that the Blacks had immensely contributed towards the building of America, and there was no reason why they should not be treated with respect. King drew national attention in 1956. Since the Blacks were not permitted to sit in the same buses as the Whites, he led a boycott of public buses in Montgomery. A year later, after many arrests and threats, the US Supreme Court gave a ruling that racial segregation of public transport was unlawful. This victory taught Blacks the power of non-violence. After 1957, King began visiting various places to deliver lectures. Soon he became a powerful orator, drawing the attention of people the world over.
King continued the fight, a peaceful fight, demanding the rights of the Blacks. In 1964, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1967, King led many peaceful demonstrations against the Vietnam War and in 1968 he declared a Poor People’s Campaign. On April 4, of that every year, while planning a demonstration of striking sanitation workers, he was shot dead by an assassin.
1.Which two qualities of Mahatma Gandhi greatly impressed Martin Luther King at his young age?
2. What did he decide to do then?
3. Why did he want to fight for the rights of Blacks in America?
4. in which year did King draw national attention?
5. Why did King lead a boycott of public buses?
6. Was he successful in his attempt?
7. How did he draw the attention of the whole world?
8. When was he awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
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