Read the passage and answer the following questions:-
Positive thinking is a mental and emotional attitude that focuses on the bright side of life and expects positive results. A positive person anticipates happiness, health and success, and believes he or she can overcome any obstacle and difficulty.
Positive thinking is not accepted by everyone. Some consider it as nonsense and scoff at people who follow it, but there is a growing number of people, who accept positive thinking as a fact and believe in its effectiveness. It seems that this subject is gaining popularity, as evidenced by the many books, lectures and courses about it. To use it in your life, you need more than just to be aware of its existence. You need to adopt the attitude of positive thinking in everything you do. With a positive attitude, we experience pleasant and happy feelings. This brings brightness to the eyes, more energy, and happiness. Our whole being broadcasts goodwill, happiness and success. Even our health is affected in a beneficial way. We walk tall, our voice is more powerful, and our body language shows the way we feel.
Positive and negative thinking is contagious. We affect and are affected by the people we meet, in one way or another. This happens instinctively and at a subconscious level, through words, thoughts and feelings, and through body language. Is it any wonder that we want to be around positive people, and prefer to avoid negative ones?
People are more disposed to help us if we are positive, and they dislike and avoid anyone broadcasting negativity. Negative thoughts, words and attitude, create negative and unhappy feelings, moods and behaviour. When the mind is negative, poisons are released into the blood, which causes more unhappiness and negativity. This is the way to failure, frustration and disappointment.
In order to turn the mind towards the positive, some inner work is required, since attitude and thoughts do not change overnight. The power of your thoughts is a mighty power that is always shaping your life. This shaping is usually done subconsciously, but it is possible to make the process a conscious one.
1.On the basis of your reading of the above passage answer the following, questions
(a) What is the definition of ‘Positive Thinking’?
(b) What are the two views of people regarding positive thinking?
(c) “Positive and negative thinking is contagious”. Explain.
(d) Which are the chief disadvantages of negative thinking?
2. Answer the following questions by selecting the correct options:
(a) What is meant by the word, ‘anticipates’? (Para 1)
(i) suspects (ii) predicts (iii) doubts (iv) confirms
(b) What is meant by the word, ‘scoff’? (Para 2)
(i) sneer (ii) attack (iii) praise (iv) encourage
(c) What is the antonym of the word ‘contagious’? (Para 3)
(i) transmittable (ii) infectious (iii) spreadable (iv) non-communicable
(d) What is the synonym of the word, ‘disposed of’? (Para 4)
(i) prepared (ii) motivated (iii) changed (iv) thrived
1.(a) Positive thinking is a mental and emotional attitude that focuses on the bright side of life and expects positive results.
(b) One is that a positive person anticipates happiness, health and success and second is that he or she can overcome any obstacle and difficulty.
(c) Positive and negative thinking is contagious as we affect and are affected by the people we meet through words, thoughts and feelings or through body language.
(d) Negative thinking creates unhappy feelings, moods and behaviour which leads to failure, frustration and disappointment.
2.(a) (ii) predicts; (b) (i) sneer; (c) (iii) spreadable; (d) (ii) motivated
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