Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow them:
1. The film industry is facing the challenge of the television screen which, because of its ready availability and nearness to entertainment seekers, is becoming very popular, particularly in the West where television programmes are as indispensable to people as newspaper material. Sustained entertainment for multitudes lasting two or three hours is possible only in big cinema halls. Scenic beauty, background effects and colour techniques which have made the products of cinema industry so attractive and delightful may not be reproduced by television programme organisers, and therefore, this important invention in the field of wireless communication, in spite of having become a big rival of the cinema, may not succeed in replacing it.
2. The motion picture has also stepped into the international sphere as an agent of goodwill and co-operation among nations. Cultural contacts which tend to reduce tension in the world and bring harmony in international relations have been established through the medium of films. The more people understand and appreciate the past history, present aims, customs, habits and beliefs of men and women in foreign lands, the more will they realise that their interests can best be served by establishing friendly relations with them and by removing those irritants which breed distrust, lack of co-operation and the desire to punish those whose views and attitudes are such as they do not like. As cultural agents movies can cement ties of love and brotherhood among nations and teach them to confer on each other the benefits of all the rich and glorious achievements of the present enlightened age. In recent years, artists of the film world have been visiting foreign lands with a view to presenting before an audience in those countries the best products of their cultural heritage. Film festivals which many European and Asian countries have been organising from time to time have also proved to be of immense value in reducing social barriers, colour prejudices and other causes of friction between nations.
Word-Meaning: Indispensable—absolutely necessary, Sustained—continued for long, Multitudes—crowds, Harmony—concord, Irritants—things which annoy or irritate, Breed—produce, Ties—relations, Heritage–inheritance, Immense–huge, Barriers—hurdles, Friction—conflict, Prejudices—baseless opinions,
Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read.
1. Name the source from which the film industry is facing the challenge.
2. Why has TV become very popular?
3. Name three things that can’t be reproduced by the television programmeorganisers?
4. How do films become agents of goodwill and cooperation among nations?
5. What brings harmony and reduces international tension?
6. What do ‘irritants’ breed among nations?
7. What can movies teach the nations to confer on each other?
8. How have film festivals proved to be of immense value?
9. Which word in paragraph 2 means ‘inheritance’?
1. The film industry is facing the challenge of the television screen these days.
2. The television has become very popular due to its ready availability and nearness to the entertainment seekers.
3. Scenic beauty, background effects and colour techniques which make cinema so attractive, can’t be reproduced by television programme organisers.
4. Films have become agents of goodwill and cooperation among nations as they cement cultural contacts among them.
5. Cultural contacts among nations bring harmony and reduce tension among them.
6. Irritants only breed mistrust, lack of cooperation, and conflicts among the nations.
7. Movies can teach them to confer on each other the benefits of all the rich and glorious achievements of the age.
8. Film festivals have proved to be of immense value in reducing social barriers, colour prejudices, and frictions among nations.