Read the following passage and answer the following questions:-
Acupuncture is a system of treatment of diseases which has been practised in China for nearly 5000 years. It consists of the rapid insertion of fine steel needles, about 6 centimetres long, on particular spots on the body of the patient. After inserting the needle, the doctor twirls the needle between his thumb and forefinger. There are hundreds of acupuncture points on the body. When a puncture is made on a spot on the body, energy flows from there along lines, known as meridians, to the diseased organs. This flow of energy helps to restore the balance of the system and thus corrects the disorder. The points of treatment may be far from the seat of the disease. For example, to cure a toothache, the acupuncturist may insert a needle on the palm of the patient.
Although China is considered to be the country where acupuncture originated, some forms of treatment resembling it have been reported from other parts of the world by anthropologists. Among some ancient tribes, stones and arrows were used to prick the skin. In another form of treatment, the skin on particular spots of the body was burnt to effect a cure for certain diseases. Whether these kinds of treatment can rightly be classified under acupuncture can be known only after further research.
For long, acupuncture was dismissed by the west as a form of superstition like witchcraft and magic cure. Even in China, admiration for the western system of medicine was so great that the native systems of treatment were neglected or mistrusted. Moreover, the theoretical basis for acupuncture that was propounded in China was a mixture of spirituality, philosophy, and physiology. This stood in the way of its acceptance by Chinese scientists.
During the 1960’s, acupuncture came to the notice of western scientists who viewed it with scepticism as well as curiosity. Doctors from Europe went to China to make a first-hand study of this strange form of treatment. They were convinced when they saw that acupuncture worked.
Even operations were performed after administering anaesthesia by acupuncture. The patient of such an operation could see and know what was being done but felt no pain.
(a) What is acupuncture? How old is it?
(b) How many acupuncture points are there on a body?
(c) What happens when a puncture is made on a spot on the body?
(d) How is it useful to cure a toothache?
(e) Why was acupuncture not admired in China earlier?
(f) How did the western scientists view it?
(g) How was it useful in the operations?
(h) Find the word for ‘put forward/advocated’ from the passage. (Para 3)
(a) Acupuncture is a system of treatment of diseases which has been practised in China. It is nearly 5000 years old.
(b) There are hundreds of acupuncture points on the body.
(c) When a puncture is made on a spot on the body, energy flows from there along lines known as meridians, to the diseased organs.
(d) To cure a toothache, the acupuncturist may insert a needle on the palm of the patient.
(e) Acupuncture was neglected or mistrusted as there was a great admiration for the western system of medicine.
(f) Western scientists viewed it with scepticism as well as curiosity.
(g) It was useful as after administering anaesthesia the patient could see and know what was being done without feeling any pain. (It) ‘Propounded’
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