90. Reading Skills Comprehension: Transmission

By | February 7, 2020

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Transmission

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow:                                  

1. People all over the world wash their hands with water. Using soap adds to the time spent in washing, breaks down the grease and dirt that carry most germs by facilitating the rubbing and friction that dislodge them and leave hand smelling pleasant. Good hand washing techniques include washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based sanitizer. It has been reported that washing with soap is one of the most effective ways to prevent diarrhoeal diseases. It is also the cheapest way.

2. In addition, hand washing with soap can limit the transmission of respiratory disease, a killer of children under five. More handwashing with soap would make a significant contribution to meeting the millennium development goal of reducing death among children under the age of five by two thirds by 2015.

3. Hand washing with soap is among the most effective and inexpensive ways to prevent diarrheal diseases and pneumonia, which together are responsible for the majority of child deaths. Every year, more than 3.5 million children do not live to celebrate their fifth birthday because of diarrhoea and pneumonia. Yet, despite its lifesaving potential about handwashing with soap is seldom practised and is not always easy to promote. On the other hand, lack of education about handwashing with soap not only increases the risk of diseases among children/people but also increases the number of deaths which is occurring because of less knowledge about hand washing.

4. Acute respiratory infections like pneumonia are the leading causes of child death. Evidence suggests that better hygiene practices like washing hands with soap after defecation and after eating could cut the infection by about 25 pe rcent. It seems pretty simple a step to make such a big change in the lives of the people. The best time to get accustomed to this habit is during childhood.

1.Attempt any eight of the following questions on the basis of the passage you have read:

(i) Why do people prefer to wash hands with soaps?

(ii) What is the greatest advantage of washing hands with soap?

 (iii) How can wash hands with soap control child death?

(iv) Why is the promotion of handwashing with soap difficult?

(v) What are the leading causes of child death?

(vi) How can the risk of diseases and deaths among children be reduced?

(vii) Which is the best time to inculcate this habit?

 (viii) What kind of disease is pneumonia?

 (ix) Find the word in para 1 which means the same as ’cause to pass on from one place or thing to another’.

 Answers

(i)Because they break down the grease and dirt carrying most germs.

(ii) It leaves hands smelling pleasant.

(iii) Washing hands with soaps can prevent diarrhoeal diseases. It can also limit the transmission of a respiratory disease which is a killer of children under five.

(iv) Because people have no idea about the benefits of hand washing with soaps.

 (v) Diarrhoea and pneumonia are the leading causes of child death.

(vi) Washing hands with soaps after defecation and eating can reduce the risk of diseases and deaths among children.

(vii) Childhood is the best time to inculcate this habit.

 (viii) Pneumonia is kind of acute respiratory infections.

(ix) Transmission

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