39. Reading Skills Comprehension: State of Orissa

State of Orissa

Read the passage given below carefully:                                                                                        

Situated in the state of Orissa in the eastern part of India, Chilka is Asia’s largest tidal lagoon. It t extends from Bhusandpur in Puri district in the north to Rambha-Maludi in Ganja district in the south, a distance of 72 km. The lagoon has a catchment area of 3,000 sq. km. The water spread ranges from 1,165 sq. kin. In the rainy season to 906 sq. km. in the dry season.

 In many Indian languages, large birds of prey are called chits. Since in the area surrounding the lagoon, birds of this type are particularly abundant, the lagoon came to be known as chilka.

The Chilka lagoon is quite young, by geological standards. It was formed only 5000 to 6000 years ago. Huen Tsang, the famous traveller from China has recorded as recently as in 639 A.D that this lagoon was not fully separate from the Bay of Bengal. Due to the interaction of north-flowing ocean current and the flow of the Mahanadi river, a sand bar 30 km. long and 1.5 km. wide gradually got built up and separated the lagoon from the sea, except for a small online at Magar Mukh.

 Buddhist literature reveals that Chilka once had thriving ports which served as important stopovers for ships plying on the east coast of India.

There are 52 rivers that discharge about 375000 cusec of flood water which pushes out the same volume of saline water from the lagoon into the Bay of Bengal. Because of this, the Lagoon turns into a sweet water ecosystem froth July to December.

1. On the basis of your reading above passage, make notes on it in points only, using headings and sub-headings. Also use recognizable abbreviations, wherever necessary. Supply a suitable title.

2. Write a summary of the above passage in about 50 words.

Ans:-    Chilka Lagoon

  1. Location of Chilka Lagoon — Asia’s largest lagoon

 (a) from Bhuva to Puri

 (b) up to Rambha – Maludi in South

(c) total length — 72 km.

 (d) Catchment area — 3,000 sq. km.

2. Water Spread

(a) 1165 sq. km. in the rainy season

(b) 906 sq. km. in the dry season.

3. Age of lagoon

 (a) young — 5,000 to 6000 yrs.

(b) in 639 A.D. — not separate from the Bay of Bengal.

(c) Sand bar separated it

 (d) only a small opening at Magar Mukh

4. Name & Fame

 (a) Name — from Chilka — a prey bird

 (b) fame — a stop for ships.

5. Special Features.

(a) water discharged by 52 rivers

(b) amount of water discharged — 375000 cusec.

 (c) saline water pushed out

(d) sweet water ecosystem — July to Dec.

Abbreviations used
   1. Sq. km.      –   Square Kilometres

   2. Yrs.             –   Years

   4. Dec.            –   December

 2. Summary:

Chilka Lagoon is Asia’s largest lagoon. It was named after the birds of prey called Chil which are abundant here. Its total length is about 72 km. and catchment area is 3000 sq. km. The lagoon’s area is about 1165 sq. km. in the rainy season whereas it is only 906 sq. km. in the dry season. The lagoon is quite young. It receives water from about 52 rivers which push out a big amount of Saline water thereby making it sweet water ecosystem.

Download the above Passage in PDF (Printable)

More Comprehension Passages:-

Passage 21-PAPAYA (272 words Objective Solved)

This passage describes papaya nutrition including papaya benefits as well as papaya calories. Not only papaya tree but even papaya leaf and papaya colour are also discussed here. So enjoy papaya fruit after learning papaya health benefits. Read about papaya nutrition facts and papaya nutritional value and have papaya fun

Passage 22-No Fizz in Coke (206 Words Subjective Solved)

Passage 23-Don’t Shuffle Them (220 words Subjective  Solved)

Passage 24-Are You Being Bullied(232words Subjective  Solved)

This passage describes how are you being bullied at work and what to do if you are being bullied at work.

Passage 25- Prafulla Chandra Ray (250 Words Objective Unsolved)

Passage 26- Communication (250 Words Objective Unsolved)

This communication essay describes communication concept and sets up a fine communication definitionand tells about communication importanceand gives your communication knowledge. Read and know communication meaningas well ascommunication modes. Communication process is not simple. Read this paragraph based on communication researchand understand communication systemand be perfect incommunication managementand avoid communication disorders.

Passage 27 -Education (300 Words Objective Unsolved)

This education article can also be used as education essay which focuses on education background giving a perfect education definition because education for all is so essential. It also tells about education for girls and education importance is another concern of this passage.Education in India is flourishing these days. Read this education paragraph which focuses on education system in India. You can also use it as education speech.

Passage 28- Growing up with Kites (250 Words Subjective Unsolved)

This passage describes kites events for kids as done in the childhood because growing up with kites is a past experience. Nowadays kites for kids is really a dream.

Passage 29- Health (300 Words Objective Unsolved)

This health essay describeshealth and wealth relationship focusing on health benefits giving you a health definition. Either you say health and hygiene or health and fitness both are nearly same.Health education has become necessary these days.Read this passage and know health facts becausehealth for allis required.Set up yourhealth goals and follow health line after getting health literacy so that there remains no health problem.

Passage 30 -NEWS AGENCIES (300 Words Subjective Unsolved)

Related Posts