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Issues of Corruption
Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:-
In India, there is a lot of agitation about the issues of corruption. The movement against corruption has raised several questions about the intention, legal procedures and provision provided in the Constitution of India to a common man and against the act of corruption in the public and private domains.
Corruption is not a new phenomenon in India. It has been prevalent in society since ancient times. History reveals that it was present even in the Mauryan period. Great scholar Kautilya mentions the pressure of forty types of corruption in his contemporary society. It was practised even in the Mughal and Sultanate period. When the East India Company took control of the country, corruption reached a new height. Corruption implies to the perversion of morality, integrity, character or duty out of mercenary motives, i.e., bribery, without any regard to honour, right and justice. Simultaneously, depriving the genuinely deserving of their right or privilege is also a corrupt practice. Shrinking from one’s duty or dereliction of duty are also forms of corruption. Besides, thefts, wastage of public property constitute varieties of corruption. Dishonesty, exploitation, malpractices, scams and scandals are various manifestations of corruption.
Seeing that a common man in India has to lace the evil corruption at many avenues, it is desirable to have a permanent solution to this issue of corruption. However, the solution to this issue should have full support, and be an important part of, the Constitution of India because, in Independent India, nothing is supreme than this living document; individuals who organize and run this country draw their powers and privileges from the Constitution. The Supreme Court of India decides the limits, defines the provisions and parts of the Constitution from time to time, and the common men totally depends on the Constitution for their political living.
There is an interesting and powerful provision in the Constitution. It is called the power to amend it, i.e., incorporate changes to the existing laws and provisions and add the new ones according to the demand and need of the hour in the Constitution.
Considering the current scenario in the country, and witnessing so many cases of corruption, the time has come to make the Forty-second-amendment-like change to the Constitution through which, we add a new term “CORRUPTION-FREE” to the Preamble to the Constitution. Thus, the new Preamble will read as follows:
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC CORRUPTION-FREE REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens. With this amendment, Indian constitution will acquire the status of being the first-ever document in the world that would offer a “CORRUPTION-FREE” state to its citizens and India will become the first country in the world to do so.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(i) What questions have been raised during the movement against corruption?
(ii) Is corruption a new phenomenon? Comment.
(iii) What is corruption?
(iv) Why is the constitution of India considered to be the most supreme?
(v) Mention the interesting and powerful provision in the constitution?
(vi) What is the new terminology that should be added to the preamble of the constitution?
(vii) What would be the significant change that would occur with the amendment in the Indian constitution?
(viii) Find the word in the above passage that means: that exists or is very common at a particular time or in a particular place. (para 2)