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Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:-
India is a land of great tourism potential. From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat, every region has its own uniqueness and flavour – be it cold/hot desert (Ladakh/Rajasthan), rivers (Ganges and Brahmaputra), forests (Niligiri & North Fast), islands (Andaman and Nicobar) each land-form is bound to mesmerize tourists. Moreover, the wide variety in the landscape offers a range of choices to tourists from within India and abroad. Apart from the natural landscapes, the cultural heritage spread across the country offers a huge potential for the development of tourism in the country.
India is the birthplace of three religions — Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The vast landscape has innumerable sacred and religious tourist places which are bound to attract tourists from across the South East and East Asian countries. The full potential of Dilwara Jain temples in the West, Buddhist sites in the East and North East and famous Hindu temples in the South have not been explored so far.
India is the second-most populous country in the world with over 1.25 billion populations. In other words, they offer a minimum of potential 1.25 billion tourist visits if the right policies and the infrastructure are in place. Taking a cue from the ‘Mann Ki Baat’ of Modi, the policymakers should look ‘inward’ and come up with appropriate strategies to tap the domestic tourist potential.
Despite the above-mentioned attractions that India offers for tourists, the path to well-developed tourism is beset with a number of challenges. Some of them are —Lack of Infrastructure: It is a major challenge for the Indian tourism sector. Tourism-associated economic and social infrastructure — hotels, connectivity, human resources, hygiene, health facilities, etc. are largely underdeveloped in India. The poor infrastructure is reflected in India’s 112th rank in the WEIrs Travel and ‘lint racism competitiveness Index 2017.
Safety and security: Safety and security of tourists, especially of foreign tourists, is a major roadblock to tourism development. Attacks on foreign nationals, especially on women, raise questions about India’s ability to welcome tourists from far away countries.
Accessibility: Majority of the tourist spots in the country are not accessible to poor, women and elderly. This is because of the high costs of travelling, poor connectivity and a series of permissions required for various reasons.
Despite the recent growth of the tourism sector in the country, India’s share in international tourist arrivals is a meagre 0.50%, while the share in the global international tourism receipts is around 1.30% only. Tourism not only creates jobs in the tertiary sector, but it also encourages growth in the primary and secondary sectors of industry. Hence, it is high time, the government should encourage the participation of the private sector in a big way for the all-round development of the tourism sector that has the potential to act as the key driver of inclusive growth.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(i) What are the unique features that India showcases as a land of tourism potential?
(ii) Which three religions finds its birthplace in India?
(iii) What are the tourist sites that have not been explored so far?
(iv) What are the challenges that the development of tourism face in India?
(v) What percentage of international tourists arrives in India when compared to global international tourism?
(vi) What are the other benefits of tourism?
(vii) How can the tourism sector development in a big way?
(viii) Find the word in the passage that means: that can be developed into something or be developed in the future (para 1)
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