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Modals are the verbs which are used with other verbs (not modals) to express ability, possibility, permission, obligation etc.
Here is a list of modals :
can might need would ought to could should
shall used to may must will dare
Uses of Modals
Uses of Shall
Use of ‘shall’ with 1st person shows pure future :
(i) I shall be in my class at this time tomorrow.
(ii) We shall decorate our houses for Deepawali.
Use of ‘shall’ with and 2nd 3rd person shows:
1.Promise : (i) You shall get a prize. (ii) I le shall get Rs 500/-
2.Command : You shall not come to my house.
3.Threat : You shall be punished fir your misconduct.
Uses of Should
‘Should’ is used to show :
1.Obligation : We should serve our parents.
2.Advice or recommendation :You should take milk, not coffee.
3.Probability or expectation : He was in the final year of MBBS. He should be a doctor now
Uses of Will
Use of `will’ with 3rd person shows pure future:
He will be in his office at this time tomorrow.
Use of ‘will’ with 1st and and person shows :
1.Wish : I will go home now.
2.Request : Will you please lend me your scooter?
3.Determination : I will find Out the truth.
4.Willingness: I will lend you my pen.
5.Threat : I will surely punish him.
Uses of Would
‘Would’ is the past tense of ‘will’. It is used to denote :
1.A polite request : Would you lend me your pen?
2.An enquiry about the wish of the person addressed : Would you like to have a cup of tea?
3.A wish : Would that I were the Prime Minister!
Uses of Can
‘Can’ is used to indicate :
1.Ability : He can teach you how to speak English.
2.Possibility : He can come any time.
Uses of Could
‘Could’ is the past tense of ‘can’. It is used to indicate :
1.Ability : He could swim well at the age of ten.
2.Permission : Could! see what is in your hands?
3.A polite request : Could you pass on the salt, please?
Uses of May
‘May’ is used to indicate :
1.Permission : May I come in, Sir ?
2.Possibility : It may rain Way.
3.Purpose : Work hard so that you may pass.
4.Wishes and hopes : May he win a scholarship!
Uses of Most
‘Must’ is used to indicate :
1.Obligation : You must pay your bill by the 7th of this month.
2.Advice or recommendation : The patient is serious. You must take him to hospital.
3.A logical conclusion : You have worked a lot. You must be tired.
Uses of Need
‘Need’ is used to indicate obligation or necessity.
(i) You need not go there now. You are too late.
(ii) Need I remind you of your promise ?
Uses of Might
‘Might’ is used to show :
1.Possibility : It might rain, but we cant be sure.
2.Purpose (in the past) : He worked hard so that he might pass.
Uses of Ought to
‘Ought to’ indicates :
1.Obligation : You ought to attend the class regularly.
2.Advice or recommendation : He ought to consult a good doctor.
Uses of Used to
‘ Used to’ indicates :
1.A habitual action in the past : I used to fly kites when I was young.
2.A state of things that existed in the past : There used to be a restaurant here ten years ago .
Uses of Dare
‘Dare’ means having the courage to he brave enough.
(i) I do not know how he dares to say all that.
(ii) I low dare you disobey your parents
Exercises and Worksheets