Modal Verb Rules, Exercises and Worksheets

Study of modal auxiliary verb is a must to learn English. So we are providing Auxiliaries Grammar which includes modal verbs definition, modal auxiliaries verbs examples and specially auxiliaries verbs list. It will Enable you to solve auxiliary verb exercise. So Read the page and enjoy English modal verbs to be perfect in auxiliaries in English


Modals are the verbs which are used with other verbs (not modals) to express ability, possibility, permission, obligation etc.

 Here is a list of modals :

can         might         need     would   ought to               could     should

shall       used to      may      must      will                         dare

Uses of Modals

 1. Uses of Shall

A- Use of ‘shall’ with 1st person shows pure future :

  • I shall be in my class at this time tomorrow.
  • We shall decorate our houses for Deepawali.

B- Use of ‘shall’ with and the 2nd 3rd person shows:

1. Promise:

  • You shall get a prize.
  • Ile shall get Rs 500/-

2. Command:

  • You shall not come to my house.

3. Threat:

  • You shall be punished for your misconduct.

2. Uses of Should

 ‘Should’ is used to show :


  • We should serve our parents.

2. Advice or recommendation:

  • You should take milk, not coffee.

3. Probability or expectation:

  • He was in the final year of MBBS. He should be a doctor now

3. Uses of Will

Use of `will’ with 3rd person shows pure future:

  • He will be in his office at this time tomorrow.
  • Use of ‘will’ with 1st and person shows :

1. Wish:

  • I will go home now.

2. Request:

  • Will you please lend me your scooter?


  • I will find out the truth.

4. Willingness:

  • I will lend you my pen.


  • I will surely punish him.

4. Uses of Would

 ‘Would’ is the past tense of ‘will’. It is used to denote :

1.A polite request:

  • Would you lend me your pen?

2. An enquiry about the wish of the person addressed:

  • Would you like to have a cup of tea?

3. A wish:

  • Would that I was the Prime Minister!

5. Uses of Can

 ‘Can’ is used to indicate :


  • He can teach you how to speak English.

2. Possibility:

  • He can come at any time.

 6. Uses of Could

‘Could’ is the past tense of ‘can’. It is used to indicate :


  • He could swim well at the age of ten.

2. Permission:

  • Could! see what is in your hands?

3. A polite request:

  • Could you pass on the salt, please?

7. Uses of May

‘May’ is used to indicating:


  •  May I come in, Sir?

2. Possibility:

  •  It may rain Way.

3. Purpose:

  • Work hard so that you may pass.

4. Wishes and hopes:

  • May he win a scholarship!

8. Uses of Most

‘Must’ is used to indicate:


  • You must pay your bill by the 7th of this month.

2. Advice or recommendation:

  • The patient is serious. You must take him to the hospital.

3. A logical conclusion:

  • You have worked a lot. You must be tired.

9. Uses of Need

‘Need’ is used to indicate obligation or necessity.

  • You need not go there now. You are too late.
  • Need I remind you of your promise?

10. Uses of Might

‘Might’ is used to showing:


  • It might rain, but we can’t be sure.

2. Purpose (in the past):

  • He worked hard so that he might pass.

11. Uses of Ought to

‘Ought to’ indicates:


  • You ought to attend the class regularly.

2. Advice or recommendation:

  • He ought to consult a good doctor.

12. Uses of Used to

 ‘Used to’ indicates:

1. A habitual action in the past:

  • I used to fly kites when I was young.

2.A state of things that existed in the past:

  • There used to be a restaurant here ten years ago.

13.Uses of Dare

‘Dare’ means having the courage to be brave enough.

  • I do not know how he dares to say all that.
  • I low dare you to disobey your parents

Some Exercises of Modals Are:-

Modal Exercises and Worksheets No. 1 & 2
Modal Exercises and Worksheets No. 3 & 4
Modal Exercises and Worksheets No. 5 & 6
Modal Exercises and Worksheets No. 7 & 8
Modal Exercises and Worksheets No. 9 & 10


“Read More Rules of Modal Auxiliaries”