Class 11 & 12 Reading Passage No- 50. COMPETITION (550 Words Subjective/Objective Solved)

By | November 19, 2018

Following are the reading comprehension worksheets for class 11th        in English These comprehension Passages are known by many names as reading comprehension exercises, reading comprehension test, reading Passage, reading skills, reading comprehension, ks2 reading, basic reading skills worksheets.  These ENGLISH short stories with questions and answers are printable and absolutely free. The comprehension questions are value based. Edumantra.net guarantees to be the best comprehension resource. Question types include subjective, objective and multiple choice  

COMPETITION

Read the passage given below:

1. We live in a world dictated by competition, goals and deadlines and as a result, are constantly working under pressure. This scenario is neatly mirrored in Indian schools today. “Children have a lot to manage these days. Besides school and tuitions, they have homework, tests to prepare for and a lot of extra research for projects. To add to this chaos, they are forced to do extra-curricular activities and, to top it all, we expect our children to excel in all these activities.

2. Indeed, the education system does put immense pressure on children, and so do their parents. For starters, as parents meet the ever-increasing demands of their own lives, by way of skilful time management, they must also pass this knowledge on to their children. Perhaps it is stating the obvious that there are certain academic expectations all students should aim to meet. After all, education and activities that contribute to the overall development of the child ought to be given priority. Thus, parents need to teach their children to manage their time successfully to meet these expectations. However, they should not make the situation worse by adding to the pressure. It is important for parents not to expect too much from the child. Moreover, while parents must ensure that the child meets his or her academic goals, as far as extra-curricular activities are concerned, the children do have a choice. By the time children are five, they are clear about what they like and dislike. Parents must allow their child to pursue what he or she is interested in rather than go by what other children are doing and force their own child to do several things at a time.

3. In order to teach children how to manage their time well, parents must supervise children and see to it that they follow a time-table. They can act as helping hands when the pressure becomes too much in terms of giving practical help in finishing projects or assignments. Of course, schools can also play their part to ensure that children are not unfairly pressurised, but are still competent to meet the demands placed on them. Teachers must model time discipline. The school diary can play a very important role. This good old system of the school diary acts as a communication between the teacher and the parents. Children can be trained to use this as their daily diary and record all important dates. In order to make time management techniques work, they have to become habits. It is important to form a ‘basic sketch’ of how you spend your day. You should roughly mark out school, class and tuition timings, personal study time and leisure hours. A separate plan for weekends and school holidays must be made. This will act as a guide to how you will plan each individual day. Use a dated diary or planner to mark out tests and submission dates and the daily list of things to do. One glance at these pages should give you an overview of all the tasks that you have to complete on a particular day. It will also serve as a reminder for upcoming tests and submissions and help you to prepare in advance for tests to avoid last-minute hassles.

Choose the correct alternatives from the options given below:                                             

(a) Because of the emphasis on competition, children today are expected to

(i) go for tuitions

(ii) submit their HW in time

 (iii) research on their projects

(iv) excel in all curricular and extra-curricular activities he/she participates in

(b) Parents are guilty of adding to the woes of the children by

(i) expecting too much from their children

(ii) forcing the children to do too many things at the same time

(iii) giving them the freedom to make their own choices

(iv) not helping them with their project work

Answer the following questions briefly in your own words :

(c) Give one example of a situation where children have to meet deadlines at school?

(d) How does following a timetable help a child?

(e) Mention two uses of recording important dates in the school diary?

(f) How can a parent ease the pressure on their children in case of extra-curricular activities?

(g) Mention the three areas that cause pressure in a child’s life?

Find words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following:

(h) governed/ruled (para-1)

(i) troubles and difficulties (para-3)

 ANSWERS:-

 (a) (iv)

(b) (i) (though (b) (ii) also seems equally valid the task is to pick one option.

 (c) Besides school, tuitions and extra-curricular activities, children today also have to engage in research for projects and assignments, which usually have to be submitted within set deadlines. (This answer is my own invention. No direct reference in the passage).

(d) Children today have to focus on curricular and extracurricular activities, apart from projects and assignments. By following timetables, children can divide their time better and learn about time-management. Parents can help reduce the pressure on children by making sure they follow a time-table.

 (e) Two uses of recording important dates in a diary are:

(a) It helps avoid last-minute preparation hassles by serving as a reminder for upcoming tests and submissions.

 (b) It provides an overview of all tasks to be completed at a glace.

(Point (a) there seemed to be one and the same thing. If you think the point

(b) doesn’t address the question, I suggest breaking point (a) in two:

 (a) It serves as a reminder for upcoming tests and submissions.

(b) It helps one prepare in advance to avoid last-minute preparation hassles.)

(f) Parents should realize that in the case of extracurricular activities, children have a choice. By the time a child is five years old, he/she knows which activities he/ she is interested in. By allowing children to participate in activities their children like instead of forcing them to do what other children are doing, or forcing them to do several things at once, parents can help ease the pressure of extracurricular activities on children.

(g) Academics, extracurricular activities and meeting deadlines for projects and assignments are the three areas that cause pressure in a child’s life. (The last part is my deduction).

 (h) Dictated.

(i) Hassles.

Download the above Passage in PDF Worksheet (Printable)

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