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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions:-
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is a government scheme launched by the PM Narendra Modi on Thursday 22nd of January, at Panipat, Haryana. This scheme has been introduced to improve the pathetic condition of the girl child in Indian society even today. According to the statistics, there is a steady drop seen in the ratio of girl and boy child in the age group of 0-6 years. It was 945/1000 in 1991, that reduced to 927/1000 in 2001 and 918/1000 in 2011. This is a cause of great concern. If measures are not taken to check this social menace, it would lead to serious problems.
The programme was launched on 22nd of January, Thursday in 2015 at Panipat. This scheme was launched especially in Haryana as this state has the lowest female sex-ratio (775 girls/1000 boys) in the country. The programme has been implemented in hundred districts across the country to improve the status of girls of which twelve districts (Ambala, Kurukshetra, Rewari, Bhiwani, Mahendergarh, Sonepat, Jhajjar, Rohtak, Kaithal, Panipat, Karnal, and Yamuna Nagar) have been chosen from the Haryana state itself because of its extremely disproportionate sex-ratio.
The purpose of launching the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme was to make girls independent socially and financially and granting them their constitutional rights of freedom and education. There is a huge reduction in the number of girls because of the practice of aborting female foetuses after sex determination through modern diagnostic tools in hospitals. Female infanticide is yet another horror that prevails rampantly in our society because of indiscriminate gender discrimination.
If allowed to breathe, she continues to be discriminated and is not provided education, health, nutrition, safety, and her basic rights as a human being. In order to empower women and give them their full rights, the government of India’s scheme may be a step in the right direction. Empowering women brings all-around progress, especially in the family and society. Bed Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is essential for the economic and social growth of the nation. If the girl is not educated we will continue to remain a developing nation. The men and women in the entire country will learn to respect and accept the woman and refrain from indulging in activities that are detrimental to the social and biological balance. While launching the scheme, PM reminded the entire medical fraternity that the purpose of the medical profession is to save lives and not finish lives.
We hope that there will come a day when no girl child is killed, uneducated, insecure, raped, sold or abandoned because of socio-economic reasons. Let us, as citizens of this wonderful nation, work towards building up a very strong and competitive female population, and strive to make the scheme a success.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(i)When, where and by whom was the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme launched?
(ii) What is the status of the girl child as per the census of 2011 and what would its implications lead to?
(iii) Why was such a scheme launched and what is its purpose?
(iv) Which state has the lowest female sex ratio and in how many of its districts has the scheme been implemented?
(v) What is the kind of discrimination that the girl child faces?
(vi) What kind of awareness does the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao give to the people?
(vii) What was PM Narendra Modi’s message to the Medical Fraternity?
(viii) Find the word in the passage that means: the practice of treating somebody or a particular group less fairly than the others.
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