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Read the following passage carefully: ( 12 marks)
“Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.” This age-old saying has become irrelevant today since lifestyles have changed beyond recognition. The interne., television programmes. late night parties, funky dances, commuting in traffic jams, etc., have rendered it impossible to retire early at night. Businessmen and executives are worst affected because most of their engagements continue into the late hours of the night. They prefer making long distance calls late at night when charges are reduced to one-third of the normal rates. Children burdened with homework and those who compete in the highly competitive job market, have to burn the midnight oil. Life has become so fast that a person has to work day in and day out. Now for all practical purposes. life has shifted much beyond sunset. Modern lifestyle has affected one’s sleeping hours. Busy people like politicians, bureaucrats, industrialists. businessmen, executives and professionals hardly get a full night’s sleep.
In metropolitan cities, school-going children have to reach their schools early so they have to get up before sunrise. The lady of the house has to prepare breakfast and midday meals for her children, husband and even for herself if she is a working woman. Therefore, it becomes a necessity to rise early. All such people should sleep early but it is not possible for them to do so. As a result, efficiency and performance suffer.
Old values are giving place to new. A hot water bath is now recommended in place of cold water bath because it stimulates the nerves and muscles. We start our day with newspapers and read news about murders, kidnapping, accidents, thefts, threats and family disputes, agitations. divorces, etc. Such news items keep on haunting the readers for the whole day. Psychiatrists, therefore, recommend that one should not read the newspapers in the morning.
According to a report published in New Scientist magazine, early risers are more stressed than those who rise late. Researchers at the University of Westminster In London have discovered that people who get up early also have a higher level of cortisol, the body’s main stress hormone. Early risers are also reported to have more muscle aches, cold symptoms and headaches and significantly worse moods. The sum and substance are that there is a strong correlation between sleep and efficiency. The more sound the sleep, the more will be the freshness and desire to work. While children are supposed to sleep longer hours, adults must also have the full quota of undisturbed sleep.
1. On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the following questions as briefly as possible.
(a) The age-old saying “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise” has become irrelevant today. List the things that are responsible for it.
(b) How does rising early and sleeping late, affect people?
(c) According to some psychiatrists, one should not read newspapers in the morning. This is because
(d) Studies have revealed that early risers have:
2 Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following: Write the answers in your answer sheet, against the correct blank numbers.
(a) having a strong rhythm; very stylish and unusual :
(c) make more active
(d) persistently disturbing one’s mind