Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre | Critical Analysis | 100, 150, 200, 300 & 400 + Words

By | June 10, 2023
Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is a painful event in the history of India that still sends shivers down our spines. It was a ruthless act of violence that shook the very core of our nation and left an indelible mark on our hearts. Here is an Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. These essays are short and long for all classes.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on April 13th, 1919, Let’s explore its aftermath and understand what really happened during one of the darkest days in Indian history – The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.

My Visit to a Historical Place

Jallianwala Bagh is a place of great significance and sorrow in the history of British India. The massacre of 1919 is still deeply ingrained in the soil of the place.
Last month as a part of the educational tour, our school took us to the tragic place which is cursed for being the ground of the killings I of more than a few hundred innocent and defenceless Indian’s gathered there on the day of Baisakhi–The day of celebration for the farmers of Punjab. Then Brigadier General, Reginald Dyer, who deployed his men near the entrance of the place on the same day, without any prior intimation, opened fire at the crowd (who were caught unaware). The 20 minutes of continuous firing left 400 people dead and a woo wounded.
However, the actual figures are said to be more, than that.  Situated in the holy city of Amritsar, as soon as one nears the gate of the place, the prominent bullet marks stand proudly to welcome the visitors and remind them of the history. The narrow lanes of the garden are the passageway which was occupied and blocked by the British troops to fire at the civilian mob leaving no way for them (the civilians) to escape.
Inside the garden, amongst the trees, are the highlighted spots which were used as the firing ground. They are designed in the shape of bullets. There is also a well inside the garden into which women and children had jumped to save themselves from the ruthless and inhuman act of the British Army. The walls of the garden are still adorned by human blood along with the firing marks.
A tall memorial, in the shape of a lantern flame, stands firmly on the grounds inside the garden to commemorate the tragedy of 13th April 1919. Indeed, only one look into the garden tells the helplessness of the victims.
The joyful celebration turned into a gory and despicable tragedy is a monstrous event in the history of India and justifies Sir Winston Churchill’s quote: “the incident at Jallianwala Bagh was an extraordinary event, a monstrous event and an event that stands in singular and sinister isolation.”
 My experience of visiting the historical sight was not only informative but poignant too. The intensity of the event was never understood by me in the classrooms but when I toured the place, did I realise the pain of the people who gathered there in 1919 to celebrate their festival, the pain of the people who lost their relatives to an act of this kind of insanity that did not spare even women and children.
 I would recommend every school to take the students to Jallianwala Bagh and acquaint them with the tragic event that is an indelible scar in the history of their nation.

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Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre- 100 Words

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is one of the most tragic and horrifying incidents. It took place during India’s struggle for independence. On April 13, 1919, a peaceful gathering of thousands of unarmed men, women, and children was going on. The gathering was mercilessly attacked by British troops. The attack was commanded by General Reginald Dyer.
The crowd had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest the arrest and deportation of two national leaders. Without any warning, General Dyer ordered his soldiers to open fire at the innocent civilians. It resulted in the death of around 400 people and left many others injured. The brutality shown by the British forces on that day shook not only India but also countries across the world.
We must never forget our past struggles for freedom. We should always strive towards creating a better tomorrow for ourselves and future generations to come.

Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre- 150 Words

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a dark day in Indian history. It was a time when the British colonial authorities opened fire on thousands of unarmed civilians. They all had gathered at a public park.
This brutal incident occurred on April 13, 1919, and left hundreds of people dead or injured. The tragedy sparked widespread outrage across India. It marked a turning point in the struggle for independence from British rule. It also highlighted the brutal tactics used by the colonizers to suppress Indians and maintain control over their subjects.
Despite being nearly a century old, the legacy of Jallianwala Bagh continues to resonate with Indians today. It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for freedom.
Such incidents inspires us to continue working towards creating a more just society. As we reflect on this tragic event, let us honor those whose lives were lost or forever.
Even today, after more than a century has passed since this tragedy occurred, its impact is still felt deeply among Indians worldwide.

jallianwala bagh essay in english
Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre | Critical Analysis | 100, 150, 200, 300 & 400 + Words 5

Jallianwala Bagh Essay in English- 200 Words

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is a tragic incident in history that has left an indelible mark on India’s struggle for freedom. It was a brutal display of power by the British against peaceful protestors who were assembled to demand their rights and voice their grievances.
It was April 13, 1919, when General Dyer led his troops into the garden and opened fire without warning. The ruthless act claimed hundreds of lives and injured countless others. Witnessing such brutality must have been traumatic for those present at the scene.
The massacre sparked widespread outrage across India, and it became one of the significant incidents that contributed to India’s independence struggle.
It also exposed Britain’s imperialistic policies and inspired many leaders to fight for freedom relentlessly.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre became a turning point in India’s freedom movement. It ignited a flame within every Indian citizen who was seeking independence from colonial rule. This incident played an instrumental role in bringing together people from all walks of life to fight for their rights.
Even today, Jallianwala Bagh remains a symbol of bravery and sacrifice in Indian history. The government has preserved the site as a national monument dedicated to those who lost their lives fighting for justice.
Essay on The Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 300 Words
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is one of the most horrific incidents in India’s struggle for independence. On April 13, 1919, General Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on a peaceful crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar.
The people had gathered there to protest against the arrest and deportation of two national leaders named Satya Pal and Saifuddin Kitchlew.
The indiscriminate firing resulted in the death of hundreds of innocent men, women, and children.
People were trapped inside the walled garden with no way out. The incident intensified the demand for freedom from British rule. It was not just an act of violence but also a clear indication that the British colonial government would use any means necessary to suppress dissenting voices.
It was a brutal reminder that Indians were considered second-class citizens in their own country by their colonizers. Even today, over a century later, this terrible event remains etched into our collective memory as a tragic example of how power can be abused if left unchecked.
But it is also important to remember that it galvanized Indians across religious and social divides towards achieving independence through non-violent means led by Mahatma Gandhi.
The aftermath was devastating for India as it marked a turning point in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. The heinous act shocked people all over the world and led to widespread protests against British hostility. It symbolizes not only the brutality inflicted on unarmed civilians but also their unwavering spirit and determination towards freedom.
It is essential to remember this tragedy so that we may learn from it and work towards creating an equitable society where such horrific acts never occur again.
In conclusion, the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre reminds us how people’s struggles can be silenced with violence but cannot be subdued indefinitely. The events serve as a powerful reminder of our past while inspiring hope for transformational change in society moving forward.

jallianwala bagh massacre class 10
Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre | Critical Analysis | 100, 150, 200, 300 & 400 + Words 6

Long Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre for Senior Students- 500 + Words

Introduction- The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre is a haunting and tragic event in Indian history. On April 13, 1919, thousands of unarmed civilians gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh park in Amritsar to peacefully protest the British Raj’s oppressive measures. However, what followed was an unthinkable act of brutality that shook India to its core.
Let’s learn the details of one of the darkest chapters in Indian history – The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
We’ll discuss what happened on that fateful day, who was responsible for it, the causes behind it and how it impacted not just India but also shaped world events thereafter. So grab a cup of tea and join us as we explore this important historical event together!

What happened at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre?

On April 13, 1919, a peaceful gathering of Indian civilians took place at the Jallianwala Bagh public garden in Amritsar. The event was held to protest the arrest and deportation of two popular national leaders by British authorities.
As the crowd gathered to listen to speeches and hold discussions, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer arrived with his troops and ordered them to open fire on the unarmed civilians without warning or mercy. For ten minutes, soldiers fired indiscriminately into the dense crowd – men, women, and children alike – until their ammunition ran out.
The massacre resulted in over 1,000 casualties including deaths and injuries. Some people were crushed underfoot while trying to flee from bullets while others drowned in a nearby well after jumping inside for safety. The brutal attack lasted around 10-15 minutes before Dyer finally ordered his troops back.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre remains one of India’s most tragic events in history as it was an unnecessary act of violence committed against innocent civilians who had peacefully assembled that day. It sparked widespread outrage across India leading many people to join various independence movements that eventually led towards gaining independence from British rule later down the line.

Who was responsible for the massacre?

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919 was a tragic event that shook the Indian independence movement and brought to light the brutalities of British colonial rule. But who was responsible for this heinous act?
First, we must look at General Reginald Dyer, who ordered his troops to open fire on unarmed protesters gathered in Jallianwala Bagh. Dyer’s actions were fueled by fear and a desire to maintain British dominance in India.
However, it’s important to note that Dyer didn’t act alone. He had support from high-ranking officials within the British government, including Governor Michael O’Dwyer. In fact, O’Dwyer publicly praised Dyer for his actions following the massacre.
Furthermore, it wasn’t just British officials who were responsible for the tragedy – there were also underlying issues of racism and prejudice towards Indians that allowed such violence to occur without consequence.
While General Reginald Dyer may have been directly responsible for ordering the shooting at Jallianwala Bagh, there were many others complicit in allowing such an atrocity to take place under their watch.

The Causes of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre was the result of a culmination of factors that had been brewing in India for years. One major cause was the oppressive British rule, which treated Indians as second-class citizens and denied them basic rights.
Moreover, there were growing tensions between Hindus and Muslims, who were divided by religious differences. The British often played these groups against each other to maintain their control over India.
Another factor was the increasing Indian nationalist movement led by figures such as Mahatma Gandhi. This movement challenged British authority and called for independence from colonial rule.
In addition to these political causes, economic issues also contributed to the massacre. Many Indians suffered under harsh poverty due to exploitative policies imposed by the British government.
All of these factors came to a head on April 13th, 1919, when General Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on unarmed demonstrators at Jallianwala Bagh. The tragedy resulted in hundreds of deaths and sparked outrage throughout India and beyond.
Multiple complex social, political, and economic factors contributed to this tragic event in Indian history.

How did the Indian people respond to the massacre?

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre had a profound effect on the Indian people. The brutal and senseless violence inflicted upon innocent civilians sparked outrage and anger across the nation.
Many Indians were shocked by the actions of the British government and began to question their authority and legitimacy in India. Protests erupted throughout the country, with people taking to the streets to demand justice for those who lost their lives at Jallianwala Bagh.
Mahatma Gandhi, one of India’s most famous leaders, responded to the massacre by launching a nationwide campaign of nonviolent resistance against British rule. He called for Indians to boycott British goods and services as a way of showing their disapproval of colonial policies.
Other leaders also emerged during this period, including Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose. These leaders advocated for independence from Britain, arguing that it was time for India to become a sovereign nation.
The response of the Indian people to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was one of unity and defiance. Although they were facing an oppressive regime backed by military might, they refused to be silenced or intimidated. Instead, they came together in solidarity with each other in pursuit of freedom from colonial rule.

The Aftermath of the Massacre

The aftermath of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre was devastating for the Indian people. The news of the brutal and inhumane attack spread like wildfire, causing outrage and anger among the masses. The British government’s response to this tragedy was disappointing, as they tried to cover up their actions and downplay the severity of the incident.
However, despite their efforts, the news of what happened at Jallianwala Bagh soon reached other countries’ shores. This led to widespread international condemnation of Britain’s actions in India, which damaged its reputation globally.
The massacre also had long-lasting effects on India’s struggle for independence from British rule. It united Indians across different castes and religions against colonial oppression. Many prominent leaders emerged from this event who played a crucial role in India’s fight for freedom.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre became a symbol of resistance against British imperialism and inspired many movements that aimed to end colonialism worldwide. Its impact is still felt today as it serves as a reminder that unjustified violence can never solve any problem.
While tragic and painful, there were several positive outcomes from this horrific event that helped shape modern-day India into what it is today – independent, diverse, inclusive nation with a rich history and culture.

aftermath of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre
Essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre | Critical Analysis | 100, 150, 200, 300 & 400 + Words 7

What were the long-term effects of the massacre?

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre had a significant impact on the Indian independence movement and British rule in India. The brutal incident left deep scars on the collective memory of Indians, leading to widespread anger and resentment towards the British government.
One of the most notable long-term effects of the massacre was that it galvanized Indian nationalism and increased support for Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent resistance movement. The tragedy sparked a wave of protests across India, with millions taking to streets demanding an end to British colonial rule.
Moreover, it led to increased international scrutiny of Britain’s oppressive regime in India. The worldwide outrage over Jallianwala Bagh united people from all walks of life against British imperialism and forced them to confront their atrocities in India.
Additionally, it also exposed the cruel nature of colonialism and inspired many anti-imperialist movements around the world. The atrocity committed by General Dyer became a rallying cry for oppressed nations everywhere struggling for freedom from foreign domination.
While Jallianwala Bagh may have been just one event in history, its significance cannot be understated. It served as a turning point in India’s struggle for independence and left behind an indelible mark on both Indian society and global politics.


The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a horrific event in Indian history that had long-lasting effects on the country. It was a symbol of British tyranny and cruelty, and it sparked widespread outrage among Indians both at home and abroad. The massacre united people from all walks of life to demand independence from British rule.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre also served as a turning point in India’s struggle for freedom. It made clear that peaceful protests were not enough to bring about change, leading many to adopt more radical tactics. The memory of the tragedy continues to inspire generations of Indians who fight against oppression and injustice.
It is important for us today to remember this tragic event in our history so that we can learn from it and ensure that such atrocities never happen again. We must honor those who lost their lives at Jallianwala Bagh by working towards creating a fairer, more just society where everyone has equal rights and opportunities regardless of their background or social status.
We hope this essay on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre has shed some light on this significant moment in Indian history. Let us continue to celebrate our rich heritage while always striving towards progress with unity, peace, justice & equality!