Essay on Population in India | Population issue in India | Essays for All Age Groups | Short and Long

By | September 13, 2023

The population issue in India is multifaceted, with both challenges and opportunities. This collection of essay on population in India offers insights into the current population of India, its growth trends, and the myriad implications. These essays cater to readers of all age groups, providing a comprehensive understanding of the population dynamics in the country.”

Population Issue in India: Essay on Population in India 100 Words

The population issue in India is a topic of significant concern for all. The government is struggling to keep up with the demand for services and infrastructure. The situation is made worse by the fact that many people live in poverty and do not have access to basic needs like healthcare and education. The population problem is compounded by the fact that India has a young population.

This means that there will be more people entering the workforce in the coming years, putting even more strain on the already overloaded system. Let’s get more educated and try to understand that increase in pollution can be a major issue of concern.

Essay on Population in India- 150 Words

The population issue in India becomes evident when considering that the country has a population surpassing 1.4 billion, indicating the magnitude of the population issue of India. This makes India the second most populous country in the world, after China. The population of India is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, reaching around 1.5 billion by 2050.

India has a relatively young population, with around 64% of the population under the age of 35. As the population of India continues to grow, it’s important to consider the implications this will have on the country. More people mean more strain on resources like food and water.

There will also be more competition for jobs, and housing may become more cramped and expensive. On the other hand, a larger population also brings with it more diversity and creativity. It will be interesting to see how India adapts as its population grows in the coming years.
Additionally, the government will need to create policies that address issues like overpopulation and poverty.

Population Issue in India: 200 Words Essay on Population

The population of India is currently over 1.3 billion. This number is expected to grow to 1.7 billion by 2050. India is the second most populous country in the world, behind only China. The population growth rate in India is about 1.2% per year. The high population density in some areas of the country, combined with the large number of people living in poverty, creates challenges for the government in terms of providing adequate services and infrastructure.

While this may not seem like much, it means that the population of India is growing by about 15 million people every year. This rapid growth is causing problems for the country, as it struggles to provide enough resources for its citizens. India’s government has been trying to implement policies to control the population growth, but so far they have not been very successful.

The high population growth rate is due to a combination of factors, such as a young population, high birth rates, and low death rates. The population density in India is about 464 people per square kilometer (1,200 per square mile). It is too much. This condition may get worsen if the needed steps are not taken.  I urge everyone to think more practically and follow the knowledge regarding population control.

Essay on Population in India- 300 Words

The population issue in India is evident as the numbers continue to grow rapidly, and is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country by 2027. The population growth in India is a major concern, as the country faces significant challenges in providing adequate resources and infrastructure for its people.

Overcrowding is a major problem in many parts of the country, and this is likely to only get worse as the population continues to grow.
The majority of the population is under the age of 35, and the median age is 28. This means that India has a large potential workforce that can drive economic growth.

However, the country also faces challenges due to its population size. Overcrowding is a major problem in many parts of India, and this can lead to poor sanitation and a lack of access to basic services. The government is working on initiatives to control population growth, but it will be a long and difficult process. it’s no surprise that population growth is a big issue in India.

The government has been trying to control population growth for years, but it’s a difficult task. There are many factors that contribute to population growth, including poverty, lack of access to contraception, and cultural norms. In spite of the challenges, the government has made some progress in recent years.

The total fertility rate (the number of children a woman is expected to have in her lifetime) has declined from 3.6 in 2000 to 2.3 in 2016. However, more needs to be done to keep population growth under control. Otherwise, India will continue to struggle with overcrowding, economic inequality, and environmental degradation.

The population is growing at an alarming rate and it is estimated that by 2030, India will be the most populous country in the world. The main reason for this population growth is because of the high birth rate. In India, there are more than 30 births per 1,000 people. This is much higher than the global average of 20 births per 1,000 people. The high birth rate is due to the lack of family planning and the high prevalence of child marriages.  

We should understand that overpopulation leads to poverty, poor sanitation, and environmental degradation. Thus it is our duty to be more responsible and think wisely so that we can limit the use of resources and save them for the coming generations.

Population Issue in India: Essay on Population in India- 400 + Words 


Understanding the population of India requires a nuanced approach, considering the diverse factors influencing its growth. However, current projections estimate that the world’s population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050, and it is projected to continue to grow to 11.2 billion by 2100. This growth is largely due to increases in life expectancy and fertility rates in developing countries.
As the world’s population continues to grow, it is important to consider the impact this will have on our planet’s resources. We must find ways to increase food production, provide clean water and sanitation, and conserve energy and other natural resources. Additionally, we must find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change.

India’s population growth

India’s population growth is a controversial issue. Some people believe that India’s population is growing too rapidly and is a strain on resources, while others believe that the population growth is necessary for the country’s economic development.

The Current Population of India

The current population of India is around 1.3 billion people, making it the second most populous country in the world after China. India is expected to become the world’s most populous country by 2027, and will likely remain so for the rest of the 21st century. The high rate of population growth in India is largely due to the country’s young population, with over 60% of the population being under the age of 25. The vast majority of India’s population is Hindu (80%), followed by Muslims (14%) and Christians (2%).

How Population has Grown in India over the Years

The population of India has grown steadily over the years, from around 550 million in 1951 to over 1.2 billion in 2011. The rate of growth has slowed down in recent years, but the absolute numbers continue to increase. This is due to a number of factors, including improved medical care and advances in contraception.
There are a number of challenges that come with such a large population. India is currently the second most populous country in the world, and is projected to overtake China as the most populous country sometime in the next decade. This means that there is a lot of pressure on resources, and on infrastructure. There are also issues with employment, as there are not enough jobs to go around.
The government is aware of these challenges, and is working on strategies to address them. For example, the government has launched programs to improve employment opportunities, and to provide better access to healthcare and education. It is also working on increasing agricultural productivity, so that more food can be produced to meet the needs of the growing population.
There is no easy solution to the challenges posed by India’s large population. But with careful planning and implementation, it is possible to make sure that everyone has access to the resources they need,

The consequences of overpopulation in India

The population of India is currently over 1.3 billion and is projected to continue to grow. This rapid population growth has led to many consequences, both positive and negative.

On the positive side, India’s economy has been growing rapidly in recent years, thanks in part to the large number of people of working age. This has led to increased opportunities for employment and economic advancement.

However, the negative consequences of overpopulation are also evident. India faces significant challenges in providing adequate housing, healthcare, education and other basic services to its huge population. Overcrowding is a major problem in many parts of the country, which can lead to poor sanitation and an increased risk of disease. Competition for jobs is also intense, which can result in low wages and poor working conditions.

Steps taken by the Government to control Population Growth in India

There are many steps that the Indian government has taken in order to control population growth. Some of these steps include:
1. Encouraging late marriages: The government has been promoting the concept of late marriages in order to reduce the number of births each year. This is because most couples who marry later in life tend to have fewer children.
2. Providing financial incentives: The government has also been providing financial incentives to couples who opt for smaller families. This is done in order to encourage people to have fewer children.
3. Improving access to contraception: The government has been working on improving access to contraception, so that people can better control their fertility. This includes making condoms and other forms of birth control more readily available, as well as providing sex education in schools.
4. Investing in health care: The government has been investing in health care, so that more women have access to quality prenatal and postnatal care. This is important because it helps improve the health of both mother and child, and can help reduce the number of infant and maternal deaths.
5. Promoting gender equality: The government has been promoting gender equality, so that women have the same opportunities as men

Do these measures work?

There is no one answer to this question. India’s population is growing at an alarming rate, and the government has taken several measures to try to control it. Some of these measures have been successful, while others have not been as effective. One of the most successful measures has been the introduction of the two-child policy, which has helped to reduce the fertility rate in India. However, other measures, such as the forced sterilization program, have not been as successful and have been widely criticized.

The Problems caused by overpopulation in India

There are many problems caused by overpopulation in India. One of the most serious problems is the shortage of food and water. With so many people living in one area, there is not enough food or water to go around. This can lead to starvation and dehydration, which can be deadly.
Another problem caused by overpopulation is pollution. With so many people living in close quarters, the air can become polluted very quickly. This can cause respiratory problems and other health issues.
Overpopulation can also lead to crime. When there are too many people living in an area, it can be difficult for the police to keep everyone safe. This can lead to an increase in crime rates, which can make an area very dangerous to live in.
Finally, overpopulation can cause social unrest. When people are overcrowded, they can become stressed and frustrated. This can lead to riots and other forms of violence.

Solutions to the problem of overpopulation in India

There are many ways to solve the problem of overpopulation in India. Some of these solutions include:

1. Increasing the availability of family planning services: Family planning services help couples to plan and space their children, which can help to reduce the rate of population growth.
2. Improving maternal and child health: Ensuring that women and children have access to good quality health care can help to reduce the number of infant and child deaths, and also improve the health of mothers.
3. Investing in education: Educating girls and boys can help to empower them and give them the tools they need to make informed decisions about their reproductive health.
4. Creating opportunities for economic empowerment: When women are economically empowered, they are more likely to delay marriage and childbearing, and have fewer children overall.
5. Addressing environmental concerns: India’s growing population is putting strain on the country’s resources, so it is important to address environmental concerns such as deforestation, water scarcity, and air pollution.


In conclusion, India’s population is a source of both strength and weakness. On the one hand, the large number of people living in India gives the country a significant competitive advantage in terms of labor and market size. On the other hand, India’s population also presents a number of challenges, including overcrowding, poverty, and environmental degradation. The key to managing India’s population effectively will be to find a balance between these two extremes.