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What is bonsai? It is not as is commonly believed, a tree turned dwarf. Bonsai is an art worked with plants in a hollow pot to capture the moods of nature in a surprisingly limited space. It is designed to express the beauty of nature by all kinds of phenomena imaginable. It may also suggest the struggle of a tree against the vagaries of nature which is rarely to be found among trees growing naturally in the fields.
In a sense, bonsai can be compared with the Japanese Haiku, a miniature poem of seventeen syllables. Haiku expresses with a minimum of words a vast wealth of poetic creation. In this sense, both bonsai and Haiku have something in common: a method of embracing much in little.
There are four important sections in a bonsai as in all plants. The trunk constitutes the very basis of a tree. It is, therefore, the most important part of a bonsai. It should taper gradually towards the top. Bonsai requires a careful pruning of the branches from time to time so that the trees look beautiful from all sides. The colour of the leaves indicates the health of a tree. It is, therefore, important to expose them to sunlight and open air. They are normally hardy plants and as a rule, kept outdoors around the year and occasionally brought indoors for decoration and appreciation. A well-shaped root age lends a special charm to bonsai, suggesting stability and age. It is an art that demands not only scientific observation but also much care and affection. It is almost a miracle that a miniature copy of a towering giant can be kept alive literally for centuries in a small pot.
The practice of bonsai is sometimes, confused with dwarfing, but dwarfing generally refers to research, discovery, or creation of plant cultivars that are permanent, genetic miniatures of existing species. Bonsai does not require genetically dwarfed trees but rather depends on growing small trees from regular stock and seeds. Bonsai uses cultivation techniques like pruning, root reduction, potting, defoliation, and grafting to produce small trees that mimic the shape and style of mature, full-size trees.
(a) Bonsai is the art of dealing with————-
(b) Bonsai and Haiku are similar as both————
(c) To make bonsai tree look beautiful the branches must be ———–
(d) A bonsai is generally kept outside as it————
(e) Bonsai requires a careful———- from time to time.
(f)The practice of bonsai is sometimes confused with———-
(g) Bonsai depends on growing——–from regular stock and seeds.
(h) The word ‘vagaries’ means———-
(a) plants in a hollow pot to capture the moods of nature in a surprisingly limited space
(b) follow a method of embracing much in little
(c) prunned time to time
(d) needs exposure to sunlight and open air
(e) pruning of branches
(g) small trees from regular stock and seeds