101. Reading Skills Comprehension: Tourism

By | July 8, 2021
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TOURISM

Read the passage and answer the following Questions:-

Supreme Court has today ordered that tourism is banned in core areas of all tiger reserves in the country. It has said this ban should continue till it passes final orders in the matter filed by Bhopal-based environment protection, NGO Prayatna. The NGO is demanding a ban on tourism in ‘core areas’ of tiger reserves while it can continue in the ‘buffer areas’ of tiger reserves.
The court had earlier directed the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), to submit final guidelines related to tourism in the core area by July. The court will hear now the matter on August 22 next, to examine the guidelines submitted by the authority. The court also asked, “Why tourism should be allowed in the core area? Tigers are practically on the verge of extinction whatever the statistics.”
Opposing the ban on tourists from core regions of tiger reserves proposed by the Environment Ministry, Travel Operators for Tigers (TOFT) have said that wildlife tourism was saving forests and tigers. They added that tourism ensured better security for tigers and was the best anti-poaching mechanism, even though it made forest personnel highly and often uncomfortably accountable. The Chairman said that a ban on wildlife tourism was not the answer.
A recent tourism ministry study had shown that nearly 70% of resorts outside Corbett National Park were venues for weddings and parties rather than eco-tourism. Highlighting the fact that good tourism practices provide a means of legitimate livelihood to people living in and around tiger reserves, TOFT said, “If it were not for tourism bringing economic value to the forest area, it would be sacrificed for mining, farming or industry.”
Emphasizing that the alternative was to ensure implementation of rules and regulations, the Chairman said, “Tiger tourism is the best anti-poaching unit, operating vehicles watching for eight hours a day, deflecting poachers, loggers and grazers from being there.”                                                                                                                      

(a) Name the NGO which filed a case in the Supreme Court demanding a ban on tourism in core areas of tiger reserves. Where is the NGO based?
(b) What argument was put forward by TOFT in defence of tourism in tiger reserves areas?
(c) In what ways are good tourism practices beneficial?
(d) How according to TOFT, would the forest area be used if tourism to tiger reserves in banned?
(e) What is meant by the word `core’? (Para 1)

 (i) important          (ii) essential  

(iii) significant        (iv) compulsory                                                                            

 (f) What is meant by the word `conservation’? (Para 1)

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 (i)preservation      (ii)comfort      

(iii)facility                (iv)environment                                                                            

(g) What is meant by the word `security’? (Para 1)

 (i) comfort              (ii) facility       

(iii) safety    (iv) entertainment                                                                                     

(h) What is meant by the word ‘alternative’? (Para 2)

(i) suggestion     (ii) option       

(iii) way     (iv) rule                                                                                                        

 Answers:

 (a) Bhopal based NGO called Prayatna demanded a ban on tourism in `core areas’ of tiger reserves while it can continue in the ‘buffer areas’ of tiger reserves.

(b) Opposing the ban on tourists from core regions of tiger reserves proposed by the Environment Ministry, Travel Operators for Tigers (TOFT) have said that wildlife tourism was saving forests and tigers. They added that tourism ensured better security for tigers and was the best anti-poaching mechanism. The Chairman said that a ban on wildlife tourism was not the answer.

 (c) TOFT highlights that good tourism practices provide a means of legitimate livelihood to people living around tiger reserves.

(d) According to TOFT if it were not for tourism bringing economic value to the forest area, it would be “sacrificed for mining, farming or industry”.

(e) (iii) significant        (f) (i) preservation          (g) (iii) safety             (h) (ii) option

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