The lesson My Childhood give good detail of My Childhood Memories. It can be considered as my childhood story. It is well explained through Introduction, Message, Theme, Title, Characters, Summary in English, Summary in Hindi, Word meanings, Complete lesson in Hindi, Extracts, Long answers, Short answers, Very short Answers, MCQs and much more.
By- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
IMPORTANT PASSAGES FOR COMPREHENSION
Read the following passages and answer the questions given at the end of each :
I was one of many children–a short boy with rather undistinguished looks, born to tall and handsome parents. We lived in our ancestral house, which was built in the middle of the 19th century. It was a fairly large pucca house, made of limestone and brick, on the Mosque Street in Rameswaram. My austere father used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries. However, all necessities were provided for, in terms of food, medicine or clothes: In fact. I would say mine was a very secure childhood, both materially and emotionally.
(i) What does Abdul Kalam say about his parents?
(ii) Where was Abdul Kalam’s house situated?
(iii) When was his ancestral house built?
(iv) Which words show that Abdul Kalam’s father was an austere man?
(v) Which word in the passage means ‘unnecessary”?
(i) He says that his parents were tall and handsome.
(ii) His house was situated on Mosque Street.
(iii) His ancestral house was built in the middle of the 19th century.
(iv) He used to avoid all inessential comforts and luxuries.
The Second World War broke out in 1939 when I was eight years old. For reasons I have never been able to understand, a sudden demand for tamarind seeds erupted in the market. I used to collect the seeds and sell them to a provision shop on Mosque Street. A day’s collection would fetch me the princely sum of one arena. My brother-in-law Jallaluddin would tell me stories about the War which I would later attempt to trace in the headlines in Dinamani. Our area, being isolated, was completely unaffected by the war. But soon India was forced to join the Allied Forces and something like a state of emergency was declared.
(i) When did the Second World War break out?
(ii) How old was Abdul Kalam when the Second World War broke out?
(iii) What thing rose. in sudden demand after the Second World War broke out?
(iv) When was a state of emergency declared?
(v) Find words in the passage which mean the same as :
(a) exploded (b) bring.
(i) The Second World War broke out in 1939.
(ii) He was eight years old.
(iii) It was the demand for tamarind seeds.
(iv) A state of emergency was declared when India was forced to join the Allied Forces.
(v) (a) erupted (h) fetch.
Every child is born, with some inherited characteristics, into a specific socio-economic and emotional environment, and trained in certain ways by figures of authority. I inherited honesty and self-discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness and so did my three brothers and sister. I had three dose friends in my childhood—Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan. All these boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. As children, none of us ever felt any difference amongst ourselves because of our religious differences and upbringing.
(i) Who is the writer of this passage?
(ii) What did the writer inherit from his father?
(iii) What did he inherit from his mother?
(iv) Who were the three friends of the writer?
(v) Find a word in the passage which means ‘breeding’.
(i) Sh. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is the writer of this passage.
(ii) He inherited honesty and self-discipline from his father.
(iii) He inherited faith in goodness and kindness from his mother.
(iv) His three friends were: Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan.
One day when I was in the fifth standard at Rameswaram Elementary School, a new teacher came to our class. I used to wear a cap which marked me as a Muslim, and I always sat in the front row next to Ramanandha Sastry, who wore a sacred thread. The new teacher could not stomach a Hindu priest’s son sitting with a Muslim boy. In accordance with our social ranking as the new teacher saw it, I was asked to go and sit on the back bench. I felt very sad, and so did Ramanadha Sastry. He looked utterly downcast as I shifted to my seat in the last row. The image of him weeping when I shifted to the last row left a lasting impression on me.
(i) How did the teachers know that the writer was a Muslim?
(ii) In which class was the writer studying at that time?
(iii) What did the teacher ask the writer to do?
(iv) What was its effect on Ramanadha Sastry?
(v) Find words from the passage which mean the same as :
(a) completely (b) line.
(i) The writer was wearing a Muslim cap.
(ii) At that time he was studying in the fifth standard.
(iii) The teacher asked him to go to the last bench.
(iv) Ramanadha Sastry was disappointed and started weeping.
(v) (a) utterly (b) row.
One day, he invited me to his home for a meal. His wife was horrified at the idea of a Muslim boy being invited iodine in her ritually pure kitchen. She refused to serve me in her kitchen. Sivasubramania lyer was not perturbed, nor did he get angry with his wife, but instead, served me with his own hands and sat down beside me to eat his meal. His wife watched us from behind the kitchen door. I wondered whether she had observed any difference in the way I ate rice, drank water or cleaned the floor after the meal. When I was leaving his house, Sivasubramania lyer invited me to join him from dinner again the next weekend.
(i) Whose wife is referred to here?
(ii) Why was she horrified?
(iii) What did Sivasubramania lyer do?
(iv) From where did lyer’s wife watch them?
(v) Find a word from the passage which means ‘disturbed’.
(i) The wife of Kalam’s science teacher is referred to here.
(ii) She was horrified at the idea of a Muslim boy eating in her kitchen.
(iii) He served Abdul Kalam with his own hands.
(iv) She watched from behind the kitchen door.
The first casualty came in the form of the suspension of the train halt at Rameswaram station. The newspapers now had to be bundled and thrown out from the moving train on the Rameswaram Road between Rameswaram and Dhanuskodi. That forced my cousin Samsuddin, who distributed newspapers in Rameswaram, to look for a helping hand to catch the bundles and, as if naturally, I filled the slot. Samsuddin helped me earn my first wages. Haifa century later, I can still feel the surge of pride in earning my own money for the first time.
(i) What was the first casualty of war?
(ii) Who was Samsuddin?
(iii) What forced Samsuddin?
(iv) Why did the writer feel pride?
(v) Find a word from the passage which means ‘stopping temporarily’.
On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups. However, my science teacher Sivasubramania lyer, though an orthodox Brahmin with a from conservative wife, was something of a rebel. He did his best to break social barriers so that people from varying backgrounds could mingle easily. the lie used to spend hours with me and would say, ••Kalam, I want you to develop so that you are on par with the highly educated people of the big cities.”
(i) What does the writer say about the society of Rameswaram?
(ii) What was the name of his science teacher?
(iii) In what way was his science teacher a rebel?
(iv) How did his science teacher want Kalam to develop in life?
(v) Find a word from the passage which means ‘revolutionary’.