Many and Much Grammar

By | March 11, 2019

Adjectives in English have a special place. There is a vast study of Adjectives. Understanding adjective meaning is not difficult with edumantra. Here we provide all adjective rules and adjective words that are used in the adjective exercise. With the help of some adjective examples, we will provide adjectives worksheets and adjectives quiz that will explain how to use adjectives in a sentence and how some examples of adjectives into adverbs. This page tells how Many and Much are used as adjectives and pronouns. To study adjectives grammar learn the adjectives definition and find the adjectives kinds and adjective and be full of knowledge-

Many and Much (adjectives and pronouns)

(A)  many and much

 many (adjective) is used before countable nouns.

much (adjective) is used before uncountable nouns:

  • He didn’t make many mistakes.
  • We haven’t much coffee.

They have the same comparative and superlative forms more and most:

  • more mistakes/coffee
  • most men/damage

many, much, more, most can be used as pronouns:

He gets a lot of letters but she doesn’t get many.

You have a lot of free time but I haven’t much.

more and most can be used quite freely, and so can many and much, with negative verbs (see above examples).

 But many and much with affirmative or interrogative verbs have restricted use.

(B) many and much with affirmative verbs

many are possible when preceded (i.e. modified) by a good/a great and both are possible when modified by so/as/too.

  • I made a good many friends there.
  • He has had so many jobs that…
  • She read as much as she could.
  • They drink too much (gin).

When not modified, many, an object or part of the object, is usually replaced by a lot/lots of (+ noun) or by a lot or lots

(pronouns).

much, an object or part of the object is usually replaced by a great/good deal of (+ noun) or a great/good deal (pronouns):

  • I saw a lot/lots of seabirds. I expect you saw a lot too.
  • He spends a lot/lots of/a great deal of money on his house.

As subject or part of the subject, either many or a lot (of) etc. can be used, but much here is normally replaced by one of the other forms. much, however, is possible in formal English:

  • Much will depend on what the minister: says.

 Compare negative and affirmative sentences:

  • He hasn’t won many races.
  • You’ve won a lot/lots of races or You’ve won a lot of
  • You’ve won a great many (races).
  • He didn’t eat much fruit.
  • She ate a lot/lots of fruit/a great deal of fruit or
  • She ate a lot/a great deal.

(C) many and much with interrogative verbs

 Both can be used with how:

  • How many limes? How much?

In questions where how is not used, many are possible, but a lot (of) etc. is better when an affirmative answer is expected:

  • Did you take a lot of photos? I expect you did.

 much without how is possible but the other forms are a little more usual:

  • Did you have a lot of snow/much snow last year?

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