Ch-2 Forest and Wildlife Resources Page wise NCERT Solution

By | August 14, 2018

Complete NCERT Book Page wise Solution Class 10th as per Latest CBSE Syllabus

Geography 

Chapter-2  Forest and Wildlife Resources

 The following page provides you NCERT book solutions for class 10 social science, social science class 10 notes in pdf are also available in the related links between the texts.

Question 1. Multiple choice questions.

 (i)Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?

a.Agricultural

b.Large scale developmental

c.Grazing and fuel wood

d.Rapid industrialisation and

(ii)Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?

a.Joint forest management

b.Beej Bachao Andolan

c.Chipko Movement

d.Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

Answer: (i) (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection (ii)(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

 Question 2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.

Animals/PlantsCategory of existence
Black buckExtinct
Asiatic elephantRare
Andaman wild pigEndangered
Himalayan brown bearVulnerable
Pink head duckEndemic

Answer:

Animals/PlantsCategory of existence
Black buckEndangered
Asiatic elephantVulnerable
Andaman wild pigEndemic
Himalayan brown bearRare
Pink head duckExtinct

 Question 3. Match the following.

Reserved forestsother forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.
Protected forestsforests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources.
Unclassed forests 

forest lands are protected from any further depletion.

 Answer :

Reserved forestforests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources.
Protected forests 

forest lands are protected from any further depletion.

Unclassed forestother forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.

 Question 4. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i)What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

(ii)How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna?

Answer:

(i)Biodiversity is immensely rich in wildlife and cultivated species, diverse in form and function, but closely integrated in a system through multiple networks of inter-

It is important for human lives because the human beings, along with the biodiversity, form a complete web of ecological system in which we are only a part and are very much dependent on this system for our own existence.

(ii)Several human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna and has led to decline in India’s The main factors responsible for this damage are:

1.Habitat destruction: Mainly due to over population leading to expansion of agriculture, mining, industrialisation and urbanisation and consequent wiping out of large forest

2.Hunting and poaching: Illegal trade of animal skin, tusk, bones, teeth, horns, etc have lead many species to the verge of

3.Environmental pollution: Poisoning of water bodies and atmosphere due to discharge of industrial effluents, chemicals, wastes, leading to animal deaths.

4.Forest fires: It often induced by shifting cultivation wiping out valuable forests and

5.Large scale development projects and destruction of

6.Grazing and fuel wood

7.Over-exploitation of forest products

Other important causes of environmental destruction are unequal access, inequitable consumption of forest resources and differential sharing of responsibility for environmental well-being.

Question 5. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i)Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?

(ii)Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife

Answer:

(i)Indian forests are home to different These communities have a complex relationship with their environment. Contribution by these communities towards the protection of forest and wildlife ca ne explained as given below:

 1.The Mundas and the Santhal of Chhota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees; the tribals of Orissa and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango

2.The Bishnois of Rajasthan hold the antelopes in high For these communities, particular flora and fauna are integral to their identity, so they take a number of steps to protect the same. Villagers around the Sariska Reserve have opposed mining activities in the region as these activities endanger wildlife. Villagers in the Alwar district of Rajasthan have banned hunting and lumbering activities in a 1200 hectare area they have marked as Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’. Such activities have helped preserve patches of virgin forest land.

3.The ‘Chipko Movement’ in Uttaranchal has successfully resisted cutting of trees as forest are the home to different communities and hilly people.

(ii)Good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife are

 1.Nowadays, many non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public awareness for conserving depleting forest cover and vanishing

2.Central and state governments in India have set up national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in

3.A recently developing practice towards conservation is the search for different conservation measures. Biodiversity is the new by-word of good practices towards conserving forest and

4.Various communities, especially in tribal areas, who are dependent on forests for their living are now taking an active role in this form of

5.Involving mass media to highlight the problems associated with environmental

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.