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The greatest enemy of mankind, as people have discovered is not science, but war. Science merely reflects the social forces by which it is surrounded. It is found that when there is peace, science is constructive when there is war, and science is perverted to destructive ends. The weapons which science gives us do not necessarily create war; these make war increasingly more terrible. Until now, it has brought us to the doorstep of doom. Our main problem, therefore, is not to curb science, but to stop the war- to substitute law for force, and international government for anarchy in the relations of one nation with another. That is a job in which everybody must participate, including the scientists. But the bomb of Hiroshima suddenly woke us up to the fact that we have very little time. The hour is late and our work has scarcely begun. Now we are face to face with this urgent question: “Can education and tolerance, understanding and creative intelligence run fast enough to keep us abreast with our own mounting capacity to destroy?” That is the question which we shall have to answer one way or the other in this generation. Science must help us in the answer, but the main decision lies within ourselves.
1. An appropriate title for the passage would be
(a) Science and the new generation
(b) Science and social forces
(c) Science and the horrors of war
(d) Science and world peace
2. According to the author, the real enemy of mankind is not science but war, because
(a) science during wars is so destructive.
(b) science merely invents the weapons with which war is fought.
(c) the weapons that science invents necessarily lead to war.
(d) the weapons invented by science do not cause war, though these make it more destructive.
3. War can be stopped, if
(a) weapons invented by science are not used to launch a war.
(b) science is restricted to be utilized only during wartime.
(c) science is not allowed to lead us to utter destruction.
4. According to the writer, the main problem we are faced with is to
(a) prevent scientists from participating in destructive activities
(b) abolish war
(c) stop scientific activities everywhere
(d) stop science from reflecting social forces
5. Our mounting capacity to destroy can be kept under control by
(a) encouraging social forces
(b) education and broadmindedness
(c) insight and constructive thinking
(d) Both (b) and (c) together
6. The expression “bring to the doorstep of doom “means
(a) lead to the threshold of a new destiny
(b) introduce to an unpredictable destiny
(c) canny close to death and destruction
(d) induct in a ruinous activity
7. Which of the following is opposite in meaning to the word ‘anarchy’ as used in the passage?
(a) Law and order (b) Economic prosperity
(c) Political dominance (d) Communal harmony
8. The phrase ‘our work has scarcely begun’ implies that our work
(a) has not yet begun (b) has begun but not yet completed
(c) has only just begun (d) has been half through
9. The expression ‘keep us abreast’ in the passage means
(a) prevent from escaping
(b) hold out a challenge
(c) keep at a side
(d) keep side by side
10. Which of the following statements is not implied in the passage?
(a) Science is misused for destructive purposes.
(b) Neither science nor the weapons it invents add to the horrors of war.
(c) People needlessly blame science for war.
(d) The role of science in ensuring world peace is subsidiary to that of man.
1. (c) 2. (d)
3. (d) 4. (b)
5. (d) 6. (c)
7. (a) 8. (c)
9. (d) 10. (b)