153. Reading Skills Comprehension: Adversity

By | July 12, 2021


Read the following passage and answer the following questions:

Like it or not, adversity is part of life. It can be one of the biggest hurdles in the course of life.

Problems, large and small, present themselves to us throughout life. Regardless of how clever, or happy-go-lucky we are, we will encounter challenges, difficulties and at times, heart-wrenching moments. Is this meant to be a negative assessment of what we have to look forward to? In fact, thank goodness for adversity! Learning to deal with and overcoming adversity is what builds character. Every challenge and every difficulty successfully confronted in life strengthens our will, confidence and ability to conquer future obstacles. “Adversity has the effect of drawing out strength and qualities of a man that would have lain dormant in its absence.”

When you respond positively to your challenges, the qualities of courage and the strength of character emerge. Of course, since we are human, it is very easy to get caught up in self-pity. When we do, we fail to recognize the opportunities for wisdom and growth that accompany adversity. However, as soon as we allow ourselves to think more clearly, we are able to let go of negative thoughts and get down to the business of dealing with what’s before us.

Adversity is part of life. To avoid or resist will only make it persist. Wherever you see in the world there is an unmistakable struggle. There are floods, tsunamis, wars, and calamities of all types. Even within your own circle of family and friends, there is loss and tragedy. Although pain is inevitable, suffering is optional. So what do you do? Before adversity hits, work on cultivating emotional strength, courageously. When you understand that certain difficulties are inevitable, you can prepare yourself mentally for confronting adversity head-on. It would be no different from a warrior going to battle fully prepared physically and mentally for any possibility. When you’re prepared for the worst, the worst never happens. Another invaluable inner resource is faith that everything will work out; and that “this too shall pass.”                                                                                                                                

 On the basis of your reading of the above passage answer the questions that follow:

(a)Adversities are an inseparable part of our life. Mention some examples.

 (b) Adverse moments do bring in something positive. Justify your views by way of some examples.    

 (c) How can suffering be optional when pain is inevitable?                              

(d) What do you understand by, “this too shall pass”?                                       

(e) What is meant by the word, ‘resist’? (Para 4)

(i) temptation            (ii) avoid                   (iii) deny                  (iv) oppose              

(f) What is meant by the word, ‘adversity’? (Para 1)

 (i) misfortune           (ii) difficulty             (iii) encouraging     (iv) disapproval       

(g) Synonym for the word, ‘calamity’ is _____(Para 4)

 (i) problem               (ii) discomfort          (iii) disaster              (iv) denial                 

(h) Antonym for the word, ‘dormant’ is _(Para 2)

 (i) quite                   (ii) active                    (iii) ineffective           (iv) useless              


(a) Some examples of adversity could be flood, famine, poverty, loss and loss of a job.

(b) If a person loses his/her job, he/she can learn how to manage money

(c) When one develops the emotional strength to deal with adverse suffering is optional.

(d) It means that the good and the bad times are phases of life permanent.

 (e) (iv) oppose; (f) (i) misfortune; (g) (iii) disaster; (h) (ii) active

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