Article on Population Explosion in India | Causes and Effects

Article on Population Explosion in IndiaIndia is a country with an increasingly young population and the world’s second-largest population. India’s growing population has brought many benefits, but experts say it also will present some challenges.

Write an article for a newspaper on the problem of ‘Population Explosion’ in India. In your article you should touch upon: 
(i) meaning of population explosion, 
(ii) causes of this population explosion, 
(iii) why the growth of population should be checked, 
(iv) various steps needed to check the growth, and 
(v) development of medical science can help in family planning.

Ans:-                                                    POPULATION EXPLOSION

Meaning of Population Explosion

The population explosion refers to the rapid increase in the world’s human population over the past few centuries. This has resulted in a significant rise in both the number of people and the density of population. In 1800, the world’s population was just over 1 billion people. By 1900, this figure had increased to more than 2 billion. By 2000, it had reached 5 billion people. And by 2050, it is projected that there will be more than 7 billion people on planet Earth!

Causes of Population Explosion


There are a number of reasons for the population explosion, but the primary cause is that more people are choosing to have children than ever before.  And this is happening in countries all over the world.
More Women in the Workforce- People are getting married later in life, and there are more women in the workforce than ever before. This means that they can support a family on their own, which is why so many people are choosing to have children.
Fertility Rates Good Medical Facilities- Another reason for the population explosion is that fertility rates are going down in some parts of the world, but they’re going up in other parts of the world.  This means that there’s a lot of new growth happening throughout the world, which is contributing to the population explosion.
Immigration – Immigration has recently become a huge factor in the growth of the population. The increase in immigrants means that there are more people to support the growing number of babies.
Immigration also helps to reduce poverty rates and unemployment rates, which can help improve the quality of life for people living in certain areas. In addition, immigrants bring new ideas and cultures with them, which can create new opportunities for businesses and industries.

A few more factors of population Explosion are-

  • The decline in child mortality rates
  • Improved sanitation and hygiene conditions
  • Rising incomes and increased access to education and healthcare
  • A global increase in fertility rates

Why the Growth of Population Should be Checked

The UN has identified nine key reasons why the growth of population should be checked:
1) It could lead to overconsumption, leading to environmental degradation and social unrest.
2) It can create pressure on resources, leading to conflicts over access to land, water and food.
3) It can increase vulnerability to disasters such as floods, hurricanes and earthquakes.
4) It can increase demand for health care, education and other social services, exacerbating socioeconomic inequalities.
5) It can strain infrastructure – including roads, schools and hospitals – at a time when they are already under increasing pressure from increased demand for goods and services.
6) It can lead to increased poverty and inequality, as well as deterioration in human health and well-being.
7) It can contribute to climate change if people have more children than they can support.

Various Steps Needed to Check the Population Growth

Causes of Population Explosion

To determine if a population is growing, census data must be analyzed and compared to previous censuses. Population growth can also be determined by measuring the number of births and deaths. The World Bank provides estimates of population growth for selected countries.
1. Collect census data: This information can be found in the annual report of the United States Census Bureau or from national statistical offices around the world.
2. Compare data: Make sure that the data collected in one census corresponds with data collected in previous censuses. If there have been changes in the population, compare the current numbers to those from earlier censuses to determine how much has changed.
3. Measure births and deaths: To measure population growth, you need to know how many babies were born and how many people died during a given time period. This information can be found in national statistical offices or from health departments.

Role of Science in Family Planning

Role of Science in Family Planning

Science is playing an important role in family planning for many years. Many of the methods and devices used today were first developed through scientific research.
For example, the birth control pill was initially developed as a treatment for epilepsy.Today, scientists continue to develop new methods of contraception and abortion.
They also work on ways to improve family planning services overall. This is important because having fewer children can help reduce pollution, save resources, and improve global sustainability. Moreover, family planning can help prevent some forms of population explosion.
Additionally, by avoiding unintended pregnancies, women who use contraception can avoid getting pregnant during the earliest stages of cancer development. This could potentially lead to a cure for cancer also

Article on Population Explosion’ in India- 200 Words

 Article on Population Explosion' in India- 200 Words

The population of India is increasing at a very fast rate. We can call it ‘population explosion’. It is very harmful to the country. At present, the population of our country is more than 105 crore. Control over disease is one of the causes of this fast increase. Medical science has made great progress. Powerful drugs have been invented. We have better medical services. There are no epidemics now. The fear of disease has almost ended. So death by disease, famine or flood is a thing of the past now. It is good that the death rate has decreased. But we should check the birth rate also. We must take steps to control the fast growth of our population. People should be dedicated to the need for family planning. They should be educated about the advantages of small families. The most important task before the nation is to check the growth of the population.
 It is never possible for any father to bring up a large number of children well and properly. He can’t supply all their needs. He can’t give them a good education. Thus he spoils not only his own life but also the future of his children. A big family is a curse not only for an individual but also for the nation.
It is not at all difficult to restrict the size of one’s family. It merely requires a bit of confidence and will power. One must come out of the shell of worn-out ideas and customs. Medical science has come to the help of a man in planning his family.

Article on Population Explosion in India 400 + words

What is population explosion?

In the late 1940s, the world’s population was around 2.6 billion. Today, it is more than 7.6 billion. That is an increase of almost 300%. This rapid population growth is often referred to as population explosion. The main drivers of population growth are increasing life expectancy and declining fertility rates. In developed countries, life expectancy has increased dramatically due to advances in medicine and improvements in living conditions.
At the same time, fertility rates have declined due to increased access to contraception and women’s education and empowerment. The combination of these factors has led to a situation where the world’s population is growing at an unprecedented rate. The United Nations estimates that the world’s population will reach 9.8 billion by 2050. This rapid growth presents several challenges, including food security, climate change, and water scarcity.

Causes of population explosion

1. Lack of family planning: In many parts of the world, couples do not have access to contraception or information about family planning, leading to larger families and higher birth rates.
2. Poverty: Poverty can lead to larger families as people try to have as many children as possible in hopes that some will survive to adulthood and be able to provide for them.
3. Lack of education: Women who are not educated about their reproductive health or who do not have access to quality healthcare are more likely to have larger families.
4. Gender inequality: In many societies, women do not have the same rights as men and are often not able to make decisions about their own reproductive health. This can lead to higher birth rates.
5. Poor maternal health: Women who are in poor health are more likely to experience complications during pregnancy and childbirth, which can lead to higher infant and maternal mortality rates.
6. Child marriage: Child marriage is a major contributor to high birth rates in many parts of the world. Girls who marry young are more likely to become pregnant at a young age and have little control over their own fertility.
7. Teenage pregnancy: Teenage girls are more likely than older women to experience pregnancy-related complications, which can lead to higher infant and maternal mortality rates.
8. Conflict and displacement: Conflict and displacement can lead to population increases as people flee their homes in search of safety. 

Effects of population explosion

1. Increased demand for resources: With more people come more mouths to feed and more bodies to clothe. This increase in demand can lead to shortages of essential resources, such as food and water.
2. Environmental degradation: More people also mean more pollution and a greater strain on the environment. This can cause problems such as climate change, loss of biodiversity and soil erosion.
3. Social unrest: When resources are scarce and living conditions are poor, it can lead to social unrest and even conflict. This is particularly true in areas where there is already tension or where different groups are competing for the same resources.
4. Poor health: Overcrowding and unsanitary conditions can lead to the spread of disease. This is particularly problematic in developing countries where healthcare is not as readily available.
5. Economic instability: Population growth can put a strain on a country’s infrastructure and resources, leading to economic instability. This can make it difficult for a country to provide for its citizens, which can in turn lead to further social unrest.

The effects of population growth on the environment

As the world’s population continues to grow, so does the demand on resources like water, food, and energy. This increased demand can lead to environmental problems like pollution and habitat loss. Population growth can have several negative effects on the environment. As the population grows, so does the demand for natural resources like water, food, and energy. This increased demand often leads to environmental problems like pollution and habitat loss. 
For example, as the demand for water increases, so does the amount of water pollution. More people also mean more trash and waste, which can lead to problems like littering and overflowing landfills. And as the demand for food increases, some farmers may clear more land to grow crops, which can lead to deforestation and loss of habitat for wildlife. 
Fortunately, there are things we can do to help reduce the negative impact of population growth on the environment. For example, we can use less water by fixing leaks and watering our plants during the cooler hours of the day. We can also reduce our food waste by composting or donating unwanted food to local shelters or food banks. And we can help preserve habitats by supporting organizations that work to protect land and wildlife.

The effects of population growth on the economy

The effects of population growth on the economy are far-reaching and complex. Population growth can impact the economic well-being of a region in several ways, including through its effect on labor supply and demand, human capital, infrastructure, and environmental resources. The interplay between population growth and the economy is complex, and economists are still debating the extent to which population growth is a driver or constraint of economic development. 
Nonetheless, population growth does have important implications for the economic well-being of a region. Population growth can impact the economy through its effect on labor supply and demand. A growing population can lead to an increase in the labor force, which can in turn lead to higher economic output and incomes.
However, if the population grows too rapidly, it can put strains on the labor market and lead to unemployment. Population growth can also impact the economy through its effect on human capital. A growing population can lead to an increase in the number of people with the skills and education needed to drive economic growth. Conversely, a declining population can lead to a skills shortage and impede economic development. 
Infrastructure is another key area where population growth can have an impact on the economy. A growing population will require more roads, schools, hospitals, and other infrastructure to support it. This increased demand can lead to higher costs and lower productivity if not managed properly. Finally, population growth can also impact the economy through its effect on environmental resources. 

How to control population explosion

There are many ways to control population explosion. One way is to promote family planning and reproductive health. This can be done through education and awareness programmes that help people understand the importance of family planning and how it can help reduce the rate of population growth. Another way to control population explosion is to improve economic conditions. 
This can be done by creating more jobs and providing higher wages. When people have better economic opportunities, they are less likely to have large families. Improving living conditions is another way to control population growth. When people have access to clean water, sanitation, and healthcare, they are less likely to have large families.
This is because they know their children will be more likely to survive and thrive in these conditions. Finally, it is important to reduce poverty. Poverty creates a cycle of poor health, low education levels, and large families. When we break this cycle by reducing poverty, we can help reduce the rate of population growth.


It’s no secret that the world’s population is growing at an alarming rate. In 1950, there were approximately 2.5 billion people on earth. Today, that number has more than tripled to 7.6 billion. And according to some estimates, the world’s population could reach as high as 10 billion by 2050. With so many people already struggling to get by, it’s hard to imagine how we will accommodate this growth without major problems. The truth is, we need to start making some changes now if we want to avoid a population crisis in the future.

People Also Ask:

1.What is population explosion in India?
Ans: The population explosion in India is the result of a combination of factors such as improved medical facilities, increase in life expectancy, decrease in mortality rate, increase in birth rate, and immigration. The population explosion has led to overcrowding, environmental degradation, and other problems.

2.What causes population explosion in India?
Ans: The population explosion in India is caused by a variety of factors. The most important factor is the high birth rate. Other factors include poverty, lack of family planning, and poor medical care. The high birth rate is largely since many families want a son. In addition, poverty means that families cannot afford to space out their children. As a result, the population continues to grow at an unsustainable rate.

3.What are the 3 causes of population explosion?
Ans: There are three main causes of population explosion: improved medical care, increased food production, and improved living conditions. These factors have led to a decrease in death rates and an increase in life expectancy. As a result, the world’s population has exploded.

4.What are the main problems of population explosion in India?
Ans: The main problems of population explosion in India are a lack of jobs, a lack of access to education and healthcare, and environmental degradation.

Related Posts