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SOP – Standard Operating Procedures
SOP Full-Form refers to Standard Operating Procedures. The SOP is a set comprising step-by-step instructions that are compiled by a professional organization for the purposes of helping workers in carrying out regular operations. SOPs are targeted at achieving a quality output, efficiency, and uniformity of performance and concomitantly minimizing failure of compliance and miscommunication.
The usage of the term is prominently found in military organizations. In the field of clinical research, ICH (which stands for the International Council for Harmonisation) elaborates on the SOPs as a set of written instructions put down in detail and for the purposes of achieving efficiency in the performance of a particular function. They usually get applied in studies relating to pharmaceutical.
Another application of the same is with triage when there are limited resources which are used to determine the order of treatment of patients. SOPs help in the documentation of procedures, segregation of origins, various cause and effects, etc. The Study Director is majorly responsible for overseeing compliance with SOPs. The Quality Assurance Units are those individuals who are tasked with the responsibility of monitoring whether or not the study tests and reports comply with the SOP. SOPs also facilitate the employees with a reference important to common business practices, tasks, or activities.
Fresh recruits make use of an SOP for answering questions without any interruption from supervisors as to how an operation is conducted. The International Quality Standard, ISO 9001, basically mandates the ascertainment of processes applicable to any manufacturing process affecting the overall quality of the product. SOPs are extensively used in providing assistance in cases of work safety. They are often known as the Safe Work Methods Statements (Abbreviated as SWMS) and are generally preceded by several modes of evaluating jobs or tasks to be done in a workplace such as job safety analysis, etc.