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LLM – Master of Laws
The abbreviation or full form of LL.M. is Legum Magister
Additional information about LLM full form, abbreviation & meaning
LL.M. is a master degree in law which is commonly known as “Master of Laws”. LL.M. is an acronym which means “Legum Magister” in Latin. A candidate is eligible to pursue Masters in Law only if he is holding an undergraduate academic law degree, or a professional law degree, or an undergraduate degree in a related subject. In a few jurisdictions, the “Master of Laws” is the basic professional degree for admission into legal practice.
LLM Full-Form refers to Master of Laws. LLM is a postgraduate degree program that is pursued by those who have completed an undergraduate law degree program or an undergraduate degree program in a related subject. In some jurisdictions across the world, the LLM is referred to as the fundamental professional degree for entering into legal practice. In India, LLM is regarded as an important degree program, though it is not mandatory for a person who wishes to practice as a lawyer. Many students upon the completion of the undergraduate law course enroll themselves with the Bar and start practicing, however, the prospects of joining an LLM course is not saddening too.
Some of the reputed universities that offer LLM courses are the National Law School of India (abbreviated as NLSIU), University of Delhi, Indian Law Institute, and University of Mumbai. The minimum qualifying criterion is the successful completion of under graduation in law from a duly recognized University. There are myriad LLM programs available in India, facilitating students to concentrate on almost every field of law. Many universities provide only a small number of LLM programs. LLM degree programs include banking law, criminal law, bankruptcy law, entertainment and media law, estate law, human rights law, intellectual property law, law and economics, maritime law, patent law, social care law, etc.
Historically, an LLM degree is an element commonly found in English-speaking nations and is based on the differentiation between the Master’s and Bachelor’s degree. Over the last decade, LLM programs have become extensively popular, especially where the Bologna process is not fully enforced. In countries such as Norway, Cyprus, Switzerland, Sweden, and Denmark, LLM is a must in order to become a lawyer. As of the year 2014, Spain requires an LLM degree apart from a four years’ degree in order to become a lawyer. In Finland, an LLM degree is regarded as a standard degree mandatory for practicing law.
Types of LL.M. degrees – A wide range of LL.M. programs are available worldwide, in order to encourage the students to focus on almost any area of law. Few of the areas in which LL.M. degrees are available are listed below –
- Tax law
- Bankruptcy law or financial services law
- Environmental law
- Patent law
- Human Rights law
- Social care law
- Commercial law
- Intellectual property law
- Information Technology law