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WWW — World Wide Web
WWW Full-Form refers to the World Wide Web. WWW is an internet servers’ system that supports documents as well as other web resources that are established by URLs, is accessible using the Internet and are interlinked through hypertext links. Tim Berners-Lee, an English scientist, invented the WWW in the year 1989. He wrote the first browser in the year 1990. He called it the Web. The WWW is written in the lower case letters when utilized attributively, like in the web technology, web search, web server, web browser, web user, web traffic, and website and in the web page.
The terms ‘World Wide Web’ and ‘Internet’ are different. The term ‘The Internet’ represents an international network of interconnected computers. On the other hand, the WWW is basically an international collection of resources that are linked using URLs and hyperlinks. The web resources are accessed through the HTTP. HTTP is among the most commonly used communication protocols of the Internet.
In order to view a web page on the WWW, the user can either type the page’s URL into the web browser or can follow a hyperlink to that resource or page. This is followed by the web browser initiating communication messages in the background for fetching and displaying the requested page. The majority of the web pages include hyperlinks to other web pages. They may also contain links to additional web sources like definitions, source documents, and downloadable files. An example of a hyperlink is:
A collection of resources, which are interconnected with each other, uses hypertext links is called an information web.
Standards of WWW
There are numerous technical specifications, formal standards, and software that are used for defining the operations of the various aspects of the information exchanged between computers, the Internet and the World Wide Web. The W3C or the World Wide Web Consortium has provided many of these standards. The IETF or Internet Engineering Task Force and other organizations have also contributed to producing some documents.
There are certain publications that are regarded as foundational while discussing web standards. The first publication is the recommendations from the W3C for markup languages like XHTML and HTML. These recommendations help in defining the interpretation as well as the structure of the hypertext documents. The second publication includes the
There are certain other publications that have provided definitions of technologies that are used in WWW. These publications are the URI and HTTP. The URI or Uniform Resource Identifier is a universal system that contains referencing resources. These resources include images and hypertext documents. The HTTP or Hypertext Transfer Protocol specifies the authentication procedures adopted by the server and browsers for authenticating each other.
Individuals having disabilities can access the web using alternative formats and mediums. Those having neurological, speech-related, auditory, cognitive, physical, or visual disabilities can use accessibility features easily. They can also help those that are suffering from temporary disabilities like a broken arm. The web can be used not only for providing and receiving information but also for social interactions. According to W3C, web accessibility is essential for providing equal opportunity to the disabled people.
In many nations, regulation of the web accessibility forms an essential requirement for all websites. The W3C Global activity ensures that web technology functions in all cultures, scripts, and languages. Unicode was first introduced in the year 2005, and by the year 2007, it surpassed the Western European and ASCII as the most utilized character encoding on the web.