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NIT — National Institute of Technology
NIT Full-Form refers to National Institute of Technology. NITs are essentially a group of elite centrally funded public engineering institutes established in India. Along with the Indian Institutes of Technology (abbreviated as HTs), the NITs have also been declared as the Institutes of National Importance by virtue of a Parliamentary Act. Such institutes garner special recognition and substantial funding from the Central government. The administration of the NITs is governed by the NIT Council. There are 31 NITs in the country and all of them centrally funded.
NITs are among the highest-ranking institutes in the country and presently have one of the lowest admission rates about 2-3 per cent after the HTs in the country. Admissions to the B.Tech courses in NITs is by means of one of the highly competitive examinations in the world, the Joint Entrance Examination (abbreviated as JEE) Mains. From the year 2015, the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (abbreviated as JoSSA) organizes the common counselling and allots seats jointly with the HTs. NITs provide degree courses at all three levels, that is, bachelors, masters and the doctoral levels in different branches of technology and engineering.
All NITs are independent institutions that allow them to establish their own courses and curriculum. In the early years of foundation, NITs were called the Regional Engineering Colleges (abbreviated as RECs) and were functional under the state governments. In the year 2002, the Ministry of Human Resources Department announced that it would upgrade all the RECs to the present NITs. The change was on the lines of the IITs. NITs have been established to promote diversity and intellectual growth in the community.