Clauses and phrases is a unique chapter to read to learn English Grammar which is read under the chapter clauses in English grammar. Here we are providing you with clauses definition, clauses meaning, and all types of clauses and some clauses examples with clauses exercises. This includes main clause examples with clauses and phrases exercises and worksheet. So don’t think what is clause and phrase, simply dive intoclauses grammar and have fun of learning-
A clause is a group of words which forms a part of a sentence. It has a subject and a predicate :
He is a man who has much wealth.
If you work hard, you are sure to succeed.
Kinds of Sentences
(b) Compound and
(a) Simple Sentence: It consists of a single subject and a single predicate. e.g.. She is intelligent.
(b) Compound Sentence: It consists of two or more co-ordinate or independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction, such as and, but, therefore, however, yet, not only but also etc.
e.g.. We took a bath and then had our lunch.
(c) Complex Sentence: It consists of a main or independent clause and one or more subordinate clause (s).
e.g., I met his sister who is a doctor.
Kinds of Clauses
1.Main/Principal/Independent Clause :
It is a group of words including a Subject and a Predicate, and it does not depend on any other clause for its meaning:
I know, it.
2. Subordinate Clause:
It is a group of words which does not express a complete thought. It is normally introduced by a Subordinate Conjunction or by a Relative Pronoun.
Kinds of Subordinate Clauses
(a) Noun Clause
(b) Adjective Clause
(c) Adverbial Clause
(a) Noun Clause: It does the function of a noun, as,
I know what you want.
She says that she is happy.
(b)Adjective Clause: An Adjective Clause does the work of an Adjective. i.e., it qualifies a noun or a pronoun: as,
He found the dog which he had lost.
God helps those who help themselves.
(c)Adverb Clause: An Adverb Clause does the work of an adverb; as,
We will leave as soon as we are ready.
Walk fast lest you should miss the train.
How to find a Clause:
(a)Noun Clause: Answer the question What.
I know that you will stand first. (What ?)
(b) Adjective Clause: Answers who, which, whose.
The man in the white coat is a doctor.
(c)Adverb Clause: Answer the question when, where, why, how, etc.
Though he worked hard, he failed. (Why?)