Complete NCERT Book Page wise Solution Class 10th as per Latest CBSE Syllabus
Chapter- 7 Outcomes of Democracy
The following page provides you NCERT book solutions for class 10 social science, social science class 10 notes in pdf are also available in the related links between the texts.
Question 1. How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?
Answer : Accountable:
- A democracy makes sure that people will have the right to choose their rulers.
- Whenever possible, citizens should participate in the decision-making process. This is known as transparency.
- Therefore, the most basic outcome of democracy is that it produces a government that is accountable to citizens and is responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.
- There is one aspect in which the democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives.
- That is, a democratic government is a legitimate government.
- It may be slow, less efficient but it is the people’s own legitimate government.
- People wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them.
- They also believe that democracy is suitable for their country and their problems would be attended to.
- Democracy’s ability to generate its own support is itself an outcome that cannot be ignored.
Question 2. What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?
Answer : Democracies accommodate social diversities when it is well understood that democracy is not just the rule of the majority, and that the rule of the majority is not just the rule of a single religious or social community.
In India different caste groups as well as weaker section are given proper representation. They are given reservation in government jobs and education. Democracy also ensures that the government is not formed by majority and has the representation of minorities as well.
In this way, democracy accommodates social diversity as it not only takes the interest of majority but it also takes care of the interests of weaker sections.
Question 3. Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:
(i)Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become
(ii)Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different
(iii)Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and
(iv)In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and
Answer: (i) Industrialised countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich. This statement is incorrect as can be seen from the examples of India and Zimbabwe. In 1947, India was included in the Third World nations, but now, it is one of the fast-growing economies in the world. On the other hand, Zimbabwe, which was a fairly prosperous nation, has run into huge international debt with the progression of Robert Mugabe’s regime.
(ii)This statement is It is right that democracy gives equal opportunity to all the section of the society. That is why it is necessary that there should be less inequality in democracy. But the present day is quite different from the reality. It is so because in a democracy, we cannot stop any one from earning more. Everyone gets equal opportunity to earn. Difference lies in the opportunity that one is earning more and the other less. Hence, democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.
(iii)Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and This is not a wise option as in poor countries, the people cannot afford health and education services. Besides of becoming an assets for the country, people will become burden on their country.
(iv)In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and This is not true as conflict can be eliminated only in an ideal situation. In real democracies, though every person has one vote, there are divisions among the people. In a democracy, inequality, social injustice, social disparity, economic injustice prevail in the society. Major group of the society will also try to dominate the minority of the society. In this type of condition, conflicting situation will also prevail in the society.
Question 4. Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations:
(i)Following a High Court directive a temple in Orissa that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits allowed entry for all from the same door.
(ii)A large number of farmers are committing suicide in different states of
(iii)Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been
Answer: (i) The challenge to democracy in the first statement is to provide equal status to all its citizens in spite of their caste. For this, central government assures that all the state government should not allow any type of untouchability. If any one tries to do so then he should be given severe punishment under the law of Untouchability Offense Act of 1955.
(ii)The challenge to democracy in the second instance is providing farmers with subsidies which will help them to earn profits and have a satisfactory level of livelihood.
(iii)The challenge to democracy is to preserve the people’s trust in government arms like the police.
Question 5. In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct – democracies have successfully eliminated:
A..conflicts among people
B.economic inequalities among people
C.differences of opinion about how marginalized sections are to be treated
D.the idea of political inequality
Answer : D. the idea of political inequality
Question 6. In the context of assessing democracy which among the following is odd one out. Democracies need to ensure:
A.free and fair elections
B.dignity of the individual
D.equal treatment before law
Answer : C. majority rule
Question 7. Studies on political and social inequalities in democracy show that
A.democracy and development go
B.inequalities exist in democracies .
C.inequalities do not exist under
D.dictatorship is better than
Answer: B. inequalities exist in democracies