Adjective Rules & Error Spotting

Adjectives in English have a special place. There is a vast study of Adjectives. Understanding adjective meaning is not difficult with edumantra. Here we provide all adjective rules and adjective words that are used in the adjective exercise. With the help of some adjective examples, we will provide adjectives worksheets and adjectives quiz that will explain how to use adjectives in a sentence and how some examples of adjectives into adverbs. To study adjectives grammar learn the adjective’s definition and find the adjectives kinds and adjective and be full of knowledge-

ERRORS IN THE USE OF ADJECTIVES

What is an Adjective?

An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun or a pronoun, e.g. a beautiful flower, a hot day, the best boy, etc.

Points to be kept in mind in the use of adjectives:

Adjectives:

  • Beautiful is used for woman; handsome for man. e.g. He is a handsome youth. She is a beautiful girl.
  • Less refers to quantity, fewer denotes number. e.g. He takes no less than a litre of milk. They have fewer books than I have.
  • Last is the final one; Latest is last up to the present. e.g. Z is the last letter of the alphabet. This is the latest edition of the book.
  • Each is used for one of two or more things, each is used for more than two things, taken as a group. e.g. Each of the two boys was wrong. He read every book I gave him.
  • Older refers to persons or things. e.g. This tree is older than that. Elder refers to persons only. e.g. He is my elder brother.
  • Little means ‘not much’. A little means ‘at least some’. e.g. He slept little. He slept a little.
  • Farther means ‘more distant’. Further means ‘additional’ e.g. Bombay is farther than Delhi. I shall get further information.
  • Latter means the second of two things. Keats and Byron are romantic poets, but I prefer the latter. Later refers to time. She came to school later than me.

Rules:-

Rule 1:  Generally an adjective is placed before the noun it qualifies, for example, an intelligent girl, a large house, a good boy.

Exceptions: 

  • Sometimes, an adjective is placed after a noun when it is enlarged by some qualifying phrase or clause: This is a room big enough for our use.
  • When several adjectives are attached to a noun: There lived a man, pious, intelligent and kind.
  • When an adjective has used the title of a great man: Napolean,  the great.
  • In a few well-known phrases: heir apparent; time immemorial; God Almighty, court-martial, etc.

Wrong: This book is enough good for me.

Right: This book is good enough for me.

Wrong: The Great Akbar was a Mughal king.

Right: Akbar, the Great was a Mughal king.

Rule 2:  Adjectives like a junior, senior, inferior, superior, etc. are followed by ‘to’ not ‘than’:

Wrong: Mohan is junior to Sohan.

 Right: Mohan is junior to Sohan.

Wrong: Your coat is inferior to my coat.

 Right: Your coat is inferior to my coat.

 Rule 3: Use comparative degree for two and superlative degree for more than two:

Wrong: This is the best book of the two.

Right: This is a better book of the two.

 Wrong: He is the more intelligent boy in the class.

Right: He is the most intelligent boy in the class.

Rule 4: There is no comparative or superlative degree of the following adjectives as they possess qualities to the utmost possible extent: unique, eternal, triangular, weekly, monthly, ideal, entire, etc.

Wrong: This is a more complete picture of the situation.

Right: This is a complete picture of the situation.

 Wrong: He is the most unique person.

 Right: He is a unique person.

Rule 5: ‘Little’ and ‘few’ have a negative meaning and mean ‘almost nothing’. ‘A little’ and ‘a few’ have a positive meaning and mean ‘some’. ‘Little’ is used for quantity and `few’ is used for number:

Wrong: There was little water in the pitcher so I drank it.

 Right: There was a little water in the pitcher so I drank it.

Wrong: There were a few boys in the class, so the teacher went away.

 Right: There were few boys in the class, so the teacher went away.

Rule 6: The adjectives ending in —ior (prior, junior, senior, superior, inferior, posterior) take ‘to’ and not ‘than’ after them.

  • He is senior to me.
  • This book is superior to that book.

Rule 7: Some adjectives like unique, ideal, perfect, extreme, complete, universal, infinite, perpetual, chief, entire, round, impossible are not compared.

Wrong: It is the most unique book. 

Right:- It is a unique book 

 Rule 8: Comparative degree is comparing two things or persons. e.g. It is the better of the two books. The superlative degree is used in comparing more than two things or persons.

  • He is the best of the three boys.

Rule 9: Double comparatives and double superlatives must not be used.

Wrong: He is wiser than his brother.

Right: He is wiser than his brother. 

 Rule 10: When we compare two qualities in the same person or thing, the comparative ending —er is not used.

Wrong: You are wiser than old. 

Right: You are more wise than old. 

 Rule 11: When two adjectives in the superlative or comparative degree are used together, the one formed by adding ‘more’ or ‘most’ must follow the other adjective.

Wrong: He is more intelligent and wiser than his brother. 

Right: He is wiser and more intelligent than his brother. 

 Rule 12: When two adjectives with differing degrees of comparison are used they should be complete in themselves.

Wrong: He is as wise, if not wiser than his brother. 

Right: He is an as wise brother. 

Rule 13: When two changes happen together, the comparative degree is used in both.

  • The higher you go, the cooler you feel.

Rule 14: When the comparative degree is used in a superlative sense,

Wrong:  it is followed by any other’ Kapil is better than any bowler. 

Right:  Kapil is better than any other bowler. 

 Rule 15:  The compound adjective formed by adding worth’ is placed after the noun it qualifies.

Wrong:- This is worth seeing the sight.

Right: This is a sight worth seeing. 

 Rule 16:  When two or more comparatives are joined by ‘and’, they must be in the same degree.

  • Russel was one of the wisest and most learned men of the world.

Rule 17: When there are two objects of comparison, then to avoid repetition of a noun, ‘that’ is used for singular noun and ‘those’ for a plural noun.

Wrong: The debate of Randi is better than Gaya. 

Right: The climate of Ranchi is better than that of Gaya. 

 Rule 18: If the comparison is made by using ‘other’, ‘then’ is used instead of ‘but’.

  •  He turned out to be no other than my old friend.

Rule 19: Likely, certain and sure are followed by ‘to’.

  • He is likely to win. We are sure to need help. Confused

Some More Examples: