The Queen : The Queen of Brobdingnag was a very affectionate and kind lady. She bought Gulliver from the farmer. She kept him in her palace. She liked him very much. Besides Gulliver, she also had a dwarf.
The King : The king was a learned person. He was educated in the study of philosophy and mathematics. He talked to Gulliver about the people, religion, laws of European countries. Compared with himself, he considered the people of other countries contemptible as insects.
The dwarf: The dwarf was very mischievous. He felt jealous of Gulliver who had become the favourite of the queen. He played tricks on Gulliver to embarrass him.
This chapter throws light on Gulliver’s life in the royal palace. He is loved and liked by the queen and the king. But the dwarf, kept by the queen, plays tricks on him out of jealousy.
As a result of the strain of frequent public exhibitions arranged by the farmer, Gulliver’s health declined. In the meantime reports of these exhibitions reached the royal palace. The queen became curious to see Gulliver. When she saw Gulliver, she desired to possess him. She paid the farmer one thousand pieces of gold and bought Gulliver.
When the queen showed Gulliver to her husband the king, he was not very happy. The king was a learned mart. He wondered how a man of Gulliver’s size could exist. He could also not believe Gulliver’s account of himself, and how he came to that country.
Unable to understand the mystery, the king sent for three great scholars. They gave different theories regarding the existence of Gulliver. All of them agreed on one point that Gulliver could not have been produced according to the regular laws of nature. They concluded that Gulliver was a freak.
On Gulliver’s request the farmer’s daughter was allowed to look after him in the palace. Gradually, the queen, too, developed a liking for Gulliver. She could not dine without Gulliver’s presence by her side. She was amused to see Gulliver eating tiny bits of food. While she herself could chew a whole bird between her teeth. The bird would be nine times as large as a turkey in England.
Gradually, the king too became interested in Gulliver’s talks. Gulliver about the people, religion, laws of European countries. The king commented that human grandeur must indeed be contemptible if it could be claimed by such insects as Gulliver.
The queen had also a dwarf. This dwarf now began to feel envious of Gulliver whom the queen liked more. One day the dwarf played a trick. Due to this Gulliver fell into a bowl of cream. Again on another time the dwarf thrust Gulliver s body into a big bone.
There was another cause of annoyance. There were many flies, very big in size. They hummed about Gulliver’s ears. One day the dwarf caught many flies and released them near Gulliver’s nose. Moreover, the wasps, as large as the partridges, hummed very loud near him. All these things troubled Gulliver.
Very Short answer type questions and answers
Q.1. Why did Gulliver’s health decline ?
Ans. Gulliver had to undergo much strain during public exhibition. So his health declined.
Q.2. On being purchased by the queen how did Gulliver feel ?
Ans. Gulliver felt very happy.
Q.3. On which point did the three great scholars agree?
Ans. They agreed on the point that Gulliver could not have been produced according to regular laws of nature.
Q.4. Who looked after royal palace?
Ans. The farmer’s daughter was asked to come to the palace and look after Gulliver. This was done on Gulliver’s request.
Q.5. How big were the wasps there?
Ans. They were as big as the partridges.
Short answer type questions and answers
Q.1. How did Gulliver enter the royal palace?
Ans. The queen heard about the exhibitions held in different towns. She was filled with a desire to see Gulliver. When she saw him, she wanted to possess him. So she bought Gulliver from the farmer. This is how Gulliver entered the palace.
Q.2. Why did the king not believe the account of Gulliver ?
Ans. The king was a learned person. He knew mathematics and philosophy. He had a logical mind. He could not believe Gulliver’s account because it seemed to him improbable.
Q.3. Describe the Queen’s fondness for Gulliver.
Ans.The Queen, gradually, became so fond of Gulliver that she could not dine without Gulliver’s presence. When she took her meals, she asked Gulliver to sit near her and take meals. She enjoyed watching him taking tiny bites.
Q.4. What two tricks were played by the dwarf on Gulliver?
Ans. One day the dwarf played a trick on Gulliver. It made him fall into a bowl of cream. On another occasion the dwarf thrust the whole body of Gulliver in a bone from which the marrow had been extracted.
Q.5.How did the flies torment Gulliver?
Ans. The flies, which were quite large in size, hummed and buzzed about Gulliver’s ears. Once the dwarf caught a number of flies and released them near Gulliver’s nose. Gulliver felt very upset.