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Sample Question Paper 2018-19
SOCIAL SCIENCE– Class — IX
Full Term Exam Set- 5- (Solved)
Maximum Marks: 80 Time 3 hours
(I)There are 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks for each question are indicated against the question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short Answer type Questions. The answer these questions should not exceed 30 words limit. Each question carries one mark.
(iv) Question from serial number 8 to 18 is 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v)Question from serial number 19 to 25 is 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B) 26 (A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attaches the map inside your answer book.
1. Who wrote ‘The Forests of India’, Vol. II’? (1)
Ans. E.P. Stabbing.
2. Where was the Blandongdiensten System was introduced? (1)
Ans. The Blandingdinesen System was introduced in Java.
3. What is the latitude of the Southernmost point of the Indian mainland? (1)
Ans. 8.4’ N.
4. Which river is known as ‘Dakshin Ganga’? (1)
Ans. The Godavari river is known as Dakshin Ganga.
5. When was Wildlife Protection Act implemented in India? (1)
6. Who is the head of the government? (1)
Ans. The Prime Minister.
7. Give one example of the working capital? (1)
Ans. Raw material.
8. Describe the life of Guajardo Bakarwals? (3)
Ans. Gujjar Bakarwals of Jammu and Kashmir are great herders of goat and sheep. In winter, when the high mountains were covered with snow, they lived with their herds in the low hills of the Siwalik range. The dry scrub forests here provided pasture for their herds. By the end of April, they began their northern march for their summer grazing grounds Several households came together for this journey, forming what is known as Kafila They crossed the Pir Panjal passes and entered the Valley of Kashmir. With the onset of summer, the snow melted and the mountain sides were lush green. By the end, September the Bakarwals were on the move again, this time on their downward journey, back to their winter base. When the high mountains were covered with snow, the herds were grazed in the low hills.
9. What was the role of Philosophers in the French Revolution?
Ans. The ideas of envisaging a society based on freedom and equal laws and opportunities for all were put forward by philosophers such as John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau. In his ‘Two Treaties of Government’, Locke sought to refute the doctrine of the divine and absolute right of the monarch.
Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. In ‘The Spirit of the Laws’, Montesquieu proposed a division of power’ within the government between the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. The American constitution and its guarantee of individual rights was the as important example for political thinkers in France.
10. Distinguish between Hangar and Khaddar? (3)
|(i)||The old alluvial soil is called Hangar…||The new alluvial soil is called Khaddar|
|(ii)||It is found away from the river basin.||It is found near the river basin.|
|(iii)||It is less fertile and it contains calcareous deposits locally known as Kankar.|
|It is very fertile and fine-grained.|
11. Mention any three steps taken by the government of India to protect the flora fauna.
Ans. (i) Various biosphere reserves have been set up in various parts of India. For example Nilgiri and Nanda Devi, Nokrek, Manas etc.
(ii) 103 National Parks, 535 Wildlife sanctuaries and Zoological gardens are set up to take care of natural heritage.
(iii) Project Tiger, Project Rhino, Project Great Indian Bustard and any other each developmental projects have been introduced.
12. “India has diverse climatic conditions.” Support this statement by giving example each of temperature and precipitation.
Ans. (i) In summer, the mercury occasionally touches 50°C in some parts of the Rajashthan desert, whereas it may be around 20° in Pahalgam in Jammu and Kashmir. On a winter night, a temperature at Dress in Jammu and Kashmir may be as low as minus 450C Thiruvananthapuram, on the other hand, may have a temperature of 22°C.
(ii) While precipitation is mostly in the form of snowfall in the upper parts of Himalayas it rains over the rest of the country. The annual precipitation varies from over 400 cm in Meghalaya to less than 10 cm in Ladakh and Western Rajasthan. Most part of the country receives rainfall from June to September. But some parts like the Tamil Nandu coasts get a large portion of its rain during October and November.
13. “Very few election commissions in the world have such wide-ranging powers as the Election Commission of India.” Illustrate.
Ans. In our country elections are conducted by an independent and very powerful Election Commission. It performs many functions:
(i) EC takes decisions on every aspect of conduct and control of elections from the announcement of elections to the declaration of results.
(ii) It implements the code of conduct and punishes any candidate or party that violates it.
(iii) During the election period, the EC can order the government to follow some guidelines, to prevent use and misuse of governmental power to enhance its chances to win elections, or to transfer some government officials.
14. What is an electoral roll? Write two qualifications of a voter in India. (3)
Ans. It is the list of those citizens who are eligible to cast their votes in an election. It is also known as the voters’ list. The following are some qualifications of a voter:
(i) All the citizens aged 18 years and above are eligible to cast their votes in an election.
(ii) His/her name should be given in a voters’ list.
15. “The scope of rights has expanded in recent times.” Explain. (3)
Ans. Over the years the scope of rights has expanded.
(i) From time to time, the courts gave judgments to expand the scope of rights. Certain rights like the right to freedom of the press, right to information, and the right to education are derived from Fundamental Rights.
(ii) School education has become a right for Indian citizens. The governments are responsible for providing free and compulsory education to all children upto the age of 14 years.
(iii) Parliament has enacted a law giving the right to information to the citizens. This act was made under the Fundamental Right to freedom of thought and expression. We have a right to seek information from government offices.
16. What are the various activities are undertaken in the primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector? (3)
Ans. Primary sector: Agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, animal husbandry etc.
Secondary sector: Manufacturing industries.
Tertiary sector: Health, education, banking, insurance, communication, transport, tourism etc.
17. “The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India”. Illustrate. (3)
Ans. The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India. Social groups, which are most vulnerable to poverty are Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe households.
Among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households.
Although the average for people below the poverty line for all groups in India is 22, 43 out of 100 people belonging to Scheduled Tribes are not able to meet their basic needs.
About 34% of casual labour farm in rural areas and 29% of Scheduled Castes are also Poor.
18. Mention the dimensions of food security?
Ans. Food security has the following dimensions:
(i) Availability of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous years stock stored in government granaries.
(ii) Accessibility means the food is within reach of every person.
(iii) Affordability implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.
19. Explain the views of the Socialists on private property with special emphasis on Karl Marx?
Ans. (i) Karl Marx argued that industrial society was ‘Capitalist’. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers.
(ii) The conditions of workers could not improve as long as this profit accumulated by private capitalists.
(iii) Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Marx believes that to free themselves from capitalist exploitation, workers had to construct a radical socialist society where all property was socially controlled. This would be a communist society.
(iv) Marx was convinced that workers would triumph in their conflict with capitalists. A communist society was the natural society of the future.
(v) Socialists had different visions of the future. Karl Marx added ideas to this body of arguments.
20. What were the two social categories in which the Maasai society was divided in the pre-colonial time? In what way did their roles change because of the colonial policies? (5)
Ans. (i) In Maasailand, as elsewhere in Africa, not all pastoralists were equally affected by the changes in the colonial period. In the pre-colonial times, Maasai society was divided into two social categories—elders and warriors.
(ii) The elders formed the ruling group and met in periodic councils to decide on the affairs of the community and settle disputes.
(iii) The warriors consisted of younger people, mainly responsible for the protection of the tribe. They defended the community and organised cattle raids.
(iv) Raiding was important in a society where cattle was wealth. It is through raids that the power of different pastoral groups was asserted.
(v) Young men came to be recognized as members of the warrior class when they proved their manliness by raiding the cattle of other pastoral groups and participating in wars. They, however, were subject to the authority of the elders.
21. Describe the main features of Tropical Deciduous Forests. (5)
Ans. (i) These are the most widespread forests of India. They are also called the monsoon forests.
(ii) They are spread over the region receiving rainfall between 200 cm and 70 cm.
(iii) Trees of this forest type shed their leaves for about six to eight weeks in dry summer.
(iv) On the basis of the availability of water, these forests are further divided into moist and dry deciduous.
(v) Teak, sale, shisham, sandalwood are some important trees of this forest.
22. Mention the provisions of the Constitution which ensure the independence of the judiciary? (5)
Ans. Independence of the judiciary means that it is not under the control of the legislature or the executive. The judges do not act in the direction of the government or according to the wishes of the party in power.
(i) The judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts are appointed by the President in the consultation with other judges. In practice, it now means that the senior judges of the Supreme Court select the new judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts. The senior most judge of the Supreme Court is usually appointed as the Chief Justice.
(ii) Once a person is appointed as judge of the Supreme Court or the High Court it is nearly impossible to remove him or her from that position. A Judge can be removed only by an impeachment motion passed separately by two-thirds members of the two Houses of the Parliament.
(iii) Their salaries are drawn from the Consolidated Fund of India.
(iv) No discussion shall take place in Parliament with respect to the conduct of any judge.
23. Mention some arguments given against Democracy. (5)
Ans. (i) Leaders keep changing in a democracy. This leads to instability.
(ii) Democracy is all about political competition and power-play. There is no scope for morality.
(iii) So many people have to be consulted in a democracy that it leads to delay.
(iv) Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people. It leads to bad decisions.
(v) Democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition.
24. What is the aim of production? State any four requirements needed for the production of goods and services. (5)
Ans. The aim of production is to produce the goods and services we want. This requires four inputs, which are called factors of production:
(i) Land and other natural resources like water, minerals, forests etc.
(ii) Labour for carrying out the production activities.
(iii) Items like machinery, building, tools etc. are called fixed capital. They can be used repeatedly for a long time, while raw material and money in hand are called working capital.
(iv) Human capital is the knowledge and enterprise required to put together all the above inputs to produce the output, which can either be sold in the market or consumed by the person producing the output.
25. What is buffer stock? How does the government use this to ensure food security in the country? (5)
Ans. Buffer stock is the stock of surplus foodgrains procured by the government through FCI from the farmers.
Steps were taken by the governments to ensure food security:
(i) The government procures foodgrains through FCI from the farmers after paying them a pre-announced price for their produce in muumuu support price.
(ii) The FCI has its godowns all over the country It stores the purchased grains in these godowns.
(iii) The food procured by FCI is distributed through government regulated ration shops among the poor sections of the society at a price lower than the market price.
(iv) This also helps to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the periods of calamity
(v) Any family with a ration card can buy a stipulated amount of food grains from the ration shops.
26. (A) On a given map of Europe, two items A and B are shown. Identify these items with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the map. (2)
(A) A country famous for a revolution.
(B) A place famous for the slave trade.
(B) On a given map of India, three regions namely A, B and C are marked. On the basis of given information identify the regions the map. (3)
(A) The place of 37°6′ N latitude
(B) A mountain range
(C) A river.