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Sample Question Paper 2018-19
SOCIAL SCIENCE– Class — IX
Full Term Exam Set- 4- (Solved)
Maximum Marks: 80 Time 3 hours
(I)There are 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks for each question are indicated against the question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short Answer type Questions. The answer these questions should not exceed 30 words limit. Each question carries one mark.
(iv) Question from serial number 8 to 18 is 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v)Question from serial number 19 to 25 is 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B) 26 (A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attaches the map inside your answer book.
1.Who was the author of ‘Historic Trips of a Revolutionary.’? (1)
Ans. Shaunat Usmani.
2.Where was the Imperial Forest Research Institute was set up in 1906? (1)
3.What do you mean by ‘Shiwaliks’? (1)
Ans. The outermost range of the Himalayas is called the Shiwaliks.
4. What are perennial rivers? (1)
Ans. The rivers which have water throughout the year are called perennial rivers.
5. Which is the wettest place on the earth? (1)
6. When did South Africa become a democratic country? (1)
Ans. 26 April 1994.
7. What does HYV stand for? (1)
Ans. High Yielding Varieties.
8. Describe the life of the chiefs appointed by the colonial government. (3)
Ans. The chiefs appointed by the colonial government often accumulated wealth over time. They had a regular income with which they could buy animals, goods and land. They lent money to poor neighbours who needed cash to pay taxes. Many of them began living in towns and became involved in a trade. Their wives and children stayed back in the villages to look after the animals. These chiefs managed to survive the devastations of war and droughts. They had both pastoral and non-pastoral income and could buy animals when their stock was depleted.
9. Describe the condition of poor after the Enclosure movement in England. (3)
Ans. (i) The enclosure movement did not allow the poor to collect firewood, fruits and berries or graze their cattle.
(ii) This movement also caused large-scale displacement of poor and rendered them homeless.
(iii) Being deprived of the customary work, they lost their livelihood. They could not find any secure work.
10.Describe the main features of Adolescent Population in India. (3)
Ans. The most significant feature of the Indian population is the size of its adolescent population It constitutes one-fifth of the total population of India. The adolescent is, generally, grouped in the age group of 10 to 19 years. They are the most important resource for the future Nutrition requirements of adolescents are higher than those of a normal child or adult. But in India, the diet available to adolescents is inadequate in all nutrients. A large number of adolescent girls suffer from anaemia. The adolescent girls have to be sensitised to the problems they confront. Awareness among them can be improved through the spread of literacy and education.
11.Distinguish between Flora and Fauna. (3)
|(i)||The term ‘flora’ is used to donate plants species of a particular region or period.||The term ‘fauna’ is used to denote species of animals.|
|(ii)||About 47000 plants species are found in India.||About 90,000 species of animals are found in India.|
|(iii)||They make their food by the process of photosynthesis.||They cannot make their own food. Some of them are dependent on vegetation and some are dependent on other animals.|
12. Distinguish between advancing monsoon and retreating monsoon. (3)
|Advancing Monson||Retreating Monsoon|
|(i)||Advancing monsoon falls between June and September||Recreation monsoon falls between October and November.|
|(ii)||These winds cause rainfall all over India,||These are dry winds. They cause no rainfall.|
|(iii)||During this period, the low-pressure trough is strong and it attracts the South-West monsoon towards the Ganga Plan.||As the low-pressure trough weakens, it is unable to draw South-West monsoon. The high-pressure area developed in North-West India. So winds move from land to sea.|
13. Mention the methods of the election campaign. (3)
Ans. In our country election campaign takes place for a two-week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling.
(i) During this period the candidates contact their voters.
(ii) Political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilise their supporters.
(iii) Candidates use the print media and electronic media for their election campaign.
14. Write a short note on ‘Right to Freedom of Religion’. (3)
Ans. Right to freedom of Religion provides religious freedom to all the citizens of India. Our constitution declares India a secular state.
Every person has a right to profess, practice and propagate the religion he or she believes in. Every religious group is free to manage its religious affairs. The government cannot compel any person to pay any taxes for the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious institution. There shall be no religious instruction in the government educational institutions.
15. Describe the power of Judicial review. (3)
Ans. The judiciary in India is also one of the most powerful in the world. The Supreme Court and the High Courts have the power to interpret the constitution of the country. They can declare invalid any law of the legislature or the actions of the executive, whether at the union level or at the state level if they find such a law or action is against the constitution. Thus they can determine the constitutional validity of any legislation or action of the executive in the country when it is challenged before them. This is known as the judicial review. The Supreme Court of India has also ruled that the core or basic principles of the constitution cannot be changed by the Parliament.
16. What is the role of health in human capital formation? (3)
Ans. (i) A healthy person can contribute to the growth and development of the economy by doing productive work.
(ii) Only a healthy person can perform to his full potential and can do the work in a more effective manner.
(iii) An unhealthy person becomes a liability for the economy. So the improvement in the health status of a population has been the priority of the government.
17. What are the main features of MNREGA— 2005? (3)
Ans. (i) Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 aims to provide 100 days of wage employment to every household to ensure livelihood security in rural areas.
(ii) It also aimed at sustainable development to address the cause of drought, deforestation and soil erosion.
(iii) One-third of the proposed jobs have been reserved for women. If an applicant is not provided employment within 15 days, he/she will be entitled to a daily unemployment allowance.
18. Give an account of interstate disparities of poverty in India. (3)
Ans. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state in India. Recent estimates show while all India Head Count Ratio (HCR) was 21.9% in 2011-12 states like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, U.P., Bihar and Orissa had above India poverty line. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poverty of 33.7% and 32.6 respectively.
In comparison, there has been a significant decline in poverty in Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and West Bengal.
These states succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural grows rates and focused more on human resource development.
19. What changes were witnessed by the people in everyday life after the revolution 1789 in France?
Ans. (i) One important law that came into effect soon after the storming of the Bastille in the summer of 1789 was the abolition of censorship.
(ii) The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right.
(iii) Newspaper, pamphlets, books and printed pictures flooded the towns of France from where they travelled rapidly into the countryside.
(iv) Freedom of press also meant that opposing views of events could be expressed. side sought to convince the others of its position through the medium of print.
(v) Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large numbers of people.
20. Explain the role of Lenin in the Russian Revolution.
Ans. (1) Lenin was a socialist leader who was against the autocratic rule of Tsar. He felt it time for Soviets to take over power.
(ii) He declared that the war is brought to a close, land be transferred to the peasants, and banks are nationalised. These three demands were Lenin’s ‘April Theses.’
(iii) After the February Revolution of 1917, Lenin was against the Provisional Government because it was controlled by landlords, industrialists and army officials. He brought together different Soviet and prepared them for the Revolution.
(iv) It was under the leadership of Lenin that the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Soviets.
(v) Lenin laid the foundation of Communist State. After the October Revolution, the Bolshevik Party was renamed the Russian Communist Party.
21. Describe the main features of Tropical Evergreen Forests.
Ans. (i) These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall coast. They are at their best in areas having more than 200 cm of rainfall with a short dry season.
(ii) The trees reach great heights up to 60 meters or even above.
(iii) Since the region is warm and wet throughout the year, it has a luxuriant vegetation all kinds—trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a multilayered structure.
(iv) There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves. As such, these forests green all the year round.
(v) Some of the commercially important trees of this forest are ebony, mahogany, rosewood rubber.
22.”Prime Minister is the most important political institution in the country”. Illustrate.
Ans. Prime Minister is the most important political institution in the country. The Prime Minister has wide-ranging powers:
(i) The ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is free to choose ministers, as long as they are members of Parliament.
(ii) He chairs cabinet meetings. He coordinates the work of different Departments.
(iii) He exercises general supervision of different ministers. All ministers work under leadership.
(Iv) The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the ministers. He also has the power to dismiss ministers.
(v) The Prime Minister is the most important leader of the nation. He represents the country.
23. Describe the structure of the Council of Ministers. (5)
Ans. Council of Ministers is the official name for the body that includes all the Ministers. It usually has 60 to 80 Ministers of different ranks:
(i) Cabinet Ministers: Cabinet Ministers are usually top-level leaders of the ruling party or parties who are in charge of the major ministries. Usually, the Cabinet Ministers meet to take decisions in the name of the Council of Ministers. The cabinet is thus the inner ring of the Council of Ministers. It comprises about 20 ministers.
(ii) Ministers of State with an independent charge: They are usually in-charge of smaller ministries. They participate in the cabinet meetings only when specially invited.
(iii) Ministers of States: They are attached to and required to assist Cabinet Ministers.
24.”Increase in unemployment is an indicator of a depressed economy”. Illustrate. (5)
Ans. (i) Unemployment leads to wastage of manpower resource.
(ii) People who are an asset for the economy turn into a liability.
(iii) It induces a feeling of hopelessness and despair among youth.
(iv) Unemployment tends to increase economic overload. The dependence of the unemployed on the working population increases.
(v) The quality of life of an individual as well as of society is adversely affected due to unemployment.
25. What are the major functions of the Food Corporation of India? (5)
Ans. The Food Corporation of India was set up to fulfil the following objectives:
(i) Effective price support operations for safeguarding the interests of the farmers by providing them remunerative prices for their foodgrains.
(ii) Distribution of foodgrains throughout the country through the Public Distribution System.
(iii) Maintaining a satisfactory level of operational and buffer stocks of foodgrains to ensure National Food Security.
(iv) Intervention in the foodgrains market when required for price stabilisation. FCI has played a significant role in India’s success in transforming the crisis management oriented food security into a stable food security system.
26. (A) Two items A and B are shown in the given political outline map of Europe. Identify these items with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the map. (2)
(A) The place which is associated with National Anthem of France
(B) The capital city of France
(B) On a given map of India, three regions namely A, B and C are marked. On the basis of given information identify the regions on the map. (3)
(A) A state having the highest density of population.
(B) A state which receives rainfall more than 400 cams.
(C) A lake.