If you are searching for a website for question papers, you are in the right place. We have everything to satisfy your need. We have sample question paper of social science for class- 9th CBSE with a solution. You may call it CBSE, previous year question paper, model question paper, exam papers, SS question paper, sample paper for class- 9th , CBSE board sample question papers solved, study material, exam preparation, NCERT question paper, CBSE sample paper for class- 9th Social Studies, question bank for class- 9th test sample paper, sample paper of social science for class- 9th with solution, social science class- 9th important questions, social science model test papers, papers for pre-board , sample papers for board exams, last year question paper of CBSE class- 9th
Sample Question Paper 2018-19
SOCIAL SCIENCE– Class — IX
Full Term Exam Set- 3- (Solved)
Maximum Marks: 80 Time 3 hours
(I)There are 26 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks for each question are indicated against the question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short Answer type Questions. The answer to these questions should not exceed 30 words limit. Each question carries one mark.
(iv) Question from serial number 8 to 18 is 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v)Question from serial number 19 to 25 is 5 marks questions. Answers of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 is a map question. It has two parts 26(A) and 26(B) 26 (A) of 2 marks from History and 26(B) of 3 marks from Geography. After completion attaches the map inside your answer book.
1. Who was the author of ‘The Rebirth of Russia’? (1)
Ans. S.D. Vidyalankar
2. Which event marked the beginning of the French Revolution? (1)
Ans. The storming of the Bastille (the fortress-prison) marked the beginning of the French Revolution.
3. Which type of drainage pattern is made by the Narmada River? (1)
Ans. Trellis pattern is made by the Narmada River.
4. Define ‘Biome’. (1)
Ans. A very large ecosystem on land having the distinct type of vegetation and wildlife is called biome.
5. What is the divergent boundary? (1)
Ans. It is a boundary which is formed when two plates move away from each other.
6. What is ‘Apartheid.’? (1)
Ans. It is a policy of racial segregation under which all people are classified and separated on the basis of race.
7. Name the main production activity of Paramour. (1)
8. Describe the life of Giddy shepherds. (3)
Ans. The Gaddi shepherds of Himachal Pradesh spend their winter in the low hills of Siwalik range, grazing their flocks in the scrub forests. By April, they moved North and spent the summer in Lahul and Spiti. When the snow melted and the high passes were clear, many of them moved onto higher mountains meadows. By September, they began their return movement. On the way, they stopped in the villages on Lahul and Spite, reaping summer harvest and sowing their winter crops.
Then, they descended with their flock to their winter grazing, ground on Siwalik hills. Next April, again they start their March with their animals, to the summer meadows.
9. What were the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels about the capitalists? (3)
Ans. Socialists had different visions of the future. Some believed in the idea of cooperatives. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels added other ideas to this body of arguments. Marx argued that industrial society was ‘capitalist’. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. The condition of the workers could not improve as long as this profit was accumulated by private capitalists. Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property.
Marx believed that to free themselves from capitalists exploitation, workers had to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. This would be a communist society. He was convinced that workers would triumph in their conflict with capitalists. A communist society was the natural society of the future.
10. Mention the main features of the Northern Plain. (3)
Ans. (i) The northern plain has been formed by the interplay of the three major river systems, namely—the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries.
(ii) It spreads over an area of 7 lakh sq. km. The plain being about 2400 km long and 240 to 320 km broad, is a densely populated physiographic division.
(iii) The Northern plain is broadly divided into three sections. The western part of the Northern Plain is referred to as the Punjab Plains. The Ganga plain extends between Ghagger and Teesta rivers.
11. How do human beings influence the ecology of a region? Explain. (3)
Ans. Due to excessive exploitation of the plants and animal resources by human beings, the ecosystem has been disturbed.
The greed of human beings leads to over-utilisation of natural resources. They cut the trees and kill animals, creating an ecological imbalance.
As a result, some of the plants and animals have reached the verge of extinction.
12. What were the main objectives of NPP (2000)? (3)
Ans. The government of India initiated a comprehensive Family Planning Programme in, 1952. The Family Welfare
The NPP 2000 provides a policy framework for imparting free and compulsory school. education up to 14 years of age, reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births, achieving universal immunisation of children against all vaccine-preventable diseases, promoting delayed marriage for girls, and making family welfare a people-centred programmed.
13. “Democracy enhances the dignity of citizens”. Illustrate.
Ans. Democracy is based on the principle of political equality, on recognising that the poorest and the least educated have the same status as the rich and the educated. People are not subjected to a ruler, they are the rulers themselves. Even when they make mistakes, they are responsible for their conduct.
14. Define the word ‘Sovereign’ and ‘Secular.’ (3)
Ans. Sovereign: People have the supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. No external powers can dictate the government of India.
Secular: Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. But there is no official religion. The government treats all religious beliefs and practices with equal respect.
15. What is a ‘nomination process’ of candidates? (3)
Ans. Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Party’s nomination is often called party ‘ticket’.
Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a ‘nomination form’ and give some money as ‘security deposit’. Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of:
(i) Serious criminal cases pending against the candidate;
(ii) Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family;
(iii) Education qualifications of the candidate.
16. How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers? (3)
Ans. Farmers need more money to buy HYV seeds, insecticides, pesticides etc. to produce more foodgrains and other crops. The medium and large farmers have their own savings from farming. Because they have a good surplus crop from their large landholdings which came after using modern methods of farming. They sell this surplus crop in the market and earn saving amount. Then they deposit this amount in the bank account for next season crop and lend some money to small farmers at a very high-interest rate. In contrast, small farmers have to borrow money to arrange the capital. They borrow from large farmers, moneylenders or the traders.
17. “Unemployment has a detrimental impact on the overall growth of an economy.” Illustrate. (3)
Ans. (i) Unemployment leads to wastage of manpower resource. People who are an asset for the economy turn into a liability.
(ii) There is a feeling of hopelessness and despair among the youth. The inability of educated people who are willing to work to find gain full employment implies a great social waste.
(iii) The dependence of the unemployed on the working population increases. The quality of life of an individual as well as of society is adversely affected.
18. “Poverty is a curse upon humanity.” Analyze the statement (3)
Ans. Poverty is a curse on humanity. It is a situation in which parents are not able to send their children to school. It is a situation where sick people cannot afford treatment. It also means the lack of a regular job at a minimum level. It means living with a sense of helplessness. Poor people are in a situation in which they are ill-treated at almost every place, in farms, factories, government offices, hospitals etc.
19. Evaluate the westward expansion of the settlers in the USA. (5)
Ans. The story of agrarian expansion is closely connected to the westward movement of the white settlers who took over the land.
(i) After the American War of Independence from 1775 to 1783, the white Americans began to move westward. The US government committed itself to a policy of driving the American Indians westward, first beyond the river Mississippi and then further west.
(ii) They settled on the Appalachian plateau by the first decade of the 18th century and started exploiting the natural resources. They cleaned larger areas, and erected fences, around the fields.
(iii) When the soil became impoverished and exhausted in one place, the migrants would move further west, to explore new lands and raise a new crop. In subsequent decades this region became a major wheat-producing area of America.
(iv) From the late 19th century, there was a dramatic expansion of wheat production in the USA. It was made possible by new technology. By the early 20th century, most farmers were using combined harvesters to cut grain.
(v) For the poor farmers, machines brought misery. They lost their jobs.
20. Explain the achievements of Napoleon Bonaparte of France.
Ans. In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor of France. Napoleon saw his role as a moderniser of Europe.
(i) He introduced many laws such as the protection of private property and a uniform system of weights and measures provided by the decimal system.
(ii) He promoted trade by building roads and canals.
(ii) He also established a friendly relation with the pope.
(iv) He established ‘Bank of France.’
(v) A new constitution was framed, as a result of which four legislative bodies and three executive bodies were established.
21. ‘Each physiographic region of India complements the others’. Explain this statement. (5)
Ans. A detailed account of the different physiographic units highlights the unique features of each region. It would, however, be clear that each region complements the other and makes the country richer in its natural resources.
(i) The mountains are the major sources of water and forest wealth. They provide us with many perennial rivers which have contributed in the formation of Northern plain.
(ii) The northern plains are the granaries of the country. They provide the base for early civilisations.
(iii) The plateau is a storehouse of minerals, which has played a crucial role in the industrialisation of the country.
(iv) The coastal region and island groups provide sites for fishing and port activities.
Thus, the diverse physical features of the land have immense future possibilities of development.
22. Explain the major powers and functions of the Parliament.
Ans. In all democracies, an assembly of elected representatives exercises supreme political authority on behalf of the people in many ways:
(i) Parliament is the final authority for making laws in any country. Parliaments all over the world can make new laws, change existing laws, or abolish existing laws and make new ones in their place.
(ii) Parliaments all over the world exercise some control over those who run the government.
(iii) Parliaments control all the money that governments have. The annual budget of the Central Government is passed by Parliament.
(iv) Parliament is the highest forum of discussion and debate on public issues and national policy in any country. Parliament can seek information about any matter.
(v) The Parliament can remove the President, the Vice-President, Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court by passing a resolution of impeachment against them.
23. Explain the Right to Equality. (5)
Ans. (i) The constitution says that the laws apply in the same manner to all, regardless of a person’s status. This is the called the rule of law.
(ii) The government shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Every citizen shall have access to public places like shops, restaurants, hotels, and cinema halls.
(iii) All citizens have equality of opportunity in matters relating to employment or appointment to any position in the government.
(iv) The practice of untouchability has been forbidden in any form. The constitution made untouchability a punishable offence.
24. Explain any five effects of unemployment in India. (5)
Ans. (i) The problem of unemployment causes loss of human resources.
(ii) Unemployment deprives a man of all sources of income. Unemployment generates poverty
(iii) Unemployment creates many social problems.
(iv) Unemployment gives birth to political instability in the country.
(v) Labourers are exploited to the maximum possible extent.
25. How has India achieved self-sufficiency in foodgrains since independence? (5)
Ans. (i) India adopted a new strategy in agriculture, which resulted in ‘Green Revolution’ especially in the production of wheat and rice.
(ii) The government has made the provision of buffer stock meant to distribute foodgrains in the deficit areas and among the poorer strata of society at a price lower than the market price.
(iii) Buffer stock also helps to resolve the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather conditions or during the periods of calamity
(iv) The government has made provision of Public Distribution System (PDS).
(v) The government has also initiated other food intervention programmed like Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Food for Work Programmed etc.
26.(A) On a given map of India name and locate the following: (2)
(i) A state in which Dhangar pastoral community is found.
(ii) A state in which Raikas are found.
(B) On a given political outline map of India, three regions namely A, B and C are marked. On the basis of the given information identify the regions of the map. (3)
(A) A type of forest
(B) A bird sanctuary
(C) A mountain range