Three Men in a Boat
To Say Nothing of the Dog
by- Jerome Klapka Jerome
Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 9th as Per CBSE Syllabus
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Journey beyond Marlow
Marlow is a very lively little town. There is a beautiful country round it about too. From Marlow up to Sonning the scene is even more pleasant. Grand old Bisham Abbey is passed on the right bank above Marlow bridge. The friends got up early on the Monday morning at Marlow. They went for a bath before breakfast.
The Nature of a fox-terrier
The narrator liked cats, whereas Montmorency did not. The narrator recalls what happened in the lobby of the Haymarket Stores one day, to show the nature of a fox-terrier like Montmorency. In the store there were many dogs, waiting for a buyer. Then entered a lady with a little fox-terrier. This dog attacked and disturbed all the dogs in the absence of the lady. The lady returned and the dog pretended as if it had been attacked by those savage dogs.
Encounter with a cat
When the friends were returning after a dip, a large black cat appeared. Montmorency ran after the poor cat at full speed. But the cat did not hurry up. It walked and sat down in the middle of the road. The look of the cat was such that Montmorency had to stop and look back at the cat. The cat went away after a while. Montmorency came back. If anybody now says “Cats” to Montmorency, he will only shrink and look up piteously at him, as if to say: “Please don’t.”
A strange procession
The friends did shopping at Marlow, insisting on the shopkeepers to send the things with them then and there. A large procession, with Montmorency and two curs in the lead, George, Harris, some boys, the narrator, etc., proceeded to the river. The friends took up their skiff and resumed their journey. They had a lot of trouble with the steam-launches that wanted uninterrupted passage. The loud voices of the steamers confused the friends.
Tea with river water–
The friends found themselves short of drinking water at Hambledon lock. When George went to bring some water from a lock-keeper’s house, he was asked to take as much as he wanted, pointing to the river behind him. The friends decided to make tea with river water. Boiling the water would be safe. When the tea was ready, a dead dog was seen floating down towards the boat. The dog seemed to the narrator to be floating dreamily on its back contentedly. Only the narrator took some tea: his other friends dared not. The narrator thought he might catch typhoid.
A mishap with Harris
The friends went up the backwater to Wargrave. Half way up the backwater they got out and lunched, sitting in a meadow near the river bank. Harris had a beefsteak pie between his knees, and was carving it. He demanded a spoon. George and the narrator turned to pick up the one. When they looked round again, Harris and the pie had disappeared. They were confused and gazed all about. Then they were frightened to see only Harris’s head sticking from among the tall grass. When Harris came out, he told his friends how he went down a gully covered with long grass He thought George and the narrator had planned it all before.
Montmorency: A fox-terrier, he is quite clever dog. He is averse to cats. One incident of faring a bold cat has been quite embarrassing to him.
The narrator: He is a good observer of the scene. His sense of humour comes out in an imaginary dialogue between a black cat Tom and Montmorency.
Harris: He is always busy with preparing some dish. He is suspicious. When he goes down a gully he blames his friends for it.
The chapter furthers the journey by boat beyond Marlow. It shows the timidness of Montmorency through his encounter with a big cat. Harris’s suspicious nature is also underlined through his slipping down a gully.
जिरोम के विचार में मार्लो सलोना एक ऐसा नगर है जिसमे ऐतिहासिक महत्व के कई प्राचीन स्थल और सुंदर ग्रामीण क्षेत्र है|
मार्लो पुल से आधा मील ऊपर नदी के दायें तट पे बिशम मठ है | एक समय ये क्लीव के एन का घर था | और उसके बाद रानी एलिज़ाबेथ का | इसमें चित्रपट का शयनकक्ष और मोती दीवारों से छुपा हुआ गुप्त कमरा है,कहा जाता है कि अब भी लेडी होली ,जिसने पीट पीट के अपनी पुत्र की जान ले ली थी ,उसका भूत अपने हाथ धोने के लिए रात के समय वहाँ घूमता है | शैली भी मार्लो में रहा था और उसने अपनी प्रसिद्ध कविता ‘ रिवोल्ट ऑफ़ इस्लाम ‘ यही पर रची थी |
मेडमेनहन मठ या नरक अग्नि क्लब ऐसा भ्रातृसंघ था जिसका आदर्श था ‘जो चाहो करो ‘ और यह निमंत्रण मठ के खंडर द्वार पर अब भी विद्यमान है | इस मठ के स्थापित होने से बहुत वर्ष पूर्व इसी स्थान पर एक भिन्न प्रकार का मठ था | उसके भिक्षु उन लोगो की तरह मौज मस्ती करने वाले नही थे जो कि पांचसो वर्ष पश्चात् उनके स्थान पर आये थे | सिस्टर्शिथन भिक्षु जिनका मठ वहां पर १३वीं शताब्दी में था ,वे कपड़े नहीं पहनते थे | वे मोटा कुरता और धोती पहनते थे | तथा मांसहस मछली और अंडा नहीं खाते थे | वे घास फूस पर सोते थे | और अपना दिन परिश्रम, पूजा पाठ में व्यतीत करते थे| वे मौन रहकर ईश्वर की आवाज सुनने की प्रतीक्षा करते थे |
कुत्तों की लड़ाई
जिरोम के विचार में फाक्सटेरियर अन्य कुत्तों की अपेक्षा अधिक दुष्ट होते है | एक बार वह घास मंडी की दुकानों की लॉबी में था | वहां बहुत से कुत्ते शांतिपूर्वक अपने मालिकों के लौटने की प्रतीक्षा कर रहे थे | उनके मालिक अन्दर सामान खरीदने गए हुए थे| वहां कई नस्लों के कुत्ते थे | वहां एक महिला आई और उसने अपने फाक्सटेरियर को बुल्डोग और पूडल के बीच में बाँध दिया | कुछ समय उपरांत फाक्सटेरियर ने बिना किसी के द्वारा उकसाए पूडल की टांग में काट लिया | फिर उसने एक कोली पर धावा बोल दिया | कुत्ते भयंकर रूप से भौंकने लगे और फाक्सटेरियर अपने स्थान पर लौट आया और बुलडॉग के कान पर काट लिया | बुलडॉग ने अंधाधुन्द काटना शुरू कर दिया जबकि फाक्सटेरियर एक यार्क ताइक से लड़ने लगा | अभी तक सभी कुत्ते लड़ने और काटने लगे थे | इस शोर को सुन कर लोगों की भीड़ आ गई और उनको छुड़ाने का प्रयास करने लगी |
इस बीच युवती लौट आई और अपने कुत्ते को झपट कर खींचा और उसे गोद में कास कर उठा लिया | वह बोली की दुकानदारों को शरीफ कुत्तों के बीच खतरनाक कुत्तों को रखने का कोई हक़ नहीं है और वह चली गई |
मोंटमोरेंसी की बिल्ले से भेंट– जिरोम को बिल्लियों से प्यार है परन्तु मोंटमोरेंसी को उनसे नफरत थी | जिरोम इसके लिए उसे दोष नहीं देता क्योंकि वह फाक्सटेरियर था और एस उसका स्वाभाव था |
उस दिन जब वह हाई स्ट्रीट में से जा रहे थे तो एक बड़ा काला बिल्ला किसी के घर से तेजी से आया और सड़क के पार जाने लगा | मोंटमोरेंसी अपने शत्रु को देख कर तेजी से भौंका और तेजी से उसकी ओर भागा | लेकिन बिल्ले ने लोई जल्दबाजी नहीं की | जब कुत्ता उससे गज भर की दूरी पे था तो वह पलटा और सड़क के बीच बैठकर मोंटमोरेंसी को चुपचाप निहारने लगा | वो कुछ देर एक दूसरे को देखते रहे फिर मोंटमोरेंसी दुम दबा के लौट आया और बिल्ला सड़क के बीच धीरे धीरे चलता गया |
भोजन सामग्री खरीदना- जॉर्ज ने सुझाव दिया की उनको सब्ज़ियां खरीदनी चाहिए क्योकि सब्जी नहीं खाना सेहत के लिए अच्छा नहीं है | इसलिए उन्होंने आलू, मटर और कुछ बंदगोभी कह्रीदी | उन्होंने गाय के मांस की पाई, आमले का केक भेड़ का मांस, फल, ब्रेड, केक मक्खन आदि ख़रीदा |
फिर दुकान के नौकर ने सारे सामान को बांधकर नाव पर पहुंचा दिया | जब वो सड़क से नदी की ओर जा रहे थे तो उन्हें लगा की जुलूस निकल रहा था |
भाप से चलने वाली नौकाएं- उस दिन तीनो भाप से चलने वाली नौकाओं से बहुत दुखी हुए वे वहां बड़ी संख्या में थीं | उन्हें उनसे बड़ी नफरत थी और उनका मन करता था की उन्हें नष्ट कर दिया जाये | उन्हें उस आदमी से नफरत थी जो नाव के पिछले भाग में खड़ा सिगार पीता रहता है | भाप से चलने वाली नौका उनको पीछे हटने का संकेत देती है उस दिन उनकी नाव अन्य सभी वाहनों की अपेक्षा भाप चालित नौकाओं के लिए अधिक परेशानी और विलम्ब का कारण बनी थी |
जिरोम तीन महिलाओं के बारे में बताता है जिनके साथ वह नाव में जा रहा था | जब कभी कोई भाप चालित नौका दिखाई पड़ती थी तो वह घब जाती थी | वह नाव से उतरने का आग्रह करती थी और किनारे पर तब तक प्रतीक्षा करती थी जब तक वह नौका दिखाई देनी बंद नहीं हो जाती थी |
नदी का जल पीना- उनके पास हेम्बल्डन में पानी समाप्त हो गया था | वो लोग बाँध के चौकीदार के पास गए और उससे थोडा पानी माँगा | वह बोला की जितना पानी चाहिए ले लें नदी में काफी पानी है | वे बोले की वे नदी का पानी नहीं पी सकते | उस आदमी ने उत्तर दिया की मैं पिछले 15 वर्ष से यही पी रहा हूँ |
फिर, वे दूसरी कुटिया में गए और थोडा पानी ले आये | लेकिन जिरोम का विचार यही था की वह भी नदी का ही जल था ,परन्तु उन लोगों को मालूम नहीं था | उसने विचार प्रकट किया की जो आँख नहीं देखती उससे पेट कह्राब नहीं होता अर्थात (आँखों देखी मक्खी नहीं निगली जाती)
एक बार वो नदी के बहाव के साथ जा रहे थे और उनका घड़ा खाली हो गया था | वे चाय पीना चाहते थे | हेरिस बोला की पानी उबालने से कीटाणु मर जाते हैं इसलिए उन्होंने अपनी केतली उस नदी के पानी से भर ली और चाय बनाई | जॉर्ज और हेरिस अभी चाय पीने ही वाले थे की उन्होंने एक मरा हुआ कुत्ता पानी में बहता हुआ देखा | जॉर्ज और हेरिस ने चाय नहीं पी| जिरोम ने आधी चाय पी ली थी, परन्तु वह सोचने लगा की उसे पानी नहीं पीना चाहिए था |
हेरिस का गायब होना- वो भोजन करने के लिए घास के मैदान में रुके|हेरिस ने एकबीफस्टिक अपनेघुटनों के बीच में पकड़ रखी थी और उसे कार रहा था| उसे एक चम्मच की ज़रुरत पड़ी जॉर्ज और जिरोम ने चम्मच लेने के लिए पीछे देखा तो लेकिन जब उन्होंने वापस देखा तो हेरिस और पाई दोनों गायब हो चुके थे उन्हें बहुत धक्का लगा और उलझन में पद गए | उनकी समझ में नहीं आया की वो पांच सेकंड्स में कहाँ गायब हो गया फिर उन्होंने हेरिस का सर लम्बी घास से बाहर निकलते हुए देखा | हेरिस एक छोटी सी खाई के किनारे पर बैठा हुआ था जो घास में छुपी हुई थी थोडा सा पीछे झुकने पर वो उसमें गिर गया | वह कीचड में सना हुआ गालियाँ बकता हुआ बाहर निकला | उसे लग रहा था की उसे कीचड में गिराने की योजना जॉर्ज और जिरोम की थी |
Marlow is one of the pleasant centers along an account of its historical importance and natural beauty. The friends had a pleasant night at Crown, and woke up fresh in the morning. The narrator thinks Marlow is a pleasant town with rich history and beautiful natural beauty. He recollects that once he had gone to Haymarket where he witnessed a row between various breeds of dogs, started by a fox-terrier. He doesn’t blank Montmorency for his tendency to row with cats but wished he had not started on the morning he had taken him for a walk in Marlow.
However it looked as if Montmorency wasn’t finished for the day, for in the street he had an encounter with the most disreputable cat whose facial expression sent shivers in the dog, that he quietly backed out. Before departing from Marlow the friends bought few food items, and the narrator regards that as one of their greatest success for they had such a lot of things that they had to use extra pair of hands—man and animal, to carry their possessions towards the boat. About a mile from Marsh Lock, the friends received a shock. It so happened that Harry gripped the beefsteak pie between his knees and was carving it when he asked for a spoon. The writer and George moved round to take a spoon out of the hamper but when they look around again, Harris and the pie were gone. They got worried and turned to search the place where he was last and froze when they saw Harris’ head sticking bold upright among the tall grass. He was very angry and blamed the writer and George.
Actually, Harris was perching on the verge of a small gully which it was hidden with a long grass and when he turned a little back, he had fallen into the gully. He believed and accused that it was cor spiracy hatched by the writer and George.
Answer the following questions in short:
1)What is Jim’s opinion about fox-terriers?
Ans. The writer thought that fox-terriers are worse four times than other dogs.
2)Why did Montmorency shrink with fear by the name of “Cats”?
Ans. Once Montmorency had picked up a fight with a large black tom (a he cat), a very strong animal who just waited for Montmorency to come to it with a look that said, “Yes! you want me?” Montmorency retreated and allowed that cat to continue his walk. From that day, the word ‘Cats!’ made him shrink with fear.
3)What all things were things brought by the three friends before leaving Marlow?
Ans. Before leaving Marlow, they filled up their boat with vegetables weighing more than ten pounds.
4)Why did the writer think he might have typhoid?
Ans. The three friends had no water left in their jar. They wanted tea so they took water from the river, boiled it and prepared tea. All of them sat to drink it. But George and Harris paused with their cups halfway to their lips whereas the writer had emptied half his cup. When they saw a dog who eased up into the river water, the writer was worried whether he might have typhoid.
5)Why do you think Harris believed that his friends have brought him in trouble?
Ans. Harris had been sitting, without knowing it, on the very verge of a small gully. He asked George and Jim to give him a spoon to help the gravy with. Meanwhile he tumbled down into the gully. He blamed George and Jim for doing it deliberately and bringing him in trouble.
1.Describe the event that took place in the lobby of Hay-market stores.
Ans. One day, in the Hay-market stores lobby, different types of dogs were waiting peacefully and patiently for their owners who were busy in shopping. A lady came and tied up her fox-terrier between a bull dog and a poodle. The fox-terrific bit the fore leg of the poodle. The puddle cried loudly and suddenly all the dogs started fighting. There was a pandemonium and terrific din all around. When the situation became more grim police was called. Montmorency had a fight with a long and strong tom cat. After that day Montmorency fears cats.
2.Describe the humour in the friends shopping before they left Marlow.
Ans. They did their shopping after breakfast and stored up the boat for three days. On the advice of George they bought vegetables– ten pounds of potatoes, a bushel of peas and a few cabbages. Then they got a beefsteak pie, a couple of gooseberry tarts, a leg of mutton, fruits and cakes, bread and butter, jam, bacon and eggs. They had insisted all the shops they had been, to send the things with them then and there. By the time they finished, they had a fine collection of boys with baskets following them to the river. It looked like a procession. The three friends and several boys were going towards their boat loaded with baskets, hamper, bag, coats, rugs, hats bulged out Gladstone bag and bottle of lime-juice etc. The scene looked very funny and humorous procession.
3.Describe the event that happened with Harris when he was carving the beefsteak pie.
Ans. When Harris was carving the beefsteak, George and Jim were waiting with their plates ready. Harris asked them for a spoon to help the gravy with. They both turned to the hamper for a spoon. After five seconds when they looked round again, Harris and the pie were gone. They found him invisible and imagined about various places where he might have gone or what might have happened to him. Actually he had been sitting, without knowing it, on the very verge of a small gully, the long grass hiding it from view; and in leaning a little back, he had fallen into it with pie. Harris believed that George and Jim had done it deliberately.
4.What advice did the friends get at Hambledon Lock? What difficulty they found in admitting it?
Ans. The three friends found themselves short of water at Hambledon lock, so they took their jar and went up to the lock keeper’s house to beg for some water. The lock keeper said that they could have as much as they wanted. They thanked him and asked where it was, then he replied, in the same place just behind them. They turned and saw the stream an realized that he meant the river water. But they were reluctant and so they got some water from a cottage. Still they thought it too might be river water. They were not ready to admit the lock keeper’s advice for fear of falling ill by drinking river water.
5.How was the small boat of three friends more annoying and aggravated then steam launches or all other crafts on the river put all together?
Ans. The writer and his friends did not like steam launches. They disliked the blatant confidence of a steam launch that arouses jealousy in their minds. The writer disliked seeing the man standing with his hands in his pocket, by the stern, smoking a cigar. He feels insulted by their lordly whistle for smaller boats to get out of their way. He says that their small boat (during that week) caused more annoyance and delay to the steam launches than all the other crafts put together. The writer wishes their boat to be directly in the way of the launch. The launch would whistle like a mad, people on board would shriek but for nothing. Then with one final shriek of a whistle, the launch would swing around and get aground.
Give a brief character sketch of Jim as you read this chapter.
Ans. Jim, the writer, becomes poetic while passing through the historical places. He also gives us a brief of anecdotes about important places. We realise that he is a lover of scenery. He says that ‘God has made this sweet spot so bright’. His love for nature and pleasure is revealed when he passed an adverse comment on the life of monks who lived in the abbey “a grim life.” He disapproves their way of life as they remained silent waiting for a voice from heaven whereas God speaks to us in myriad tones through nature which the monks did not hear. The writer has an indulgent attitude towards the antics of Montmorency and puts the entire blame on his breed– the fox-terries. He describes Montmorency’s encounter with the tom cat with a great sense of humour. He is always ready with a story to support his views.
2.What does the behaviour of two friends on the event of Harris’s disappearance show about their character?
Ans. George and Jim behave in a manner that arouses laughter and humour. They seem not even the slightest worried about Harris rather they are
bent on making fun of him when he fell into the gully. George and Jim gazed all around them but could not find Harris. The writer was surprised–could he have been snatched up by Heaven? To which George replied that they would hardly have taken the pie too and thought there must have been an earthquake. Their shocked eyes came up Harris’s head– sticking bolt upright among the tall grass, the face very red and indignant. George cried, “Speak and tell us whether you are alive or dead-and where is the rest of you?” Actually Harris had been sitting, without knowing it, on the very verge of gully hidden with long grass, and in leaning a little back he had fallen into it along with pie.