Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 10th as Per CBSE Syllabus
Chapter- 5 English Language and Literature
Patol Babu, Film Star
By- Satyajit Ray
Pointwise Summary of the lesson -PATOL BABU – FILM STAR
* Patol Babu lived in Kanchrapara and worked in the railway factory.
* However, due to the war, he lost his nine years old job.
*Then he tried many jobs, he started variety shop but he failed, then worked in a Bengali film but faced some problem with the director. So he left that film then his cousin offered him to join scrap iron business.
* Once when Nishikanto Babu came to Patol Babu, he told him that his brother-in-law Naresh Dutt who works in film business needed a short, bald-headed man of the age fifty for his film. And Nishikanto Babu suggested the name of Patol Babu.
* He accepted the offer of Naresh Dutt, as a role of a pedestrian.
* Next morning he reached the FARADAY HOUSE, his heart was trembling with happiness.
* But the problem was that he was not still given the lines of the dialogue.
* He asked about his lines of the dialogue to the Naresh Dutt.
* And Naresh Dutt told Sosanko and Jyoti to give the lines to the Patol Babu.
* Jyoti tore off a page and wrote something and gave it to the Patol Babu.
* The word “oh” is written on that page.
* Patol Babu became very sad to see his dialogue to just speak the word “Oh” as the line of his dialogue.
* Then a faint memory was stirred up in Patol Babu’s mind.
* It was Mr Pakrashi, Patol Babu’s mentor who said: “Remember one thing Patrol, a however small part you arc offered never consider it beneath your dignity to accept it”.
* He made rehearsals on his dialogue, and speak the word “Oh” in different pitches from high to low.
* And finally he performed well.
* Patol Babu left the place without taking money.
* He would get fifteen to twenty rupees for his small job but he was satisfied so much with his perfection and dedication that he didn’t find any need to get money.
* The central idea of the story is personal satisfaction is more important than financial rewards and accomplishing tasks to perfection gives one a sense of pride and self-esteem.
This story depicts the dreams and aspirations of small limas and the apathy of film people for whom making films is a business. Patol Babu was a middle-aged man of fifty years with a bald head. His neighbour Nishikanta Ghosh informed him that his brother-in-law was looking around for a Naresh Dutt, a film producer, actor for a scene in a film, with looks like that of Patol Babu. Patol Babu was too excited to listen to this news and in his excitement, he made the wrong purchases in the vegetable market. Patol Babu remembered fondly that he always had a great passion for the stage and in his youth, he had acted in many ‘Jatras.’ Indeed there was a time when people bought tickets especially to see him.
It was in the year 1934 when he lived in Kanchrapara and worked as a clerk with Hudson and Kimberley. He had thought of floating his own theatrical club but he lost his job. Ever since Patol Babu had to struggle a lot to make a living. He worked in a Bengali film, worked as an insurance salesman but nothing lasted. He paid regular visits to various offices for jobs but nothing worked. He still remembered some of the dialogues of the plays he had acted in.
A new offer to work in films sparked his interest. Naresh Dutt duly arrived and told Patol Babu to report at Faraday House, next morning. On enquiry, Naresh Dun told Patol Babu that it was a speaking role and he had to play an absent-minded pedestrian. Patol Babu was extremely happy and confided to his wife that he was aware that it wasn’t a big role, but one rose from small roles only and this might prove to be the beginning of a great career. His wife expressed her reservation but Patol Babu was in no mood to listen.
Next morning. Patol Babu reported on time at Faraday Building. He saw the lot of crowds with instruments and cameras being shifted here and there. He was instructed by Naresh Dutt to wait for his turn. Patol Babu was quite nervous since he had no idea about his dialogues and he didn’t want to make a spectacle of himself in front of lead actors. In the meantime, the shooting of the movie started and one scene was shot. Patol Babu couldn’t wait any longer. He went to Naresh Dun and asked for his dialogues. On glancing at the paper, Patol Babu was really depressed, since he was required to speak just one word ‘Oh!’ Patol Babu was supposed to act like an absent-minded pedestrian and collide with the lead actor, Chanchal Kumar, utter ‘Oh’ and resume walking. He was instructed to go and wait on one side. Patol Babu felt humiliated and let down. He felt the entire Sunday was lost in false anticipation of a good role. A faint memory stirred his mind. He remembered his mentor, Gogon Pakrashi’s advice that as an artist one must make the most of one’s opportunity, whatever it might be. This thought drove away his depression and he started rehearsing all kinds of exclamations ‘Oh’s’ that could be given at different occasions.
Finally, Patol Babu was called after an hour. Patol Babu suggested to the director that the scene would look more realistic, if the collision took place, while he had his eyes on the newspaper. A newspaper was immediately arranged. The director suggested that a moustache on Patol Babu would really look more interesting. A moustache was stuck on his face. During the shot, Patol Babu packed in his best effort mixing 25 parts of anguish and 25 parts of surprise, in a single “Oh!” Everyone around praised Patol Babu’s acting skills and he went back satisfied near the pawn shop. Patol Babu was tremendously pleased and felt that his acting skills were not blurred even after so many years. But now he felt dejected because them was no one who had appreciated his dedication. For the film-people, it was a moment’s work and the next minute they had promptly forgotten about that. He knew he would be paid, it would be a very small amount and he did need money very badly. But could twenty rupees measure against the intense satisfaction of doing a job perfectly. Ten minutes later Naresh Dutt was surprised to have Patol Babu missing, without collecting his remuneration. Next minute. all that was forgotten and the camera started rolling for another shot.
“Patol Babu, Film Star’ Satyajit Ray presents In a multi-faceted character in Patol Babu. Starting his life in a factory in Kanchrapara he worked as a clerk with Hudson and Kimberly, then a shop-keeper and he tended to be an insurance salesman. Patol Babu tried every means of earning a livelihood, but he couldn’t improve his lot. One day Nishikanto Ghosh, a neighbour of Patol Babu brought an offer to act in a film for him. Nishikanto recommended Patol Babu’s name to his brother-in-law Naresh Dutt. Patol Babu once had a real passion for the stage and was always in demand in amateur theatrical. There was a time when people bought tickets especially to see him But, now ‘acting’ had become a thing of the remote past for Patol Babu. Naresh Dutt informed Patol Babu to be present in Faraday House at 8.30 sharp for shooting. Patol Babu was eager to know more about his role in the film. Patol was to play the part of an absent-minded, short-tempered pedestrian. Patol Babu was having great hope in his role and in his future which was discussed with his wife. On the decided day, he reached Faraday House and saw a big crowd outside the building. He met Naresh Dutt and then stood in the shade of a pan shop. He had never watched a film shooting before. He was anxiously waiting to know his dialogue. And Sosanko wrote something on a paper and gave it to Patol. Patol found just a single word `Oh’! written on paper. Patol felt that these people are mocking at him Then he started to recall his past days on stage. Then a faint memory was stirred up in his mind -the memory of his guru – Pakrashi. Pakrashi used to say that no role is small and an actor must not think below his dignity to accept it. Suddenly Patol Babu felt a surge to pronounce ‘Ohl in different tones Patol Babu then, suggested the director that if he should carry a newspaper in his hand, it will be better. In the scene, the hero had banged against a
.Patol Babu’s forehead. Then Patol Babu with great emotion rendered his dialogue ‘Oh!’. A feeling of total satisfaction swept over him. He felt the shoot-ing location with great satisfaction and without collecting his remuneration.
* Genial : sociable, kind * Pedestrian : traveler on foot * Crucial : important * Suspended : hanging * Oblong : rectangular with unequal sides * Tremor : quiver * Perspiration : sweat * Hubbub : noise * Resumed : begin again * Scribble : to write quickly * Gigantic : great * Hoax : fraud * Meek : timid * Embezzlement : cheating of money * Mellow : to soften by age * Edification : improve morally * Obeisance : gesture expressing respect * Inflection : modulation of voice * Monosyllabic : word of one syllable * Collision : to collide with someone * Apathy : indifference *Anticipation : expecting something before due time * Commended : praised * Excruciating : acutely painful
This story is about a middle-aged person who was once bitten by the acting bug. Patol Babu is a middle-aged man with the bald pate and short height. When he was young, he used to act in various dramas and theatres in the neighbourhood. After that, he had to give up his hobbies in the pursuit of his livelihood all through these years. But when he had least expected it, he got an offer to do a small role in a film which was being made by some famous director. Patol Babu is quite excited at getting that offer as it had rekindled the old flame of acting in him. When Patol Babu reaches the spot where shooting is to take place, he discovers that all he got was an inconsequential role. Patol Babu is quite angry at being tortured for such a useless role where he does not even have a proper dialogue. But he recalls the precious teachings by his theatre guru that no role is insignificant and an artist should do full justice to a role no matter how small or insignificant it appears. So, Patol Babu does a full rehearsal before the shot and tries to do full justice to the role. He is deeply satisfied at his effort and so happy that he leaves the shooting spot without even collecting his wages for the role. This story shows the contrast between the life of a common man and the glitter of the film industry.
1. He said he was looking for an actor for a scene in a film they’re now shooting. The way he described the character- fiftyish, short, bald-headed – it reminded me of you. So I gave him your address and asked him to get in touch with you directly. I hope you won’t turn him away. They’ll pay you , of course,
a) Here ‘he’ refers to
Ans. Naresh Bun
b) What kind of a person is ‘he’ ?
Ans. He is a kind hearted good person
c) ‘He’ comes to Patol Babu because
Ans. He needs an actor for his film
2. His name had appeared in hand bills on countless occasions. Once it appeared in bold type near the top: Sitalakanto Ray in the role of Parasar’. Indeed there vins a time when people bought tickets especially to see him
a) When did Patol Babu had a real passion for the stage?
Ans. When he was a well known actor.
b) The above lines prove that Patol Babu was a actor at that time
3. It didn’t matter if the part was small, but if he had to make the most of it, he had to learn his lines before hand. How small he would feel if he muffed in the presence of so many people
a) Who is the speaker here?
Ans. Patol Babu
b) Where is the speaker now?
Ans. At the shooting site
c) What was the speaker waiting for ?
Ans. He was waiting for his dialogue
4. Remember? This is only the first step on the ladder. my dear better halfl Yes the first step that would God willing – mark the rise to fame and fin-tune of your beloved husband?
a) Who is the speaker here and whom does he speak to?
Ans. Patol Babu to his wife
b) Which is the first step on the ladder?
Ans. His next day’s shooting
c) What will happen if God acts in favour of the speaker?
Ans. He will become a famous actor
5. As an artist your aim should be to make the most of your opportunity and squeeze the last drop of meaning out of your lines. A play involves the work of many and it is the combined effort of many that makes a suc-cess of the play
a) Who is the speaker here?
Ans. Mr. Gogon Pakrashi
b) Who is recalling these words?
Ans. Patol Babu
c) When does ‘he’ recall these words?
Ans.When understands that his dialogue is ‘Oh!’ only
6. Gogon Pakrashi would have been pleased with his performance. But all the labour and imagination he had put into this one shot
a) Whose performance and what?
Ans. Patol Babu’s performance and colliding with Chanchal Kumar.
b) Who is Gogon Pakrashi?
Ans .Mr. Gogon Pakrashi is the guru of Patol Babu .
7. Were these people pulling his leg? Was the whole thing a gigantic hoax? A meek harm-less man like him and they had to drag him into the middle of the city to make a laugh-ing stock out of him
a) Who are referred here as ‘these people’?
Ans. These people were the people connected with the film
b) Patol Babu thinks the whole thing to be?
Ans. a hoax
8. It is true that he needed money very ba rupees when measu but what was twenty against the intense satisfaction of a small. 1 job done with perfection and dedication.
a) Patol Babu needed money for a
Ans. smooth living
b) What was money when measured against his satisfaction?
Ans Money was quite insignificant when measured against the intense satisfaction that he got after doing his performance as well
c) What was Patol Babu’s satisfaction?
Ans Patol Babu’s satisfaction was that he did his job with perfection and dedication.
Extract Based Questions
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow.
1.”I hope the part calls for some dialogue?” “Certainly. It’s a speaking part. You have acted before, haven’t you?”
(a) Identify the two people exchanging the above dialogue.
(b) What reservations are expressed by the first person? Why?
(c) Do you believe the information given by the second speaker is truthful? Why/Why not?
(a) This dialogue is between Naresh Dutt and Patol Babu.
(b) Patol Babu wishes to confirm if he has a speaking part.
(c) No, Patol Babu did not have any dialogue to speak. He just has to utter one monosyllable ‘Oh!’
2. Patol Babu hadn’t expected such news at the start of the day. That an offer to act in the film would come to a 52 years old nonentity like him was beyond his wildest dreams.
(a) Why didn’t Patol Babu expect such news?
(b) Why did he consider himself a nonentity after acting in theatre?
(c) What was his reaction?
(a) He hadn’t got any acting offers for the last 52 years for a film.
(b) He was extremely modest and there was a large gap of years between his theatre days and this offer.
(c) He was thrilled and very pleasantly surprised.
3. “Counting your chickens again before they’re hatched, are you? No wonder you could never make a go of it.”
(a) Describe the context of the above statement.
(b) Why does the speaker use the expression, “never make a go of it”?
(c) Do you think that the prediction made above proved to be true? Why/Why not?
(a) Patrol’s wife believes that Patrol Balm was too happy prematurely.
(b) His wife believes that Patol Babu could not be successful after so many years.
(c) No, Patol Babu did perfectly the part he was given to play, even if it was a tiny role.
4, “is that so? Well, I suggest you go and wait in the shade there. We have a few things to attend to before we get going?”
(a) Who are the speaker and the listener?
(b) What is the context of the above statement?
(c) What does the above statement reflect on the speaker’s attitude?
(a) The speaker is Naresh Dutt and the listener is Patol Babu.
(b) This is said when Patol Babu reports for shooting at the set.
(c) The speaker is not much bothered about Patol Babu’s arrival.
5. “As an artist, your aim should be to make the most of your opportunity and squeeze the last drop of meaning out of your lines.”
(a) Who was supposed to have said these lines and to whom?
(b) Discuss the relevance of the above statement in the given context?
(c) Do you think, the listener followed these instructions? How? To what extent?
(a) These lines were spoken by Gagon Pakrashi to Patol Babu.
(b) Patol Babu is trying to derive inspiration from his mentor’s advice.
(c) Yes, Patol Babu perfected the little role he was given after remembering his mentor’s words.
Short / Long Answer Questions
1. Describe the past of Patol Babu as an actor.
Ans Patol Babu had a real passion for acting in his past. He was always in demand in Jatras, in amateur theatricals, in plays put up by the club in his neighbourhood. There was a time when people bought tickets to see him
2. What did Patol Babu do for a living after having been retrenched?
Ans Patol Babu opened a variety store. But he had to wind it up, after five years. Then he had a job in a Bengali film,. But he had to give it up due to the high handedness of the boss. Then remained an insurance salesman for ten years. Of late he has been with a firm dealing in scr iron.
3. What was the news that Nishikanto Ghost gave Patol Babu?
Ans Nishikanto Ghosh’s brother-in-law Naresh Du was in the film business. He needed an actor f his film who is bald-headed, fiftyish and s It reminded Nishikanto of Patol Babu. So informed Patol Babu about the role and Nat Duff’s visit.
4. How does Patol Babu reconcile to dialogue given to him?
Ans The dialogue given to Patol Babu is ‘Oh!’. At first, he felt that the film crew is teasing him. But later when he thought of Gogon Pakrashi’s words he decided to take that small dialogue seriously and he started to practice that ‘Oh!’ in different tones.
5. Why did Mr. Mullick turn down Patol Babu’s request for a rehearsal?
Ans Mr. Mullick turned down Patol Babu’s request for a rehearsal because the scene was to be shot in sunlight. There was a large patch of cloud approaching the sun. Hence, there was no time for a rehearsal.
6. Why does Patol Babu walk away before he can be paid for his role? What does this reveal about his character?
Ans Patol Babu was more satisfied with his acting. So he denied to take his payment and left the shooting place. Only a great idealist who works not for money but for the satisfaction of his artistic soul can do such a thing. Patol Babu values artistic satisfaction far above than monetary consideration.
7. Describe the scene at Faraday House as Patol Baby saw it
Ans When Patol Babu walked to Faraday House, he saw a big crowd outside the building. There was a bus which carried equipment on its roof. On the edge of the pavement, there was an instrument on three legs around which there was a group of busy people. There were some non-Bengalis in the crowd.
8. What were the special touches that Patol Babu gave to his role to make it more authentic?
Ans In order to make his role more authentic, Patol Babu took a paper in his hand to pretend that he was reading it when the ‘collision’ took place. He uttered the word ‘Oh!’ mixing fifty parts of anguish with twenty-five of surprise and twenty-five of irritation.
9. Who was Nishikanto Babu and what proposal did he bring for Patol Babu?
Ans: Nishikanto Babu was Patol Babu’s neighbour and he brought a film offer for Patol Babu. Nishikanto’s relative, Naresh Dutt was looking for someone like Patol Babu for his film and Nishikanto had suggested Patrol’s name.
10. This kind of offer was “beyond his wildest dreams”. Why?
Ans: Patol Babu was already 52 years old and virtually unknown, in the field of acting. So he was pleasantly surprised that a nonentity like him had received a film offer. Moreover, he was very modest in his bearing and for quite some time had nurtured such kind of dreams.
11. What kind of fame had Patol Babu achieved in ‘Jatras’?
Ans: At some time in his life, Patol Babu had a real passion for the stage. He had been simply obsessed. In the `Jatras’ he was very well-known and always in demand. His name appeared in handbills many times and people bought tickets especially to see him perform.
12. What desperate efforts were made by Patol Babu to earn a decent living?
Ans: Initially Patol Babu had a job in a railway factory. In 1934, he was offered a higher salary as a clerk in a famous company. Later he shifted to Calcutta and soon lost his job due to war. He tried his hand at a variety store which only lasted for 5 years. He worked in a Bengali firm, then as an insurance agent but nothing lasted.
13. What details of the role were furnished by Naresh Dutt, the film’s director, to Patol Babu?
Ans: Patol Babu was supposed to enact the role of a pedestrian who is absent-minded and short-tempered. There were some dialogues also according to Naresh Dutt and it was supposed to be a proper speaking part.
14. Describe the scene outside the Faraday House briefly.
Ans: A big crowd had already gathered outside the building. A bus was carrying the equipment. There were cameras, stands, crowds of people everywhere. Most of the people were busy carrying the equipment, carting it here and there.
15. Why was Patol Babu particular about getting his dialogues in advance?
Ans: Patol Babu was a perfectionist. He wished to practice his dialogues beforehand so that he did not make a spectacle of himself in front of the lead actors. He was too enthusiastic and didn’t wish to make any mistake in his performance.
16. “Patol Babu glanced at the paper … and found a sudden throbbing in his head. The heat was unbearable.” Why did this happen?
What were Patol Babu’s ‘dialogues’ and what was his reaction on seeing them?
Ans: Patol Babu found that he had to speak just one word, that too a monosyllable ‘Oh!’ He had been promised a proper speaking part and after a long wait and great expectation, he felt too depressed to see his small role. He felt cheated and quite demoralised.
17. What kind of practice did Patol Babu do?
Ans: Patol Babu practised speaking ‘Oh!’ a thousand times. He tried to give it a different inflexion, add all kinds of emotions and styles to this word. He practised his body language, how he would act during a collision with the hero, how he would fling his arms, how his body would crouch in pain and surprise.
18. What justification is rendered by Sasanko regarding Patol Babu’s speaking role?
Ans: Sasanko was a very clever and tactful person. He told Patol Babu that he had a regular speaking part and he was indeed very lucky to get such a part in Baren Mullick’s film. Most of the people had only crowd scenes and even the lead actor had no lines to speak that day.
19. Why did Patol Babu disappear before collecting his payment?
Ans: Patol Babu was happy at his performance because he felt that he had done his best. But he was crestfallen at the indifferent behaviour of the film people. So he felt that no money could compensate for his great efforts and the hard work he had put in. He had been simply exhausted after the long wait and hard work he had put in. Now the reward of twenty rupees looked too meagre and insufficient.
1. Do you think making a movie is an easy job? Discuss with reference to the story
FICTION 2. Patol Babu is an amateur actor for whom walk-on part in a movie turns into an ultimate challenge.
Discuss Value based Questions
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow.
I. Each word spoken in a play is like a fruit in a tree. Not everyone in the audience has access to it. But you the actor must know how to pluck it, get at it’s essence and serve it upto the audience for their edification.’
a) Who is the speaker and who is he speaking to?
ANS: a) George Pakrashi and Potal Babu.
b) What is the duty of an actor?
Ans b) To understand the role to go deep into the character and present it to perfection to the audience.
c) What is the impact of the above mentioned words on the listener?
Ans c) A monosyllable was taken as a challenge and performed with precision that made a positive impact.
1. How did Gogon Pakrashi’s advice come in handy for Patol Babu? What value does it highlight that can be emulated in our daily situation?
Ans. At first, Patol Babu was very much disappointed. Then he was reminded of some priceless words that his Guru, Gogon Pakrashi used to say. He used to say that an actor should never refuse to do a role however small it may be. These words made a positive impact on him and he started rehearsing well. He started saying the word “Oh!” to himself with many different inflections. He discovered that the same exclamation, when spoken in different shades of meanings would create a great impact in acting. Thus he was able to perform his role to perfection. Values highlighted here are passion, dedication,hardwork, faith in the Guru and not becoming money minded.
Patol Babu, Film Star
Summary Sitalakanto Ray, known as Patol Babu, had been hopping from one job to another, as he had been without a job for the past ten years. He used to work as a clerk with Hudson and Kimberley in Calcutta. Due to the cost-cutting measures during the war, he was out. He tried his hand at running a store, became an insurance agent, but could not settle down and was in dire need of money. One day he was introduced to Naresh Dutt by Nishikanto Babu. Naresh Dutt was in the production department of a new movie and he wanted Patol Babu to play a small role in the movie. This offer made Patol Babu remember his heydays, when he had a settled job at Kanchrapara. Those were the days, when he used to act in jatras, amateur theatre plays, put up by the club in his neighbourhood. His talent made him popular, and his name which often appeared in the handbills, boosted the sale of tickets. In the recent years however, he was too busy trying to make the two ends meet, so he could not continue with his love for the stage. The day of the film shooting arrived. When Patol Babu reached the venue of shooting outside Faraday House, he saw all the activities on the set. He was anxious about his role and his dialogue, what his lines would be. After waiting for some time, Naresh Dutt told him that he was supposed to walk to a fixed place, bump into the hero Chanchal Kumar and say Oh’. In the beginning, Patol Babu was disappointed, he even thought of leaving everything and going home. But then he was reminded of Mr. Pakrashi his mentor, a wonderful actor himself. His advice, a valuable one, had been that it was not the size of the role that matters, it is what you give to the role, how much you yourself can put into it, and what you make of it that matters. Now he started practising different ways of uttering the word ‘Oh’, trying to mix the right amount of irritation with the right amount of surprise to make it as much effective as possible. The time for the shot came, just before the shot he suggested to the director that he should hold a newspaper. The director agreed, he was even given a moustache for the role that suited him and made him stand out in the crowd.
Finally, he performed the shot in a most impressive manner. It was flawless in the first go and no retakes were required. After the shot was over, he was waiting for Naresh Dutt to make the payment, when he realised that small role had given him immense satisfaction which no amount of money could have given. He quietly went home, without the money.
2.Naresh Dutt, the director, was surprised to find Patol Babu missing. He had seen Patol Babu’s meticulous nature and eye for minute details. No one ever went away without taking the money. Despite his busy schedule, Naresh Dutt couldn’t forget Patol Babu. He found out the details of Patol Babu’s hard work from other people around. He writes a letter to his friend regarding the hard work some insignificant people put in and yet their contribution goes unacknowledged. Write the letter for him.
Ans: Service Lane,
5th September 2010
In our busy lives, we seldom notice exceptional people who look quite ordinary. I wish to recount such an Incident to you when I had hired a man. Who was 52 years old named Patol Babu for a minuscule role? He just had to utter one word ‘OH!’ I was told later by my staff and other people that Patol Babu, after the initial disappointment, had practised that word in all different kind of ways. He gave a superb performance but we were too busy in other technicalities and looking after lead actors to notice it. I was amazed to discover that he did not want to collect his money. Maybe we have erred in some way. I am sure we did not value his capability. Nevertheless, I will go to his home personally and try to make amends and talk to him. That will really ease my guilt. I will share the rest with you later.
3. “That’s odd – the man hadn’t been paid yet. What a strange fellow!” What traits of Patol Babu make him a strange fellow?
Ans: Patol Babu is considered to be a strange fellow by the filmmakers because he did not take the payment for playing his role in the movie. He had an ardent desire for acting. He gave his hundred per cent to the role and did the maximum innovation he could in his monosyllabic dialogue. He considered performing of his role with full devotion and dedication more important than just getting paid. This is why when he was praised by Baren Mullick, he felt he had accomplished his desire and left without waiting for his payment. This shows him as a passionate, disciplined, hard-working and meticulous man.
4. Patrol Balm reached home and was overcome with mixed feelings of happiness for a good performance but disappointment for being sidelined with such a speaking role. He writes a diary entry in this state of mind. Write the diary for him.
Ans: Dear Diary,
It was a day of mixed emotions, happiness and disappointment packed together. I had gone to Faraday House with great expectations and imagine I was asked to utter just ‘OH!’ How I died an instant death? All my hopes and aspirations were dashed to pieces. But still, I kept my cool. I remembered the advice of my mentor and perfected every bit of my role. Almost everyone, even the hero Chanchal Kumar praised my good work. But the mechanical, inhuman nature of the film-folk hurt me when the time came to collect my twenty rupees, l could not remain there. No money could measure my hard-work and dedication. I know even twenty rupees are needed at home but I felt they were not a worthy remuneration. I hope I am right! God alone knows!
Exercise based on Students’ Res onse 1×3=3 marks each
Read the extracts given below and answer the questions that follow. Write each answer in your answer-sheet in one or two sentences only.
1. Naresh Dun cast an appraising look at Patol Babu and gave a nod. ‘Oh yes’, he said. There is no doubt that. By the way, the shooting takes place tomorrow morning.
(i) Who is Naresh Babu?
(ii) For what did he give a nod? What do you mean by appraising look?
(iii) Where did the shooting take place?
Ans. (i) Naresh Babu is a member of a film production team.
Ans (ii) He gave a nod for he found him suitable for a role in his film. Appraising look means to consider somebody or something and form an opinion about that person or thing.
Ans (iii) The shooting took place near Faraday House.
2. Counting your chickens again before they’ re hatched, are you? No wonder you could never make a go of it.
(i) Who is the speaker?
Ans. (i) Patol Babu’s wife is the speaker.
(ii) What topic was being discussed?
Ans (ii) A role in the shoot was being discussed.
(iii) What does “make a go of it” mean?
Ans (iii) It means to become successful.
3. jolly good! Why, you are quite an actor. Sosanko, just take a look at the sky through the dark glass, will you’.
(1) Who is the speaker? What do you mean by Jolly good?
Ans. (i) Baren Mullick, the director of the film is the speaker. Jolly good means very good or excellent.
(ii) Who is being praised here?
Ans. (ii) Patol Babu’s performance is being praised here.
(iii) What has he done for which he is being praised?
Ans. (iii) He has played his minor role with perfect timing and has given a wonderful performance.
4. ‘That’s odd — the man hadn’t been paid yet. What a strange fellow!’
(i) Who is the speaker of these words?
Ans. (i) Naresh Dutt is the speaker of these words.
(ii) Who is the man he is talking about?
Ans. (ii) He is talking about Patol Babu.
(iii) Why does he call him ‘a strange fellow’? What do you mean by `odd’ here?
Ans. (iii) Patol Babu has left without taking his money. Here ‘odd’ means strange.
5. “In 1943, when he was just toying with the idea of starting a club in, neighbourhood, sudden retrenchment in his office due to the war c him his nine-year-old job”.
(i) Who is ‘he’?
Ans. (i) Patol Babu
(ii) What was his job? Why was it gone?
Ans. (ii) He was a clerk. He was retrenched due to war.
(iii) What do you mean by ‘retrenchment’?
Ans. (iii) It means cut down the number of employees.
6. “That has become a thing of the remote past; something which he recalls at times with a sigh”.
(i) Who is ‘he’?
Ans. (i) Patol Babu
(ii) What is a thing of remote past?
Ans (ii) Acting is a thing of remote past for Pawl Babu.
(iii) What do you mean by the phrase, “recalls at times with a sigh”?
Ans (iii) It means sometimes remembers past events and experiences fondly.
7. “This is only the first step on the ladder, my dear better half yes-the first step that would-God willing-mark the rise to fame and fortune of your beloved husband”.
(i) Who is the speaker and with whom is he speaking?
(ii) What is referred as first step on the ladder?
(iii) What do you mean by the phrase by ‘rise to fame and fortune •
Ans. (i) Patol Babu is speaking to his wife.
(ii) The role in the field is called as first step on the ladder by Patol Babu.
(iii) It means becoming famous and wealthy
8. “All he felt now was a keen anticipation and suppressed excitement. It was the feeling he used to feel twenty years ago just before he stopped on to the stage.”
(i) Who is ‘he’?
(ii) What he used to do twenty years ago?
(iii) ow What is the meaning of ‘anticipation’?
Ans. (i) Potal Babu.
(ii) He used to act on stage.
(iii) It means feeling of excitement.
9. “The hero’s head had banged against his forehead, and an excruciating pain had robbed him of his senses for a few seconds”.
(i) Who is in an excruciating pain and why?
Ans. (i) Patol Babu is in excruciating pain because his head is banged by the hero’s head.
(ii) Who is the hero?
(ii) Chanchal Kumar.
(iii) What do you mean by ‘excruciating pain’?
(iii) Extremely painful.
10. “He had done his job really well. All these years of struggle hadn’t blunted his sensibility. Gogon Pakrashi would have been pleased with his performance.”
(i) Who is ‘he’ and which job has he performed well?
Ans. (1) Patol Babu performed his role of absent minded pedestrian well.
(ii) Who is Gogon Pakrashi?
(ii) He is Patol Babu’s mentor or guru.
(iii) What do you mean by the phrase ‘blunted his sensibility’.
(iii) Here it means ‘reduced his acting talent’.
Short Answer Type Questions 30-40 words: 2)44=8 marks each)
1. How does Patol Babu reconcile to the dialogue given to him?
Ans Ms. Initially, Patol Babu was disappointed when he saw the word ‘Oh’ written on the paper Next moment, he was reminded of the advice given to him by his mentor Mr. Pakrashi that a role was not big or 1 small, it was the manner in which it was performed that mattered. He accepted the role and decided to give it a try.
2. What was the advice of Patol Babu’s mentor and guru Pakrashi?
Ans. The advice of Mr Gogon Pakrashi, his mentor and guru was — Do your work irrespective of the fact that it was big or small. Perform well and wholeheartedly. That’s all.
3. What job did Patol Babu have in Calcutta and why did he leave it?
Ans. It was a clerical post with Hudson and Kimberley with a higher pay in Calcutta. He lost his job due to the war in 1943.
4. What idea did Patol Babu have while rehearsing? Did the director approve of the idea?
Ans. Idea was that if he had a newspaper in his hand the scene would look more authentic. Director approved of the idea and asked a bystander to give him the newspaper.
5. What were Patol Babu’s dialogues and what was his reaction on seeing it?
Ans. Patol asked for the dialogue to be spoken, a paper was handed over to him, on which just one word ‘Oh’ was written. He was disappointed, felt cheated and humiliated.
6. Why did Patol Babu leave without taking money?
Ans. After the shot was over, Patol Babu heaved a sigh of relief, a deep sense of satisfaction swept over him. He had done his job really well. After all, all these years had blunted his sensibility. Money did not matter compared to the job done with perfection. He left without taking the money.
7. How did Patol Babu react to the offer of a role in a film?
Ans. When the offer to act in a film came to Patol Babu, he was very happy and excited that a man fifty-two years old and nobody could get such an offer. There was every reason for him to accept it.
8. What message is the author trying to convey through the lesson “Patol Babu”?
Ans. The message conveyed by the story ‘Patel Babu’ is to do one’s job with perfection, no matter how big or small it is. In the plan of action, everyone is assigned a role, which must be performed to the best of one’s ability. This is the only source of satisfaction.
9. How did Patol Babu manage to make his role special? What special• touches did he give to the role?
Ans. Patol Babu decided to make his role as memorable as possible. He rehearsed it in front of a large glass window in a quiet by lane.measured the distance to be walked, before he collided with the hero. So that the timing would be perfect. Then to make it look more authentic he suggested, holding a newspaper in his hand, which was accepted.
1o. flow did Patol Babu’s dream come true?
Ans. Patol Babu had always dreamt of making it big, famous and rich one clay. He had got the opportunity of acting in a film. In the past, he was a very good actor at the stage. He performed very well and earned everyone’s appreciation.
Long Answer Questions o-100 words: 4 marks)
1. Patol Babu’s wife decides to write a letter to her friend giving vent to her feelings about the performance of her husband and what she feels about it. Imagine yourself as the wife and write the letter.
Ans. Park Street Calcutta May 22,19XX Dear Madhabi How are you? Our correspondence is long overdue now. Today something happened and I feel like sharing it with you. You know things at home were not going smoothly, as my husband is not having any stable job since he left the job at Calcutta, due to the wan He tried his hand at so many different things but to no avail. Recently, he got an offer to act in a film. Once upon a time, he used to act on the stage and was very popular. So, he was quite excited. When he came back, he narrated the whole episode to me how he made that small insignificant role, a memorable one and made his presence felt during the shot. I am very proud of him, though outwardly, I keep chiding him. But one thing, I keep asking myself, whether money is important or not. How to run the household without any regular income. He came home without any money. Better luck next time! Write soon
2. That night, after the incident, when Patol Babu is about to retire for his sleep, he decides to make a diary entry. Write it. Ans. 9.00 p.m. Calcutta May 20,19XX Today what happened has made it a memorable day for me.
Ans: The role I had been offered had made me quite excited and I reached Faraday House before the appointed time. There was a big crowd already there. The stage used to be different, this was film-shooting, it was a hot day and I was wearing that old fashioned woollen jacket as well. I made my way and asked for my dialogue. Everyone was so busy, they did not pay much attention to my request. I at least wanted to see the lines I had to utter. I am fifty-two years old and used to him such a popular actor on stage. So, I did want to have my lines in hand to see and memorise, to deliver them well. On asking again and again at last a paper was handed over to me with a single ‘Oh’ on it. All my excitement and enthusiasm was gone. I was about to leave at once, when the words of Gogon Pakrashi, my mentor, flashed in my mind. He used to say no role is big or small, it is the way you perform it, makes it big or small. That did it—and I gave my all to.perform it as well as possible. I emoted and spoke it in such a manner that it created such an impact, everyone applauded and praised it immensely. I was so satisfied and happy that I came home without any money. After all, what is money as compared to the satisfaction derived from work well done? Now I’ll have a nice sleep!
Value-based Question 1. “Work is worship.” Discuss.
(80-100 words: 4 marks)
Or No work is big or small, it is the manner in which it is executed that makes it big or small.
Ans. The man without work is like a vegetable, a mere couch-potato. Life of a parasite is better than an idle life. Any occupation big or small gives the lasting happiness, no doubt. Work is work, and if we can make it worship, then the gods will shower blessings and life becomes an eternal joy. No work is big or small, it is the way we look at it that makes it big or small. In everything that we do our input is equal to the output whether it is in terms of material success or the satisfaction that we derive out of a well-accomplished task, we get what we have put in. A lesson one must never forget in life, to achieve success there are no short-cuts or magic it is hard work alone that takes us places in life. We immerse ourselves in our work, lose and forget our being; the outcome of such a work can make miracles. Success comes chasing him, who works not to please others but to his own self and his own satisfaction is the reward. There are no religions, no creed, no caste, man-made barriers that distinguish one. It is the beautiful and unsullied mind that makes on unforgettable. Being honest with oneself and true to his work should be one’s motto, and then life becomes everlasting joy. Such a man’s heart is the abode of happiness that knows no end. Peace emanates from such beings, angels who create a paradise on earth!
Solved Questions from CBSE literature Reader Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What was the news that Nishikanto Ghosh gave Patol Babu?
Ans. When Nishikanto Ghosh came to Patol Babu’s house, he wanted to tell him some exciting news. He had met his youngest brother-in-law, Naresh Dutt, who was in the film production business and had talked about a role in a movie. For which a fiftyish, short, bald headed man in his fifties was required. He also knew about Patol Babu’s interest in acting and he had asked Naresh Dutt to consider Patol Babu for the role.
(b) How did Patol Babu react? Why?
Ans. At first, he could not believe that a man, who was fifty-two years old and a non-entity like him could get such an offer to act in a movie. Moreover, there was no reason for him to refuse the offer.
(c) Why had Patol Babu lost his first job in Calcutta?
Ans. He held a good clerkal post with Hudson and Kimberley in Calcutta. Due to the war, as cost-cutting measures, he lost his job.
(d) How does Patol Babu reconcile to the dialogue given to him?
Ans. When Patol Babu saw the paper on which just one word ‘Oh’ was written, he was terribly disappointed. But then he was reminded of the advice given to him by his mentor, Gogon Pakrashi, that the role was not big or small, it was the manner in which one performed it and made it as effective as possible that was important. At this, he decided to give all that he could to the role and performed it most superbly.
(e) Who was Mr Pakrashi? How do his words help Patol Babu in enacting his role?
Ans. Mr Pakrashi was Patol Babu’s mentor, a wonderful actor himself, without a trace of vanity in him. His words of advice had been, “No role was big and small, it was the way you performed it that matters.” So, Patol Babu gave all of himself to the role of a pedestrian and left his mark by performing it flawlessly in the first attempt.
(f) How do we know that Patol Babu was a meticulous man?
Ans. He ignored the fact that the dialogue was just a mono syllable. He started thinking of ways to utter it in the most effective manner. He even went quietly to a side street to practise his role, and in front of a large glass window, he rehearsed how to emote pain and surprise in the right proportion. Finally, he portrayed that insignificant role in the most significant manner.
(g) Why did Mr Mullick turn down Patol Babu’s request for a rehearsal?
Ans. Mr Mullick turned down Patol Babu’s request for a rehearsal as he wanted to shoot the scene in daylight which was fast fading and there was a patch of cloud approaching the sun. He also thought the scene was too insignificant for a rehearsal.
(h) What were the special touches that Patol Babu gave to his role to make it more authentic?
Ans. Patol Babu gave numerous special touches to his role to make it more authentic. He asked for a newspaper to read while walking so that he would appear as an absent-minded stranger. He measured out the ratio of emotions that he had to express in his line to make it sound and more effective. He also calculated the steps it would take to collide with the actor so that the shot would be perfect.
2. Discuss the following questions in detail and write the answers in your notebooks.
(a) ‘I hope the part calls for some dialogue?’ Who says this? Why does he/she ask this question?
Ans. Nishikanto Babu’s youngest brother-in-law was in the business of film production. He had a role for Patol Babu in a film. The role was of a pedestrian, an absent-minded, short-tempered man. Patol Babu was asked to reach Faraday House at 8.30 sharp in the morning. Suddenly, this crucial question cropped up in Patol Babu’s mind. If there was a role, there must be some dialogue as well. Naresh Dun assured him that it was a speaking part and there was a dialogue! He would be given his lines as soon as he reached the shooting spot the next day.
Patol Babtt was pleased, he was getting an opportunity of acting in a film. It hardly mattered if it was small. But he wanted to make the most of it for which he had to learn his lines beforehand.
(b) “Were these people pulling his legs? Was the whole thing a gigantic hoax? A meek, harmless man like him, and they had to drag him into the middle of the city to make a laughing stock out of him. How could anyone be so cruel?” Why does Patol Babu have these thoughts?
Ans. Patol Babu kept waiting for his lines, he had to speak in his role. At last, he went to Naresh Dutt to know his line. Naresh Dutt took him It’ Sosanko, who was asked to write down the lines to be spoken by Patol Babu. Sosanko very casually tore off a page and wrote something on it. This piece of paper was handed over to Patol Babu. When Patol Babu glanced at the paper, he found a single monosyllabic word `oh’ on it. He had come such a long way in the morning, wearing that old-fashioned woollen jacket on that hot day. Was it for this? He felt terribly disappointed. He felt utterly betrayed; all his hopes fell flat on the ground. It seemed everything and everyone had plotted against him and he was the laughing stock of all. Standing there, he did not know what to do and why he had come there on a Sunday he could not understand. He felt miserable and utterly helpless.
(c) “Patol Babu is an amateur actor for whom walk-on part in a movie turns into an ultimate challenge.” Discuss.
Ans. Patol Babu is an amateur actor. The walk-on part in a movie turns into an ultimate challenge, which he accepts and turns the tide in his favour by giving an excellent performance to everyone’s satisfaction. Patol Babu recalls those times when he used to be an actor. Acting on stage had been a passion; he used to take the active part in Jatras, theatricals and plays staged by the local club. But acting in a movie was different. Though his role was small that of a pedestrian, who has to utter just ‘Oh’. When he comes to know this from Sosanko, he feels cheated /belittled. He feels everyone making fun of him, a laughing stock. However, he has reminded of his mentor Mr Pakrashi’s golden advice and he gets ready for his role. His teacher had told him, “it does not matter if the role is small but what matters is what you make of it.” He now accepts the challenge with new vigour and enthusiasm. He rehearses to utter ‘Oh’ in so many different ways. Using his own imagination and understanding, he decides the right amount of irritation, pain and surprise and gives a wonderful performance to his own surprise. Without any retakes, the first shot is finalised. Everyone praises him. Patol Babu goes home, feeling all those years had not dimmed his acting talent.
(d) Do you agree with the statement that Patol Babu is a practical man who comes to terms with whatever life has to offer? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans Patol Babu has streaks of idealism, which over-shadow his practicality. He had to struggle very hard to earn a living. All his struggle could not get him anywhere in life, though he put up with every challenge life offered. He was not worldly wise. After giving a wonderful performance, he goes away feeling satisfied, without taking any money. Life did not show any kindness to him. In Kanchrapara, he had a job in a railway factory. There he used to take part in Jatras, theatri and local plays. In Calcutta, with Hudson and Kimberley, he was a clerk. Due to the war, he lost it, after nine years. Patol Babu never gave up. He keeps fighting with the challenges of life but money eludes him. He tries his hand at different things. There is no doubt that Patol accepts whatever life has to offer. In the case of the role, he accepts it and gives to it his all. His imagination, his planning everything makes it a memorable one, he manages to create the right impact. He puts his heart and soul into it and walks away, feeling satisfied without taking any money.
(e) Why does Patol Babu walk away before he can be paid for his role? What does this reveal about his character?
Ans. Patol Babu walks away before he could be paid. This role was a small, but he put all his imagination, his heart and soul into it and gave a wonderful shot to everyone’s satisfaction, a very good performance by a great actor. However, he does not stay there to be paid. Only the idealist in him is responsible for this, he feels the money that he would get was nothing as compared to the satisfaction he got by doing his work so well. He feels extremely gratified that all those years had not dimmed his acting skills. He kept arguing within himself regarding the amount that he would get — but the amount of satisfaction was far greater when even a small job is done with so much perfection and devotion. He had given an excellent shot, had impressed everyone including himself. This alone mattered. He goes away without taking money though he needed it badly.
(f) Do you think making a movie is an easy job? Discuss with reference to the story.
• not an easy job, a very long, tedious and tiring job is filmmaking
• different units are required
• the production unit for production
• in the story, Naresh Dutt goes to Patol Babu’s house for such a small role
• role of financiers, who will give money for the making of a film
• the director is the core of a film, directs everything and every being, every activity. He has to supervise every bit of the film. In the story, Baren Mullick is the director, he accepts the suggestion of Patol Babu of holding a newspaper in his hand and also sees that a butterfly moustache is put on his face to make his character more impressive and convincing.
Ans. 5. After Patol Babu returns home he recounts his experience in front of the camera to his wife. In pairs write out the exchange in the form of a dialogue and enact it before the class. You may start like this……
Patol Babu’s wife: So what happened at the shooting today? Did you get to do your role?
Patol Babu: Oh, Yes, I had the time of my life…….
Ans. Patol Babu’s Wife: So what happened at the shooting today? Did you get to do your role?
Patol Babu: Oh, Yes, I had the time of my life. Babu’s Wife: Oh really? Tell me all.
Patol Babu: Well I reached before 8.30 a.m. There was already a big crowd at Faraday House. Babu’s wife: What were they doing?
Patol Babu: Most of them had come to see the shooting and rest were all cameramen, light men, clapper boy, etc. mainly from the film production unit.
Babu’s Wife: What were they for?
Patol Babu: Baren Mullick was the director, he was guiding them all. Make-up man, who put the moustache on my face. Naresh Dutt was in the production section. Nishikanto Babu’s youngest brother-in-law, Soranko and Jyoti were also there.
Babu’s Wife: Tell me about yourself now.
Patol Babu: Alright, my role was a very small one and the dialogue I was given to utter was just ‘Oh’. I was to play the role of a short-tempered pedestrian, who collides with the hero. First, I was completely disappointed and thought that they had made a laughing stock of me. I felt like leaving that place at once but then Mr Pakrashi’s words flashed like lightning in my mind. “No role is big and small, it is the way you perform it makes it memorable.” I did just that and put my heart and soul into it. It was a superb performance that earned everyone’s praise. I was immensely satisfied too.
Babu’s Wife: I am happy to hear it all, but what about the money? They must have paid you.
Patol Babu: They wanted to but …er
Babu’s Wife: But what? I hope you did not refuse.
Patol Babu: What is money as compared to the satisfaction I derived? It’. true, the money was much needed. But look I am so satisfied. I did that small role with perfection and dedication.
6. Patol Babu writes a letter to Nishikanto Ghosh to thank him for being instrumental in his getting a role in a film. He also shares his experience at the film shoot including the excitement and deep satisfaction that he derived from the same. Write the letter in about 200 words.
Ans. A-4, Nepal Bhattacharjee Lane,
20th May, 19XX
Dear Ghosh Babu,
Thank you so much for providing me such an opportunity of a lifetime in getting this role in a film. I had never expected this to happen. I am impressed by your youngest brother-in-law, Naresh Dutt. I wish him all the best in life! As per his directions, I had reached Faraday House, the next morning before 8.30. It was the first time, I got to see film-shooting. A big crowd was already there. It was a Baren Mullick film, the famous director. He was actually there, giving directions and shouting, giving orders, `Action’, ‘Cut’, ‘Lights’, etc. Everyone danced to his tune. I was supposed to play the role of an absent-minded pedestrian, who collides with the hero Chanchal Kumar. I was to utter just one ‘Oh’. At first, I felt terribly disappointed, but later on, after reflecting on it for some time, I felt I could do something with it and tried rehearsing my role. I uttered the monosyllable ‘Oh’ in so many different ways, emoting different emotions. This was all because I was reminded of my guru Mr Pakrashi, who used to say an actor can put himself into his role and leave a mark, it did not matter whether the role was big or small. So, I put my heart and soul into it and gave a wonderful performance, which did not require any retakes. I did not bother to wait for the money after I had experienced such fulfilment! After so many years, I could act my acting skills were all intact. This realisation gave me immense satisfaction. I came home, feeling satisfied and happy. After all, what is money as compared to such a state of mind?
(c) Why does she ask this question?
Ans. Patol Babu had been offered a role in a movie so he wanted to know whether he had any dialogue. He had been an amateur actor in the past. His interest In acting had been rekindled.
9. I hope you won’t turn him away. They’ll pay you, of course.’
(a) who is speaking? To whom is he speaking?
Ans. Nishikanto Babu is speaking to Patol Babu.
(b) Who is he referring to?
Ans. Nishikanto Babu is referring to his youngest brother-in-law, Naresh Dutt.
(c) What would they pay the listener for?
Ans. They would pay him for enacting a small role in their movie.
3. ‘He’s about thirty. A strapping young fellow. He said he would be here by ten thirty.’
(a) Who does ‘he’ in these lines refer to? Who is the speaker?
Ans. ‘He’ refers to Naresh Dutt. Nishikanto Babu, Patol Babu’s neighbour is the speaker.
(b) What time does he actually arrive by? Why does he come there?
Ans. He came at half-past twelve. He wanted to offer Patol Babu a role in a movie he was working in.
(c) Is his visit successful? Why/Why not?
Ans. Yes, because Patol Babu agrees to play the minor role of a pedestrian in the film he was associated with.
4. ‘Indeed there was a time when people bought tickets especially to see him.’
(a) Who is being talked about in these lines?
Ans. The person being talked about is Patol Babu.
(b) Why did people buy tickets to see him?
Ans. Patol Babu had been a popular actor on stage, performing in amateur theatre, in his youth.
(c) Where was he living at that time?
Ans. Patol Babu was living at Kanchrapara.
5. ‘Ever since then Patol Babu had struggled to make a living.’
(a) What was Patol Babu’s first job?
Ans. Patol Babu worked in a railway factory in Kanchrapara.
(b) Why did Patol Babu come to Calcutta?
Ans. Patol Babu came to Calcutta as he was offered a higher pay in a clerical post with Hudson & Kimberley in Calcutta.
(c) Why did he have to struggle to make a living?
Ans. Patol Babu had lost his job at Kimberley & Hudson during the war years and since then had changed several jobs but could not succeed in making a living.
6. ‘There’s no doubt about that. By the way, the shooting takes place tomorrow morning.’
(a) Who is the speaker? Who is he talking to?
Ans. Naresh Dun is speaking to Patol Babu.
(b) What is he so sure about?
Ans. Naresh Dutt is sure about the fact that Patol Babu was just right for the role in the movie.
(c) Where was the shooting going to take place?
Ans. The shooting was going to take place outside a seven-storey office building called Faraday House, near the crossing of Bentinck Street and Mission Row.
7. ‘But you haven’t told me about the part.’
(a) Who is the speaker? Who is he speaking to?
Ans. The speaker is Patol Babu. He is speaking to Naresh Dutt.
(b) What does the ‘part’ mentioned in this line refer to?
Ans. It refers to the movie role that had been offered to Patol Babu by Naresh Dutt.
(c) Describe the ‘part’ mentioned in this line.
Ans. It was the role of a short-tempered, absent-minded old pedestrian who collides with the hero of the movie in a street.
8. ‘Fine. I wouldn’t have come to you for just a walk-on part. For that, we pick people from the street. Of course, there’s dialogue and you’ll be given your lines as soon as you show up tomorrow.’
(a) Who is the speaker? Who is being spoken to?
Ans. The speaker is Naresh Dutt. He is speaking to Patol Babu.
(b) What was the part offered to the listener?
Ans. Patol Babu had to enact the role of an absent-minded, short-tempered pedestrian who collides with the hero.
(c) What was the dialogue that he had to say?
Ans. Patol Babu’s dialogue consisted of a single word, ‘Oh!’
9. ‘Counting your chickens again before they’re hatched, are you?’
(a) Who is the speaker?
Ans. The speaker is Patol Babu’s wife.
(b) What does she mean by ‘counting your thickens before they are hatched’?
Ans. Patol Babu had already started anticipating a career in the movies after he had enacted the small role that had been offered to him. His wife made this remark cautioning him that he was talking of success before he had achieved it.
(c) What is the speaker’s opinion of the person being spoken to?
Ans. His wife did not have a high opinion of his abilities and did not consider him a successful person.
10. ‘Patol Babu suddenly felt a little nervous. Should he ask somebody? There was Naresh Dutt there, should he go and remind him?’
(a) Where was Patol Balm standing at this time?
Ans. Patol Babu was standing near the shooting site waiting for the shooting to start.
(b) Who was Naresh Dutt?
Ans. Naresh Dun was the youngest brother-in-law of his neighbour who had got him a role in a movie.
(c) What did he want to remind him of?
Ans. Patol Babu wanted to remind him of the fact that he had not been given his dialogues.
11. Patol Babu now turned to his neighbour and asked in a whisper ‘Who is the director?’
(a) Where was Patol Babu standing at this moment?
Ans. Patol Babu was standing outside Faraday House waiting for his turn to enact this role.
(b) Who was the director of the movie?
Ans. He was the famous director, Baren Mullick.
(c) Who was the hero of the movie?
Ans. The hero was the famous actor, Chanchal Kumar.
12. ‘The youngster froti produced a red-clot pen from his pocket and gave it to Sosanko. Sosanko tore off a page from the notebook he was carrying, scribbled something and handed it to Patol Babu.’
(a) Who were ‘you and Sosanko?
Ans. They were young boys, members of the production team who were shooting a movie.
(b) What did Sosanko scribble on the paper?
Ans. Sosanko wrote the word ‘Oh!’
(c) Why did he give the paper to Patol Babu?
Ans. Sosanko gave it to Patol Babu as it was the dialogue he had to say while enacting the role he had to play.
13. ‘Why waste a Sunday morning in the company of these useless people, and be made to look foolish on top of that?’
(a) Who is the speaker?
Ans. Patol Babu is the speaker.
(b) Who are the people referred to as ‘useless’?
Ans. The people making the movie are referred to as ‘useless’.
(c) Why is the person upset?
Ans. Patol Babu is upset with his dialogue which consisted of just one word ‘Oh!’
14. ‘Remember one thing Pato!, however small a part you’re offered, never consider it beneath your dignity to accept it.’
(a) Who is the speaker?
Ans. The speaker is Gogon Parkashi, Patol Babu’s mentor.
(b) Why is Patol reminded of him?
Ans. Patol was upset with his one-word dialogue, but then he remembered what his mentor had told him.
(c) How does the advice help him?
Ans. It motivates Patol Babu to enact the one-word dialogue with such emotion that even the famous director was impressed.
15. ‘Strange! Patol Babu suddenly felt that he could write a whole thesis on that one monosyllabic exclamation!’
(a) What was the monosyllabic exclamation?
Ans. It was the word, ‘Oh!’
(b) What makes Patol Babu feel that he could write a thesis on it?
Ans. Patol Babu suddenly realises that the same exclamation when spoken in different ways carved different shades of meaning.
(c) How does his discovery impact his acting?
Ans: Patol Babu puts in so much feeling in the way he utters the word ‘Oh!’ (50% anguish, 25% surprise and 25% irritation) that the director is impressed with him.
16. ‘That’s all right. Ill certainly wait. I’ll be in that side street across the road.’
(a) Who is the speaker? Who is being spoken to?
Ans. Patol Babu is speaking to one of the young assistants helping in the shooting.
(b) How is this statement different from his earlier one?
Ans. Here Patol Babu has made up his mind to put in all he has in his performance while earlier he had been tempted to slip away quietly.
(C) How did he spend his time in the side street?
Ans. Patol Babu rehearsed his line in front of a glass window.
17. ‘There’s a large patch of cloud approaching the sun’, he said. ‘This scene must be shot in sunlight.’ (a) Who is the speaker?
Ans. The speaker is Barern Mullick, the director.
(b) Why does he make this statement?
Ans. He makes it in reply to Patol Babu’s request for a rehearsal before the final take.
(c) Does this refusal affect Patol Babu’s performance? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. No, because he gives such a perfect performance that everyone is impressed including the director.
18. hope Grandpa wasn’t hurt too badly.’
(a) Who says this? Who is he referring to?
Ans. Jyoti says this line. Jyoti is referring to Patol Babu.
(b) Why does he make this remark?
Ans. Jyoti made this remark because Patol Babu had just given a shot in which he had to collide with the lead actor and the shot had been very realistic.
(c) What was Patol Babu doing there?
Ans. Patol Babu was performing the role of a pedestrian who collides with the hero of the movie.
19. ‘That’s odd … the man hadn’t been paid yet. What a strange fellow!’
(a) Who is the speaker? Who is he speaking about?
Ans. Naresh Dutt is speaking about Patol Babu.
(b) What was odd?
Ans. The fact that Patol Babu had disappeared without waiting to be paid was odd.
(c) Why had he not waited?
Ans. Patol Babu felt so satisfied with his performance that he did not feel the need to be paid.
Short Answers type questions
1. Why had Nishikanto Babu given Pato! Babu’s address to his youngest brother-in-law?
Ans. Nishikanto Babu’s youngest brother-in-law was in the film industry and he was looking for an actor for a film they were shooting. He had described the character to Nishikanto Babu who had felt that Patol Babu was just right for the role. So he had given him Patol Babu’s address.
2. How did Patol Babu react to the news given by Nishikanto Ghosh?
Ans. It shocked and excited Patol Babu because it was most unexpected.
3. Who was Naresh Dull?
Ans. Naresh Dun worked in the film business, he was the youngest brother-in-law of Nishikanto Ghosh, who was Patol Babu’s neighbour.
4. While buying vegetables at the market, Patol Babu mixed up the order. What does this tell you about his state of mind? Why did this happen?
Ans. It shows that Patol Babu was very excited at the prospect of getting an opportunity to work in a film. In fact, at one time, he used to perform on the stage in his neighbourhood and had been quite good at it.
5. Do you think Patol Babu was happy with his career? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. No, because Patol Babu had changed his jobs and career choices a number of times and really struggled to make a living without managing to improve his lot.
6. Did Patol Babu miss his acting days? Give reasons for your answers.
Ans. Yes, he did. Patol Babu could still remember lines from some of the roles he had played in the past.
7. Why had Patol Babu given up hope at half past twelve?
Ans. Patol Babu had given up hope because he had been told that Naresh Dun, the man who was to offer him a role in the movie would be coming at ten thirty a.m.
8. What instructions does Naresh Dutt give Pato! Babu on their first meeting?
Ans. Naresh Dutt told him to report for shooting the next morning at 8:30 am. He also told him that the shooting would take place out of doors, outside the front entrance of a seven-storey office building called Faraday House.
9. What was the role that was offered to Patol Babu?
Ans. Patol Babu was to enact the role of an absent-minded, short-tempered pedestrian.
10. Why was Patol Babu asked to wear a woollen jacket?
Ans. Patol Babu was asked to do so because the story was supposed to take place in winter.
11. How did Pato! Babu’s wife react to the news?
Ans. Patol Babu’s wife was sceptical and asked him not to count his chickens before they hatched.
12. why did Patol Babu feel humiliated when he reported for the shoot?
Ans. when Patol Babu saw the single word ‘Oh’ written on the paper as a dialogue, he felt that the people were pulling his leg and everything was a hoax.
13. How was Patol Babu’s role crucial to the film, according to the young man lyoti?
Ans. According to Jyoti, Patol Babu’s role was crucial because the interaction with Patol Babu would show the preoccupation of the hero with his problem.
14. Was Patol Babu impressed with his dialogue? Give reasons for your answer.
Ans. No, Patol Babu was not impressed with his dialogue because he felt the people were pulling his leg when he looked at his dialogue.
15. While waiting for his shot, Patol Babu remains deep in thought? What was the thought?
Ans. Patol Babu started thinking of the manner in which he usually spent his Sunday at Karali Babu’s house listening to songs sung in praise of Goddess Kali. He started wondering whether he could quietly slip away.
16. How did Pato! Babu changes his mind about his role/How does Patol Babu overcome his negative feelings about his role?
Ans. Patol Babu was reminded of the advice given to him by his mentor Gogon Pakrashi who had told him never to consider any role below his dignity and to give it his best, whatever the length of his role might be. He had also said that each word spoken in a play was like fruit in a tree. Not everyone in the audience could access it but it is up to the actor to know how to deliver the essence of those lines to his audience.
17. What worried Patol Babu about his moustache?
Ans. Patol Babu was worried that it might come off at the time he was to collide with the hero.
18. Why does Sosanko call Pato! Babu lucky?
Ans. Patol Babu was disappointed on receiving a one-word dialogue when Sosanko explains that he was lucky to have something to say because there had been more than a hundred People who had appeared in the film and yet had nothing to say. Even the hero had no words to say on that day.
19. Patol Babu was a meticulous actor who believed in working hard at his performance. Comment.
Ans. Even though he had got only one word to say in spent his time waiting for his shot in a quiet little react and how he would portray the expressions order to check his performance, he rehearsed in the role of a pedestrian, Patol Babu side street rehearsing how he would of pain and surprise on his face. In front of a large glass window.
20. Why did Baren MuHick not want to rehearse the scene with Patol Babu?
Ans. Probably because it was not a very important or difficult a scene and most importantly because there was a cloud approaching the sun and he wanted to shoot the scene in sunlight.
21. What suggestions did Patol Babu give to make his scene look authentic?
Ans. Patol Babu asked the director if he could act as if he was reading a newspaper when the collision took place.
22. What feelings did Patol Babu plan to convey through his dialogue?
Ans. Patol Babu had planned to express 60 per cent irritation and 40 per cent surprise through his one-word dialogue.
23. What were Patol Babu’s feelings about the people associated with film-making after the shot is over?
Ans. Patol Babu wondered whether those people had the depth to realise the perfection with which he had just performed.
24. Why didn’t Patol Babu stop to take his money even though he needed it badly?
Ans. Patol Babu was so deeply satisfied with his performance that he did not feel the need to take money for it.
Type 10 Questions (Long Answers)
1. Describe the character of Patol Babu.
Ans. He was very punctual and was always on time at work. He was unassuming and modest and was very thrilled at learning of the opportunity in acting. He had been a talented actor in the past and people had bought tickets to see him act. He is also practical and decides to make the most of a tiny film role and practises hard. He is diligent and hard working. He is a creative person and does not wait to be paid because of the creative satisfaction that he derived from enacting the small scene.
2. Write a letter from Patol Babu to Nishikanto Ghosh describing his satisfaction with the role.
Ans. 15 May xxxx
I would like to express my gratitude for recommending me to Naresh Dutt for the role. It was an opportunity of a lifetime for me as it revived memories of my youth. Now life is full of struggle and so no there is no time to indulge in my passion for acting. Though the role had been small and the dialogue consisted of only one word, it was a very satisfying moment for me. After several years I felt deep contentment and joy. I hope more such opportunities come my way.
3. Write Baren Mullick’s diary for the day of the shooting.
Ans. 15 May xxxx
It was a good day today. It was satisfying as the shooting took place as per schedule. The scene required the hero to enter his office in a preoccupied state due to an incident of embezzlement in office. He bumps against a pedestrian. Incidentally, the man who played the role was a surprise as he gave just the right expression. His moustache added to the getup. He seemed ordinary and I had doubts when I first saw him. But what a surprise package he turned out to be! His suggestion of using a newspaper added to the role. Maybe we could give him a bigger role in the next film.
4. Write a letter from Naresh Dutt to Pato! Babu sending him the money he had earned.
Ans. 15 May xxxx
Dear Patol Babu,
Thank you for your performance today. It was excellent acting. The director and other members of the production team were very happy with the shot. You gave just the right expression and looked the part with the jacket and moustache. The idea of using a newspaper was brilliant. But, why did you leave without taking the money? I am sending you the cheque with the letter.
5. A Film Critic reviews the movie once it finally releases. Write a review, noticing the impact of Patol Babu’s scene.
Ans. The new film by Baren Mullick is an unusual story about the struggle of a hero. There is embezzlement at work. He faces the difficulties with fortitude. The film is a testimony of great direction. The director has an eye for detail. The characters are appropriately represented and the actors are well chosen. In fact, mention must be made of the character of a pedestrian. He is an old man wearing a jacket who collides with the hero. He is a new actor but has excellent expressions.
6. As Gogon Pakrashi, write a letter to Patol Babu congratulating him on his performance.
Ans: 21 May xxxx Dear Patrol, I heard of your movie debut. Well done! I always knew you would join films someday. It would be a proud moment to see your name on billboards. You had a great impact in spite of the tiny role. Your expression after the collision was marvellous. Did you get any new offers? Please do take acting seriously. Such talent should not be wasted. Let us meet soon.
1. What is the theme of the story?
Ans. The values that are revealed in this story is Patol Babu’s passion towards the art of acting. For him, the pride and satisfaction of a good performance are enough. He had acted for his passion, not for money. At one time Patol Babu had acted in the Jatras and been a favourite with the public. He hankered after a career in films. One day, however, an opportunity to act in a film does come Patol Babu’s way. The role that he is offered is of an ‘angry pedestrian’ who runs into the hurrying lead actor on a busy road and exclaims ‘Oh!’ As first he is rather disappointed, but then he remembers the advice of his mentor that no role, no dialogue is too small for a real actor, and one must perform the role wholeheartedly and to the best of his ability. He rehearses the word ‘oh’ with different inflexions to show pain, sorrow, joy, surprise, agony, etc. and plays his part to his satisfaction. Having performed his role he feels pride in his performance and comes home, a contented man, even without bothering to wait for his payment.
2. Give a character sketch of Patol Baba giving evidence from the text.
Ans: Patol Babu was a modest, talented and timid man. He was an artist at heart — emotional, talented but too prone to being hurt. He was full of dramatic skills and could deliver powerful dialogues. He had been a great hit, doing theatre for Jatras and people especially flocked to see him. He was a perfectionist and packed in a very powerful performance for his minuscule role. His ‘OH!’ had the modulation of voice, body language and great dramatic skills. He was most emotional and felt really hurt to see the neglect in the eyes of the director. Patol babu is an ideal artist who is not worldly wise and a dreamer who is not practical.
3. Which message is the author trying to convey through the lesson ‘Patol Babu’?
Ans: Through the lesson, Patol Babu, the writer depicts the dreams and aspirations of the small timers and the apathy of filmmakers for whom making films is a business. Patol Babu, a talented and emotional artist, who is an artist at heart and full of dramatic skills, was asked to perform a role after 52 years. Quite excited, he rehearsed the single word ‘OH!’ he was asked to speak. Everybody praised his performance but he did not wait there to collect
his remuneration. Naresh Dun asked for him but next minute all that was forgotten and the camera started rolling for another shot.
4. Patol Babu was a real star, unknown to the world. Discuss.
Ans: Patol Babu may be known as a stage actor or an unknown actor who did the twenty-second role in an unknown Bengali movie but his real worth is beyond ordinary sense. His early days were the days of stage and acting. He had once risen to a local hero. His audience used to consider him like a sensation. People watched dramas only to see him perform. The real greatness of Patol Babu can be understood from the point that he was a man of wonderful precision and dedication for acting. For him, any role was a role. Any role was a drama. Any role was a film, no matter he plays it short or long. With his little scene with an insignificant “Oh!” as the only dialogue, Patel dug his long-abandoned brilliance and found a dozen meanings and definition of an exclamation, “oh!” He invented different “ohs” with varying degrees of emotions attached to them. Thus, Patol Babu was a great actor, the real star who performs his short scene with great dedication and accuracy.
5. How does the story criticise commercialisation of it?
Ans: Patol Babu — Film Star by Ray is a criticism of the commercialisation of the blessed skill of acting into a form of business where only expressions, timing, accuracy and effects have more importance. Patol was a genuine actor who began his acting career as a stage artist years ago. When he made his second coming, it was to the celluloid screen. But what he experienced in films was actors and actresses waiting for the director’s commands, not the brilliance of acting. He saw that here in films, an unknown actor Patol Babu was not going to have fans because film-world was too big and too vast. As a mark of retaliation, Patol’s refusing for the reward is significant in this context.