Three Men in a Boat
To Say Nothing of the Dog
by- Jerome Klapka Jerome
Extra Questions, Notes, Assignment and study material for Class 9th as Per CBSE Syllabus
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George’s Bad Experience–
The narrator got up the next morning. He found George already awake. They tried to sleep again, but could not. George said the same thing had happened to him some eighteen months ago in the house of one Mrs. Gippings. He was to be in the city by nine. It was very dark when he woke up. When he looked at the watch, it was a quarter past eight. Actually, his watch had stopped. and he did not know about it. He flung the watch down, which made it run once again. He got up in a hurry and had a cold bath. When he ran out in the street, he was puzzled to see the shops closed and very few people around. He looked at his watch. It showed five minutes to nine. A policeman asked him to listen to the neighbouring clock. It struck only thrice. When he showed his surprise, the policeman asked him to go home and sleep. He went home again and tried to sleep, but could not. He thought of making his breakfast, but dropped the idea lest Mrs.Gippings should call the police thinking that the burglers were in. He could not help picturing the scene of his trial, his being sentenced to twenty year’s penal servitude and his mother dying of a broken heart. He told the narrator that he had never gotten up too early since that morning.
The Narrator makes George angry-
The narrator, then, woke up Harris. The three friends pulled off the canvas, and looked down at the water and shivered. Harris asked who would go in first. George went back into the boat. The dog Montmorency gave a howl. Harris, toobacked out. The narrator, too, did not want to plunge into the cold water. But he fell down into it accidentally. Coming into the boat, he accidentally jerked his shirt into the water. He tried to put it on as it was. George burst out laughing. The narrator was furious. After a while, he began to laugh and let the shirt fall back into the water again. George asked him if he was not going to get it out. The narrator told him laughingly that it was not his shirt but his (George’s). The expression on George’s face suddenly changed. He began to curse the narrator, and failed to laugh at the joke.
Harris as a cook
Harris tempted his friends by offering to make scrambled eggs for breakfast. He made a mess of everything. He almost burned himself, dropped everything and danced round the stove. He attributed the fault to the frying-pan. Historical retrospect The sun got more powerful by the time the friends had finished breakfast. The narrator conjured up a scene of King John being forced to sign the Charter for the liberty to England at a place which came to be known as Magna Charter Island. He could clearly see before him the Barons’ troops in the little town of Stains. There was a rumour that John had again escaped from the Barons’ grasp and had stolen away from Duncroft Hall, with all his mercenaries. But the reality was that he could not. The yeomen of the Barons had firm hold on the king. King John could have ordered his mercenaries to strike. But he gave in as he looked at the stem faces of the English fighting men. He took his seat in the foremost barge. The Barons followed in. The barges left slowly the shore of Runnymede. They reached a little island. King John stepped upon the shore. Great shouts rent the air when the foundation of England’s temple of liberty was firmly laid.
George: He loves to sleep leisurely and does not want to get up early in the morning. The narrator accidentally wets his shirt. It makes him angry. He is unable to treat it as a joke.
Harris: He is pretentious. He claims to be a good cook. He makes a mess of everything while preparing scrambled eggs for breakfast.
The narrator: He is a humorous person. He knows how to brave a difficult situation. He is full of imagination. He can clearly conjure up scenes of the past history.
The chapter brings out the narrative ability of George as he tells his worst experience of getting up early in MrsGippings’. It also focuses on Harris’s false claims of being a good cook, and on the narrator’s ability to laugh and conjure up history in retrospect.
प्रातः के छः बजे थे | जिरोम जाग गया और उसने देखा की जॉर्ज भी जाग चुका था | अभी बहुत सवेरा था उठने की कोई ज़रुरत नहीं थी लेकिन उनकी फिर से सोने की इक्षा नहीं थी इसलिए उन्होंने बातें करनी शुरू कर दीं | जॉर्ज ने एक घटना सुनाई जिसमे उसने काफी सुबह जागने का वर्णन किया |
जॉर्ज का अनुभव
एक बार जॉर्ज मिसिस गिपिंग्स के घर में ठहरा हुआ था | वह अपनी घडी में चाभी भरना भूल गया और वह सवा आठ बजे रुक गई | सर्दी का मौसम था और वह उठा तो अँधेरा था | उसने अपनी घडी देखी | सवा आठ बज चुके थे और उसे शहर में नौ बजे पहुचना था | उसने जल्दीबाजी में ठन्डे पानी से स्नान किया और कपडे पहने | घडी बिस्तर पर फैंके जाने के कारण हिल गई थी और अब उसमे नौ बजने में बीस मिनट थे | वह घर से तेजी से बहार निकला और एक चौथाई मील भाग कर गया | गली में कोई नहीं था और कोई दुकान भी नहीं खुली थी | फिर उसने तीन आदमी देखे, उनमे से एक पुलिस वाला था | अब तीन बज चुके थे जबकि जॉर्ज की घडी में नौ बजे थे| पुलिस वाले ने पूछा, की आप कहाँ रहते हैं ? जॉर्ज ने अपना पता बताया | पुलिस वाले ने उसे घर लौटने की राय दी |
जॉर्ज एक बार फिर घर से निकला-
जॉर्ज एक बार फिर घर चला गया लकिन उसका मन कपडे बदलने का नहीं था | उसे आशा थी की मैं कुर्सी पर ही सो जाऊँगा, परन्तु उसे नींद नहीं आई | उसने शतरंज खेलने और पुस्तक पढने का प्रयत्न किया, परन्तु उसका मन किसी भी काम में नहीं लगा | इसलिए उसने कोट पहना और फिर घर से बाहर निकल गया |
पुलिस वालों का संदेह
अब चार बजे थे | सडकें सूनसान थीं और पुलिस वाले उसे संदेह की दृष्टि से देख रहे थे | उन्होंने उससे पूछा की आप यहाँ क्या कर रहे हैं ? वह बोला की वह वहां सैर करने आया था | दो पुलिस वाले सादे कपड़ों में उसके साथ आये | उसने बताया की मैं वहीँ रहता हूँ जहाँ मैंने बताया था | जॉर्ज ने ताला खोला और घर के अन्दर चला गया | सादे कपड़ों में पुलिस वाले वहीँ खड़े रहे | और उसके घर पर निगाह रखते रहे |
जॉर्ज ने चाय बनाने का प्रयास किया परन्तु उससे कोई काम ठीक से नहीं हो पा रहा था | उसे दर था कि यदि शोर से उसके घर की मालकिन जाग गई तो वह पुलिस बुला लेगी और उसे पुलिस वाले पकड़ कर जेल में डाल देंगे | इसलिए उसने चाय बनाने का इरादा भी त्याग दिया | जॉर्ज ने पूरी सच्ची घटना जिरोम को सुनाई | फिर उन्होंने हैरिस को जगाया | रात को सोने से पहले उन्होंने सोचा था की वोह अगली सुबह देर तक तैरने का आनंद उठाएंगे लेकिन अब पानी में जाने से उनकी रूह काँप रही थी | जॉर्ज, हैरिस और मोंटमोरेंसी की तैरने में कोई रूचि नहीं थी | जिरोम को भी तैरने का विचार कुछ ख़ास नहीं लगा वह नदी के तट पर गया और पानी में डूबती हुई एक पेड़ की टहनी पकड़ी वो केबल छोटी सी दुबकी लगाना चाहता था मगर टहनी टूट गई और वह पानी में गिर पड़ा वह जैसे तैसे पानी के ऊपर आया और अपने दोस्तों से बोला “वाह मज़ा आ गया, पानी बड़ा मज़ेदार है ” और उसने अपने दोस्तों को भी पानी में आने के लिए आमंत्रित किया परन्तु कोई भी पानी में आने को तैयार नहीं हुआ |
शर्ट की हास्यप्रद घटना-
जिरोम ने अपनी शर्ट उठाई और उसे झटका | अचानक वह शर्ट पानी में जा गिरी | जॉर्ज पागलों की तरह हंसने लगा फिर जिरोम ने देखा की वह उसकी शर्ट नहीं बल्कि जॉर्ज की थी | उसने उसे फिर से पानी में फैंक दिया | अब हंसने की बारी उसकी थी | उसने जॉर्ज को बताया कि शर्ट मेरी नहीं बेटा ये तो तेरी है इस पर जॉर्ज आग बबूला हो गया |
हैरिस का अण्डों की भुजिया बनाना-
हैरिस बोला की मैं अण्डों की भुजिया बनाऊंगा, क्योकि ये मुझे बहुत अच्छी तरह बनाना आता है | उसने अंडे तोड़े, जिनमे से ज़्यादातर उसकी पेंट पर ही गिरे नाकि कढाई में | उसने अपनी अंगुलियाँ जला लीं और सब कुछ गिरता रहा अंत उसने एक चम्मच भर बुरी तरह से जली हुई ना खाने लायक कोई चीज़ बनाई और बोला ये कढाई बिल्कुल बेकार है |
जिरोम एक महत्वपूर्ण घटना पर विचार करता है | जो उस स्थान पर कभी पहले घटी थी| हुआ यूँ था की जून 1215 में किंग जॉन ने मैग्ना कार्टा चार्टर पर हस्ताक्षर किये थे | बैरन जिसको हिंदी में दिग्गज या विशाल योद्धा कहते हैं वो भी वहां पर अपने सशस्त्र सैनिकों को लेकर एकत्रित हुए थे | किंग जॉन उस रात डनक्राफ्ट हाल में सोया हुआ था | लन्दन से वहां बढ़ाई और कारीगर एक विशाल पंडाल बनाने आई थे | बड़ी बड़ी सुसज्जित नावें राजा जॉन को वहां ले जाने को तैयार थीं | बैरनो ने आगे आकर रजा का स्वागत किया और बड़ा ही प्रसन्न होकर मुस्कुराने लगा | वहां मौजूद बैरन विद्रोही बनने की की तयारी में थे इस बात का एहसास रजा को भी था लेकिन वो लड़ाई दंगा नहीं चाहता था| हालाँकि उसके पास ताकत की कोई कमी नहीं थी | उसके सभी फ्रेंच सैनिक उसकी एक आवाज़ पे सभी बैरेनों पर काबू पा सकते थे | राजा ने कुछ भी गलत नहीं किया | यदि उसके स्थान पर रिचर्ड जैसा कोई बंदा होता तो अंग्रेजों की स्वतंत्रता सौ वर्ष पीछे चली जाती | राजा जॉन अपने घोड़े से उतर कर सबसे आगे की नाव में बैठ गया और उसने चार्टर पर हस्ताक्षर किये| इसी स्थान को आज मैग्ना कार्टा द्वीप नाम से जाना जाता है |
1.What made George get up early when he was staying with Mrs. Gippings?
Ans. One evening his watch had stopped at a quarter past eight. He had an appointment the next day at nine. He woke up at 3:00 but when he saw his watch showing 8:15, he dressed and rushed downstairs.
2.What made him curse the lady and call her a lazy old woman?
Ans. George was angry with Mrs. Gippings for not waking at a decent time. He thought he was already late and she was yet sleeping with locked main door which he himself had to open.
3.What advice did the policeman give to George?
Ans. The policeman advised George to go back home and throw his watch.
4.What made George think policeman would handcuff him?
Ans. George was afraid of making his breakfast for fear of noise which might make Mrs G. wake up and that she would think it was burglars, open the window and call “Police!” and lest police should handcuff him.
5.What made George laugh at the writer and what made him mump soon?
Ans. In a hurry to dress, the writer’s shirt fell into the water which made George laugh loudly. But soon he felt ashamed when Jim told him that it was his (George’s) shirt.
Answer the following questions in detail:
1.What made the three friends not to swim although they earlier had planned to do so?
Ans. The three friends had decided to have and early morning swim but the chilly wind and the cold water made them lose their zeal for it. Harris and George were reluctant but the writer decided to go down to the edge and just throw water on him. So he took his towel and crept to the branch of a tree that dipped into the water. The branch gave way and he fell into the water with a tremendous splash.
2.What happened to the writer and how did he try to hide the humiliation?
Ans. The writer decided to go down to the edge of water and just to throw water on himself. He crept to the branch of a tree that dipped into the water. As the writer stepped in, the branch gave way and he fell into the water with a loud splash. Harris cried “By Jove! old J.’s gone in.” The writer tried to hide the humiliation by telling that it was lovely and that they both were clumsy not to come in. He showed as if he were enjoying in the cold water. He asked George and Harris to try it but could not persuade them.
3.Describe the humour in Harris’s attempt to prepare breakfast.
Ans. Harris offered to cook scrambled eggs for all of them for breakfast. He assured them that it was his specialty. It made their mouths water. They handed him the stove, the frying-pan and half a dozen eggs. He had difficulty in breaking the eggs and putting them into the frying-pan. Whenever he touched the pan he burned himself. He was also afraid of messed eggs running up his trousers and sleeve. He just dropped everything into the frying-pan and danced. After sometime what they got was a teaspoonful of burnt and unappetizing mess.
4.Find out the great historical event that happened on June 1215 in England.
Ans. The signing of the Magna charta by king John, was the great historical event that took place in June 1215. It was a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent. The Magna Charta was signed by the king at Runningmede in England.
1.Harris had a boastful nature that always landed him in nothing but trouble. Explain.
Ans. Harris always seems boasting of himself. He boasts that he prepares very good scrambled eggs. But while doing so he makes a fool of himself. He is troubled of breaking the eggs and also looks incapable of getting them into the frying-pan after breaking them. He keeps the broken eggs off his trousers and preventing them from running up his sleeve. He put half a dozen eggs into the pan at last and then squatted down beside the pan. Then he dropped everything into the pan. He kept on flicking his fingers about and cursing the things and dancing around the stove. Finally all that came out was a teaspoonful of burnt and unappetizing looking mess.
2.Describe the character sketch of Jim as an admirer and lover of history.
Ans. A new fact of Jim’s nature has come out in this Chapter in the form of his love for history. He recount a memorable event of history, illustrating it with great verbal pictures full of details describing King John, the barons and the people of England. He has given us a vivid picture of the events that compel King John to sign the charter of liberty. The inner struggle of the king when he debates with himself to cut loose, a signal to his french troops, one desperate charge upon the rebellious barons and then he weighs the odds against him. His heart sinks before the stern faces of the English fighting men and the arm of King John drops back on to his rein, he dismounts and takes his seat in the barge. Thus he takes his first step to the signing of the great charter of liberties the Magna Charta. The writer has described and recorded the event for his readers and the posterity.