By- Subramanian Bharati
LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS
(to be answered in about 100 – 150 words each)
Q1. What kind of destruction can be caused by violent wind?
Ans: The wind, through its violent force, can play havoc in the world. It causes huge damage to life and property. Buildings collapse, window shutters are broken, papers are scattered and books are thrown down. The wind causes clouds to make heavy showers which create many problems for the poor and weak people. When the violent wind blows, the fragile, unsturdy houses crumble down, doors come off their hinges, rafters fall down, and the wooden panels collapse. The small flames of fires are also extinguished by the wind. The god of wind suppresses and destroys weak people and structures. Proud of his power, he causes large-scale destruction.
Q2. How does the poet use wind as a symbol in relation to human beings?
Human life is full of hardships. How does the poet reveal it?
Ans: In relation to human beings, the wind has been used by the poet as a symbol of hardships that life is dotted with. Men have to encounter terrible suffering, sorrows, difficulties, and failures. So powerful are these troubles that only very strong people are able to overcome them and move ahead. Weak, infirm and indecisive people surrender in front of hardships and accept defeat. But, strong people with patience, unwavering minds and firm will fight against the hardships and emerge even stronger. Human lives can never be devoid of struggle. One only needs physical and mental strength to overcome the unfavourable circumstances. The winds of troubles cannot harm those who have the power to stand firm. Strong people can turn their difficulties into opportunities and learn lessons from them. They know how to turn tides in their favour.
Q3. Which values of life do the poet emphasize in the poem? Or
Do you think the poem “Wind” is a didactic poem? What moral values does it preach?
Ans: The poem “Wind”, by Subramania Bharati, teaches a very deep moral lesson for human beings. The poet uses the wind as a symbol of problems in life while the sturdy structures symbolize unfaltering, strong human beings. The poet uses both the symbols and direct statement to bring home the values of strong physical health and mental powers, confidence and a firm will.
Life is not a cakewalk; it is strewn with obstacles and challenges. However only the weak-willed and infirm people are unable to beat these obstacles and challenges, and meekly accept their failures and defeats.
The forces of unfavourable, unhappy circumstances fail to conquer those who have the courage. Such people beat all odds against them and come out victorious and move on. Just as the wind extinguishes only small flames and the high flames rise higher with the wind, similarly troubles terrify only those who have not equipped themselves with an act of unfaltering courage and determination. Difficulties are a part of life; they cannot be avoided, but they can be resisted through courage and confidence. Thus, the poem is didactic in nature and emphasizes the values of courage, confidence and strong will.
Q4. Why does the poet suggest to the people that they have to be strong? Write your answer in the context of the poem, ‘Wind’.
Ans. According to the poet, the wind is very powerful. It has the power to break the shutters of the windows, scatter the papers and throw the books down the shelf. When it blows violently, it brings the clouds. It mocks at the weak and destroys their homes. The weak persons are really helpless before the wind. But the poet is quite hopeful. He thinks that when people build strong houses, they can challenge the wind. Actually, the poet suggests the people that they should be strong at heart because the weak persons cannot face the challenges of life. Only the people with a strong heart and body have the courage to face the challenges of life.
Q5. How can you say that friendship with the strong wind is good? Explain with reference to the poem ‘Wind’.
Ans. When we have a friendship with the strong, we learn several new things. We learn that we may become strong when we fight with difficulties. The people say that if we are strong, the wind may be our friend. Because the wind likes strong friends. So, if we desire to have the strength to be our friends, we have to show courage. This is the main reason that the poet talks about the steadfast heart in the poem.
Q6. How can you say that the poet of the poem ‘Wind’ is a great lover of mankind?
Ans. The poet wants to make people strong at hearts. His desire is that they should be bold enough to face the challenges of life. When we have strong houses, we can protect ourselves from the angry wind. In the same manner, when we are strong at heart we can face the challenges of life. Only the weak persons are defeated by the problems of life. Similarly, the poet wants that people should face the challenges of life and make their life happy. His thought shows that he is really a great humanist. His heart is filled with compassion for mankind.
Q7. The wind is a symbol of power and strength. How can we befriend it and survive in our struggle for existence?
Ans. The wind symbolises the uncontrollable and raw power of nature. The wind god symbolises strength and steadfastness. Weaklings who are weak in the mind and body are swept away by the mighty power of the wind. Only those who are blessed with steadfast minds and hearts survive in the bitter struggle of life. The poet gives a broader message. Whatever we do or think must stand on the foundations of strength and power. Only strong minds and bodies can face the anger of the wind and challenges of life. We can befriend the god of wind by building strong homes and doors. We can also win his favour by firming the body and making the heart steadfast.
Q8. What moral lesson do you get from the poem ‘Wind’?
Ans. The poem Wind’ is full of moral lessons. The poet has poured out his heart in the present poem. He says that people must be strong at heart because only the weak at heart are troubled by difficulties. Here, wind symbolises difficulties which have the power to devastate life on the earth. But if the people are strong at heart, they face the challenges thrown out by difficulties. They struggle and at last, come out with flying colours.