This is the best Poem about Wind Edumantra has tried to explain it well through wind analysis, wind Introduction, wind poem Message, Theme, Title, wind Characters, beehive wind poem Summary in English, Summary in Hindi, Word meanings, Complete lesson in Hindi, Extracts, wind Long answers, wind Short answers, wind Very short Answers, wind MCQs and much more.
By- Subramanian Bharati
Read the extracts and answer the questions that follow.
STANZAS FOR COMPREHENSION
Read the following extracts and answer the questions that follow in one or two lines.
Wind, come softly.
Don’t break the shutters of the windows.
Don’t scatter the papers.
Don’t throw down the books on the shelf.
The poem opens with the poet’s request to the wind. Addressing it directly, he wants the wind to blow gently so that the shutters of the windows are not broken and the papers are not blown about. The poet also urges the wind not to throw books down on the shelf.
(a) How does a violent wind disturb and damage things?
Ans: A violent wind breaks the window shutters and scatters the papers. It also throws down the books on the shelf.
(b) What request does the poet make to the wind?
Ans: The poet requests the wind to blow gently and not to cause any damage or destruction.
(c) Which poetic device has been used in these lines?
Ans: The poetic device used in these lines is ‘anaphora’ as the imperative ‘Don’t’ is repeated in three consecutive lines.
(d) What effect does this device create?
Ans: The imperative repetition of the word ‘Don’t’ at the beginning of three consecutive lines expresses the poet’s strong urge to the wind to be gentle and kind. It also creates a unique rhythm in the poem.
There, look what you did – you threw them all down.
You tore the pages of the books.
You brought rain again.
You’re very clever at poking fun at weaklings.
In these lines, the poet demonstrates the damage caused by the strong and fierce wind. it has thrown down all the books from the shelf and turn their pages.it causes the clouds to make rain. The poet believes that the wind, by destroying the weak things, seems to mock at their frailty and fragility.
(a) Whom does the poet address as ‘you’?
Ans: The poet addresses the wind that has been blowing fiercely as ‘you’.
(b) What does ‘them’ refer to?
Ans:‘Them’ refers to the books on the shelf.
(c) How have the pages of the books been torn?
Ans: The wind has blown so fiercely that the books placed on the shelf have fallen down and their pages have been torn when they fluttered because of the wind.
(d) How does the wind bring rain?
Ans: Wind accumulates and shakes up vapour-laden clouds to cause rain.
(e) How does the wind deal with the weaklings?
Ans: The wind harms and terrifies the weaklings with its fierce power and thus mocks their weakness.
Frail crumbling houses, crumbling doors, crumbling rafters,
crumbling wood, crumbling bodies, crumbling lives,
the wind god winnows and crushes them all.
These lines describe the havoc caused by a fierce wind. It destroys the inanimate things like weak houses, doors, rafters, wood etc. Similarly, the difficulties of discouraging human beings. The poet regards the wind as a god who acts like a winnower and sorts and destroys everything that comes in his contract. This means that weak people and things are crushed by the destructive power of the wind.
(a) Why are the houses, doors, rafters etc. crumbling?
Ans: The houses, doors, rafters etc. are crumbling because they are weak and cannot stand the onslaught of the destructive wind.
(b) Explain the expression: “crumbling lives, crumbling hearts”.
Ans: Many lives are lost when wind wreaks havoc. The lives of the survivors are shattered too because their loved ones are dead and their homes and property are destroyed. They are left with no hope in life.
(c) Why has the wind been called ‘god’?
Ans: Wind has been called ‘god’ because, like ‘god’, he uses his power to remove and crush the undesirable, weak things.
(d) What does the wind god do?
Ans: The wind god, using its force winnows and crushes everything and everybody that comes in its contact.
(e) Which poetic device has been used in the first three lines?
Ans: The poetic device used in these lines is anaphora i.e. the repetition of certain words. The word ‘crumbling’ has been repeatedly used to emphasise the destruction caused by the wind.
He won’t do what you tell him.
So, come, let’s build strong homes,
Let’s joint the doors firmly.
Practise to firm the body.
Make the heart steadfast.
The poet believes that the wind god acts according to his own wishes and does not relent even when we people urge him. Therefore, it is essential to equip our buildings, our bodies, and our hearts with immense strength so that we may withstand strong winds. As far as human lives are concerned, the wind is a symbol of daunting difficulties and challenges that can be overcome only with exceptional strength resistance, resilience, courage and determination.
(a) Who is ‘he’ in the first line?
Ans:‘He’ in the first line refers to the wind god.
(b) According to the poet, what preparations should be made to face the fury of the wind?
Ans: According to the poet, we should build strong homes and close the doors firmly to face the fury of the wind as he attacks and destroys the weaklings only.
(c) What is his attitude towards people?
Ans: He does not pay any heed to the requests and wishes of people and keeps blowing violently and causing destruction.
(d) Why should the houses and doors be made strong?
Ans: The houses and doors should be made strong to withstand the onslaught of the violent wind.
(e) What is the poet’s advice to people?
Ans: The poet advises people to strengthen their bodies as well as hearts to face the hardships that come their way. They should equip themselves with physical & mental strength, grit and determination so that they can remain unruffled and unharmed in difficult times.
Do this, and the wind will be friends with us.
The wind blows out weak fires.
He makes strong fires roar and flourishes.
His friendship is good.
We praise him every day.
The poet believes that if we are strong enough not to be shaken by the wind, it will become our friend. Here wind stands for the hardships of life. These hardships can make only weak people stagger; the strong people become stronger still by facing the difficulties, just like the wind can extinguish only weak flames of fire and the strong flames burn stronger still with a loud roar. If we befriend the wind, it will prove to be good for us.
(a) What does ‘this’ stand for in these lines?
Ans: This stands for the strengthening of buildings, bodies and human hearts so as to withstand the onslaught of furious wind.
(b)What is the impact of the wind on small, weak fires?
Ans: The wind overpowers the small, weak fires and is able to put them out.
(c) How does the wind treat strong fires?
Ans: Strong fires become fiercer when the wind blows. Instead of yielding to its power, their big flames rise higher and become stronger.
(d) Whose friendship does the poet talks of? Why is it good?
Ans: The poet talks about the friendship of people with the wind. This friendship is possible only when people are so healthy and strong, both mentally and physically, that they play bravely with the wind like a friend instead of falling prey to its destructive force.
(e)What does the poet mean by: “We praise him every day.”?
Ans: Wind is treated as a god with tremendous power and influence on our lives. We need to pacify this god in order to keep him pleased so that we can escape his wrath.