Following are the reading comprehension exercises known by many names as comprehension passages, short unseen passage for practice etc. These reading comprehension passages with questions and answers and reading comprehension tips ,will help you improve reading comprehension skills. These English short reading passages for kids may be used as low level reading comprehension worksheets and reading comprehension practice test, These online comprehension ks2 exercise will enhance reading skills. Teachers may use them as free reading comprehension worksheets, gre comprehension passages for elementary students, as well as they will help in teaching reading comprehension skills. Download in pdf and find comprehension strategies and know how to understand reading comprehension questions
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that fo llow –
“Why Do Birds Sing ?”
Why do birds sing? You might assume that birds sing because they are happy. While birds might be happy, they sing in order to communicate. One reason they sing is to stake a claim on territory. Birds sing to warn other birds to stay off their property. For example, a robin might stake a claim on a piece of land which measures about 200 feet wide by 200 feet long. This amount of land provides enough worms for the robin to feed its family. A bird maintains singing perches around the outside edges of its territory. The perches are high in the trees, so other birds can see and hear it. Birds also sing to find a mate. The length and complexity of the mating song gives information about the fitness of the bird. Healthy birds can sing longer, more complicated songs. Birds call to one another in shorter vocalizations in order to warn of danger and to locate one another. Birds sing instinctively. Young birds learn to perfect their songs by listening to adult birds and interacting with other birds. Birds in a local area might learn variations in the basic song which help them recognize other members of their group.
1) Why do birds sing?
A. To locate one another B. To warn other birds C. To find a mate D. All of the above
2) Birds perch very high so …?
A. other birds can hear them B. other birds can see them
C. they can hide there D. Both A and B are correct.
3) The health of a bird can be determined…
A. by the length of its song B. by the complexity of its song.
C. by the volume of its song D. Both A and B are correct.
4) Shorter bird vocalizations are …
A. territorial songs B. mating songs C. warnings D. None of the above
5) Young birds perfect their songs by …
A. natural instinct B. listening and interaction C. practice D. Both B and C are correct
6) Fitness is …
A. health. B. danger C. a song D. a warning.
7) What help does a basic song do ?
A. recognize other members B. Maintain health
C. Increase the length of their song C. Communicate with one another .
1. All of the above 2. Both A and B are correct
3. Both A and B are correct 4. warnings.
5. listening and interaction 6. a warning.
7. . Communicate with one another
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Read the following passage carefully:
Children need to learn to take care of themselves because schools can be very stressful.They need guidelines on ways to be calm, be able to return to the present moment, to be able to handle their emotions and realize that their emotions are not in their control.This guideline is what we call mindfulness training.Mindfulness meditation is the practice of stopping and becoming aware of what we are thinking and doing , in other words, introspecting.The more we are mindful of our thoughts, speech and actions, the more concentration and clarity we develop on what we are doing and the greater is our depth of understanding of a situation.Teachers and parents have to become role models for young people.Through mindful practices such as mindful breathing and mindful walking , they must be able to stop and look deeply and be callm in order to see the root and the consequence of an event /action/act with understanding and peace.If teachers can do that , children will follow it as well.Similarly,l we have to learn how to handle our anger without venting frustration on our children .We have to reach out and help diffuse the violence within ourselves. Mindfulness can be incorporated into the school and classroom .I can recall a mathematics teacher, who has come to several retreats at Plum Village , a retreat centre in France established by me , who had a difficult time in his classroom because he would get angry in no time,l and consequently used to throw chalk at his students.After he practiced mindfulness for a while, he transformed dramatically.He further shared the practice with the children also wherein they had to stop everything and clap their hands every 15 minutes to practice breathing and smiling.His students enjoyed practicing with him and his class made good progress.Soon every class in the school adopted my techniques.We should practice mindful meditation collectively , because looking deeply into our situation is not an individual matter.We have to combine our individual insights into collective wisdom.Students need deep relaxation to overcome the stress of contemporary live.There are several exercises that can help children practice mindfulness: practicing with a bell , pebble meditation , deer relexation , touching the earth for children, snack meditation and embracing strong emotions.In snack meditation, for instance students and teacher sit together in a circle and enjoy eating together in silence.The children are taught to wait to begin eating until everyone has got a snack and a drink.Further, the teacher can direct the conversation of looking deeply into the snack or just ask a few questions and then let students share and ask questions.
1.1.Complete the following sentences.Write your answer in the answer sheet:
(i)Mindfulness meditation is ………… ………… doing.
(ii)Teachers and parents have to …………………………………
(iii)We have to learn how to handle our anger………………………………………..
(iv)After , he practiced mindfulness …………………………………..
(v)Students need deep relaxation……………………………………..;.
(vi)In snack meditation , students and teachers sit ………………………………………
(vii)Further , the teacher can direct. ……………………
z(i)Causing tension or worry (ii)the action of thinking deeply in silence (iii) rest and enjoyment.
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