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The Lost Child
By- Mulk Raj Anand
Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each
ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS
Q.1. Write a note on the theme of the story ‘The Lost Child’.
Ans. The story The Lost Child’ is based on child psychology. A child is curious by nature. He is attracted by beautiful things. He wishes to possess everything which looks attractive. However, he takes interest in these things only when he is in the company of his parents. But when he is lost, these things lose their charm for him. In this story, a child goes to a fair with his parents. He is attracted by different things. He wishes to buy balloons, sweets and garlands of gulmohur. He wishes to enjoy a ride in the roundabout. But suddenly he finds that his parents are missing. Now he starts weeping. A kind man tries to console him. He offers to buy him a number of things. But the child goes on weeping. He wants only his parents.
Q.2. Give a description of the festival of spring.
Ans. The festival of spring was a gay occasion. It was held in a village. A number of people were going to the fair. They were wearing new clothes. Sonic of them were on foot. Others were in bullock carts and on horses. The fair was full of joy. A little boy was also going to the fair along with his parents. He was very happy. There were several shops selling toys, sweets, balloons. etc. At a shop, garlands of gulmohur Bowers were also being sold. The child wanted to buy balloons, sweets and other things. But his parents rejected his demands. There were jugglers also. Near the temple, the crowd was very thick. Some people were enjoying the ride in a roundabout. The child also wanted to have a ride in it. But he lost interest when he found his parents missing.
Q3. What were the things that the boy wanted to possess when he was with his parents?
Ans. The child went to a village fair with his parents. He saw several stalls of sweets and toys. At first. he liked a beautiful toy. He asked his parents to buy him that toy. But his father called him away from that shop. Then he tried to catch a butterfly. But he did not succeed. After that, he saw a sweets-seller. He wanted to have some burfi. But his father rejected his demand. Then he saw someone selling garlands of gulmohur flowers. The child wanted to buy a garland. But this demand was also rejected. After that, he wanted to buy a
balloon. His father did not buy it for him. Then the child saw a juggler. He wanted to stop and hear the music of his flute. But he feared his father. So he went on. In the end, he wanted to have a ride in a roundabout. But his parents were nowhere to be seen.
Q.4. Describe the condition of the child after he had lost his parents at the fair.
Describe the changes that occurred in the child in the spring festival.
Ans. The child went to the fair along with his parents. He was very happy. He was attracted by the colourful and beautiful things. He saw balloons, flower garlands, toys and sweets. He saw a juggler showing tricks. He also saw a roundabout. But he was sad because his parents rejected all his demands. They did not purchase anything for him. He could not enjoy the juggler’s tricks. Then he wanted to have a ride on the roundabout Ile turned to ask his parents. But he found them missing. He was separated from them. Now a sudden change came in the child. He started crying for his parents. A kind man tried to console him. But the child lost interest in everything. He wanted to join his parents again. He cried, “I want my mother. I want my father!”
Q5. How did the festival of spring bring out the latent joy in human nature?
Ans: The festival of spring marks the onset of sunshine after a long spell of cold winter. Everything in nature comes back to life. The bustling insects, worms, trees and fields fill the human heart with joy. The festival of spring, as described in the lesson “The Lost Child”, brings together people from different parts and they express their happiness by thronging the fair in large numbers. They dress up brightly and the colour yellow dominates their attire. Sweets, flowers, swings, games etc. mark this day. People take a break from their daily routine and enjoy the festival with their loved ones. They also remember to express gratitude to God by visiting the shrine. Thus, the latent joy in human nature gets expressed in spring.
Q6. The man who had rescued the child was compassionate and kind. Discuss.
What values of humanity are reflected through the character of the kind man?
Ans: The man who had rescued the child had a heart full of goodness. He did not ignore the painful shrieks of the boy calling for his parents. Risking his own safety, he bent down in the crowd to rescue the child from getting trampled. He forgot his own purpose of visiting the shrine did his best to comfort and soothe the scared boy. He talked to him very kindly and inquired about his parents. When he did not get any response from the child, he did not lose patience. Instead, he tried to make him feel at ease b offering him the little things that children love. The man sincerely tried to pacify the child so that he could help him to find his parents. His character thus reflects the human values of kindness, compassion, care and love.
Q7.When does the child realise that he has lost his way? How have his anxiety and insecurity been described? (Textual)
Ans: The child was attracted by many things on his way to the fair. Being drawn towards them, he often lagged behind but he would try to catch up with his parents whenever they would call out to him. However, things took a sad turn when he got so engrossed by the sweetmeat-seller, balloon-seller, garlands, and the snake charmer’s flute that he kept moving without waiting for his parent’s reply. Finally, he could not resist the roundabout and turned back for his parents’ response to his plea for a ride. At this point, he realised that he had lost his way since his parents were nowhere to be found. A deep cry of anxiety and insecurity choked his throat. Tears rolled down from his eyes. His flushed face convulsed with fear. Panic-stricken, he ran in all directions. Not knowing where to go and what to do, he cried for his mother and father.
Q8. The child was denied everything by his parents. Why then did his love for them not lessen in any way?
Ans: The child had come to the fair with his parents to have fun and to enjoy the festive spirit like others. Although he wanted to have many things at the fair, he knew that he could not have them because his parents disliked those things. Although he was denied everything that he asked for, his love for them did not lessen. He enjoyed the natural beauty and satisfied himself by simply looking at the things he liked but could not have. He accompanied them obediently and did not throw any tantrums or compel them in any way to buy him sweets, garlands, balloons etc. His deep love for them can be seen when he gets separated from them. He misses them terribly and feels lonely. At that time his only concern is to get them back.
Q9. Compare the child’s behaviour before and after he lost his parents.
Ans: Before losing his parents, the child is in a happy, cheerful and playful mood. He gets attracted to many things on the way but follows his parents’ call whenever they ask him to. He is amazed by the beauty of nature and enjoys it in his innocent way. He feels secure in the presence of his parents and so he does not even wait for their response when he demands things from them. However, on getting separated, he is filled with fear and panic. He cries inconsolably and gets lost in a large crowd of people all around. He refuses to accept even those things that he had wanted a little while ago. Everything else loses value in his eyes in the absence of his parents. His laughter and happiness are replaced by insecurity and fear.
Q10. “A child longs for toys, sweets and other things but not at the cost of his parents.” Comment.
Ans. When the child realised that he had been separated from his parents, he started crying. Tears rolled down his cheeks. His face was full of fear. He was panicked and ran here and there. His yellow turban got untied. His clothes became muddy. He ran towards the shrine in search of his parents. There was a thick crowd. Before he could be trampled under their feet, a kind-hearted person picked him up in his arms. He asked him how he got there and where his parents were. The child wept more bitterly and cried for his parents.
Q11. When children are taken to a fair, they ask their parents to buy them many things. Should their parents do so? Explain with reference to the lesson The Lost Child’.
Ans. Children are the beauty of our house. Without them the picture of our house is incomplete. They are the future of our house. While rearing them, parents have to take every care. There is no limit to the demands of children. Good parents always try to fulfil them as far as possible. Children like to visit fairs very much. They want to enjoy things and go on a roundabout. When parents take their children to the fair, they have to take every care of them, otherwise, their children may get lost in the fair. If children are attracted by any snake charmer or some beautiful scenes in the fair, they should not allow their children to drift away. Instead, they should always hold the hands of children tightly in the fair. Moreover, children should be allowed to eat only those things in the fair which may not create problems for their health. While in the fair, children should be given every opportunity to enjoy it.
Q12. When the child got lost in the fair a stranger helped him and tried to solve his problem. What do you feel about the behaviour of the stranger?
Ans. The stranger was certainly a kind-hearted man. He saved the child from being trampled under the feet. He loved children very much. He lifted the lost child in his lap and offered him all those things which the child desired to have earlier. He also offered the child to go on the roundabout. Obviously, such persons are rare and their responsibility gets increased in the fair. The stranger showed the love of parents in his behaviour towards the lost child. He tried to assure the child that he should not be afraid of anything in the fair. He will find the parents and hand over the lost child to him. The stranger also knew that the lost child could not live with his parents because he was weeping bitterly for his parents. Still, he tried to make the lost child happy. With his kind behaviour, the stranger proved that everybody has immense love for children.
Q13. You have gone to a fair. Your parents refuse to buy certain things for you. How will you react?
Ans. I will not feel very bad. I will leave it to my parents what to buy and what not to buy. My parents know what is best for me. They know my likes and dislikes.
They have to take into consideration so many things before spending their money. They have to meet so many expenses of the household. They have to see that no harm comes to me. So they are the best to judge what is good for me. So they should decide to buy the things needed by me.
Q14. Had you been in place of the lost child, what would you have done to find your parents in the fair?
Ans. Initially, I will be under great fear and panic. But I will try to find my parents with the help of others. I will try to find a policeman and ask him to give me some advice. He will take me to the control room so that an announcement can be made in loudspeakers. I will give my address and the phone number of my parents so that they can be located.
Q15. You are taken to a fair by your parents. How will you behave with your parents? Explain with reference to the lesson ‘The Lost Child’.
Ans. When our parents take us to a fair, we should always try to follow their instructions. We should walk along with them so that we may not get lost in the fair. Besides, we must keep the mobile number and address of our house in the pocket. If we are lost in the fair, we should not eat things or sweets offered by other people because they might be kidnappers and criminals. If we are lost in the fair, we should take help from the police. Our parents have immense love for us. In the fair, we should not pressurise our parents to buy unnecessary things. Our act may humiliate our parents. It is our duty to keep them happy. We should not become a burden on our parents. We should always keep in mind the hard work they do for us.
Q16. What were the things the child wanted to have in the fair when he was with his parents?
Ans. The child went to the fair along with his parents. He was very happy. In the fair, he saw several stalls of sweets and toys. He saw some beautiful toys and asked his parents to buy them. But his parents tried to distract the child from the shop. Then, he saw a sweet-seller. He was selling Rasogulla, Gulab-Jamun, Burfi, etc. The child liked Burfi very much and wanted to buy some. Again his parents returned his demand and went ahead. Then the child saw some men selling garlands of gulmohur flowers. He wanted to buy some garland but his demand was rejected by his parents again. He also saw some men selling colourful balloons and wanted to buy some. Again his parents did not show interest in his demands and rejected it. Moreover, the child wanted to hear music played on the flute by the snake charmer, but he was not allowed to stay long near the snake charmer. His desire to go to the roundabout was also rejected.