Download The Last Lesson work sheet pdf and other study material as the lesson The Last Lesson by Alphonse Daudet is well explained through Introduction, Message, The Fun They Had theme, Title, Characters, Summary in English, Summary in Hindi, Word meanings, Complete lesson in Hindi, Extracts, the fun they had questions and answers, Long answers, Short answers, Very short Answers, MCQs and much more absolutely free.
The Last Lesson
By- Alphonse Daudet
Theme / Central Idea of the Lesson. Analysis of The Last Lesson
“Chauvinism” is a devotion for or against something, just based on what you feel (not necessarily what you may know). So, Linguistic chauvinism is the idea that one’s language is superior to that of others. This happens generally when the language is that of the ruling class.
Linguistic chauvinism refers to the imposition of one language on others. Language is considered to be the cultural identity of the people who use it. The language is the pride of the country as it defines the cultural history.
The Last Lesson raises the burning question very innocently through the words of little Franz that “Will they make them sing in German, even the pigeons?” This raises the question of imposing a language on others. The child questions that when even the birds and animals can’t be forced to abandon their language, then what forces a man to enforce a language on others.
Theme (2) :
‘The Last Lesson’ revolves around the language and its importance to the citizens of a country. It is the duty of every citizen to safeguard the language of the country as it is the identity of that country. The lesson depicts how after defeating France in the war, the Prussians wanted to rule over not only the territory of France but also over the minds and hearts of the people. The story reinforces the fact that we value something more when it is lost. The pain and anguish of the students and the teacher is evident as everyone realizes how things were taken for granted. The lesson emphasizes the importance of the mother tongue for everyone and the need to realize the fact that it is our language which gives us our identity, respect and freedom.
The attitude of teachers and students towards learning and teaching.
Justify the title of (The Last Lesson )
Justification of Title
The story ‘The Last Lesson’ highlights the human tendency that there is plenty of time to do things; hence, the man keeps postponing the lessons of life, oblivious to the fact that life is subject to change. The people of Alsace always thought they had plenty of time to learn the lessons; therefore, they did not give much importance to the school. They preferred their children to work on the farms and mills instead of having them learn the lessons. Even Franz, the narrator, always looked for opportunities to skip school and look for birds’ nests or go sliding on the banks of the river Saar. However, the unexpected happens and an order is received from Berlin regarding the compulsory teaching of German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. It is then that the people of Alsace realise that they would be deprived of what they had not been valuing all this while. The story is aptly titled as it evokes the consciousness in the reader not to put off things and do what one can do that day. M. Hamel’s bold ‘Long live France’ on the blackboard becomes substantial evidence of his sadness, patriotism and finality.