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The Last Lesson
By- Alphonse Daudet
Value Based Questions and Answers of (The Last Lesson )
Q1. My Last French Lesson! Why! I hardly know how to write! The problem is that students don’t take school seriously and parents are not keen to make them study. Write an article on the role of society and the government in solving the problem.
Ans. M. Hamel blames himself and the parents for the neglect of learning by the students. The parents would rather send their children to work on farms and in mills (for extra money, rather than attend school. M. Hamel, the teacher would give students a holiday when he wanted to go fishing or wanted them to water the flowers thus neglecting studies. India has a poor literacy rate. The problem of illiteracy and school dropouts persists. This problem can be solved with the efforts of the society and the government. The NGOs and the government can make education need-based and incorporate vocational training into the curriculum. The government can give incentives so that children go to school. Midday meals, free uniform and books can be an incentive. Media can create awareness about the importance of education for removing backwardness and illiteracy.
Q2. What message does the story ‘The Last Lesson’ carry? How relevant is it today?
Ans. The story carries the message of the importance of holding on to one’s identity and culture and not losing it or taking it for granted. It emphasizes the importance of holding onto one’s language as the key to our identity. It highlights the importance of one’s language in preserving our heritage and history. In the story, the oppressors were using the ultimate weapon of imposing their language on their captives in a bid to wipe out their national identity and pride. It, therefore, has a strong message for us to take pride in our own language because it gives us our identity which once lost cannot be regained.
3.Bah! I have plenty of time. I’ll learn it tomorrow.
Franz was shocked when he heard that it was the last lesson in French and he hardly knew his mother tongue.
Many of us find ourselves in similar situations and regret when all is over. What qualities should we inculcate in our life so that we are able to achieve our goals?
Ans. Opportunity knocks the door only once. In fact, everyone gets only one chance in life and if it’s lost there. is no way to redeem it. It is said that hard work can turn the impossible into possible. But along that, value for time is very essential. Most of us are in a habit of delaying things. Unless and until we are consistent and regular in our efforts, we cannot achieve our goals. Setting a goal is an easy a task but the journey to reach that goal is a tedious task and demands perseverance, grit and determination. One has to be focused and consistent in one’s efforts.
To achieve our goal in life, we need to understand the importance of time. Like Franz, we should not delay the efforts and sit comfortably thinking that there is enough time. As we know that time and tide wait for no man. So in order to achieve our goals, we need to be vigilant, consistent, punctual, regular hardworking and a determined person who greatly values time.
4. The people of Alsace and Lorraine did not understand the importance of learning their language French. Emphasising the importance and need for learning one’s native language, discuss what values are revealed when one sets upon learning one’s native language.
Ans. One of the major effects of Westernization is that people have started losing interest in learning their native language. One’s native language is the repository of one’s culture, identity and way of living. As long as one speaks and communicates in one’s language, one can be proud of oneself. Many Indians who live abroad make it compulsory for their family to speak in their native language at home so as to have a sense of belongingness to their country. In fact, the native language binds us with our roots. Every language has its own speciality and the people who speak that language imbibe that speciality. Above all, native language inculcates a sense of pride. A person who doesn’t know his native language is like a slave who has no freedom.
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