NCERT Book Page Number 10
1. Answer these questions in a few words or a couple of sentences each.
(a) How old are Margie and Tommy?
Ans. Margie is eleven and Tommy is thirteen years old.
(b) What did Margie write in her diary?
Ans. Margie wrote in her diary, “Today Tommy found a real book!”
(c) Had Margie ever seen a book before?
Ans. No, Margie had never seen a book before.
(d) What things about the book did she find strange?
Ans. She found that the words in the book standstill. They did not move, unlike the words on the television screen. It had the same words on it that they had read earlier.
( e) What do you think a tale book is?
Ans. It is not a real book like a book printed on pages. It is a book that is telecasted on the T.V. screen.
(f) Where was Margie’s school? Did she have any classmates?
Ans. Margie’s school was in her house. Her schoolroom was next to her bedroom. She had no classmate.
(g) What subjects did Margie and Tommy learn?
Ans. Margie learnt geography and mathematics while Tommy learnt history subject.
2.Answer the following with reference to the story
(I) ‘I wouldn’t throw it away.’
(I) who says these words?
Ans. ‘Tommy says these words.
(II) What does ‘it’ refer to?
Ans. ‘It’ refers to the old book that was printed on paper.
(iii) What is it being compared with by the speaker?
Ans. The speaker compares it with his television screen.
(b) ‘Sure they had a teacher, but it wasn’t a regular teacher. It was a man.
(I) Who does ‘they’ refer to?
Ans. The word ‘they’ refers to the students of the time when these were real books and man teachers in the schools.
(d) What does ‘regular’ mean here?
Ans. Here ‘regular’ means a mechanical teacher appeared on the T.V. screen daily.
(f) What is it contrasted with?
Ans. It is contrasted with a mechanical teacher that flashed on their television screen.
3.Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (in about 30 words).
(a) What kind of teachers did Margie and Tommy have?
Ans. Margie and Tommy had mechanical teachers. They appeared daily on their television screen at the fixed time and gave their lessons. They gave them homework, checked their homework and judged their progress in study.
(b) Why did Margie’s mother send for the County Inspector?
Ans. The mechanical teacher had been giving test after test to Margie in geography. Margie had been doing worse and worse. Her mother was very upset about it. So she sent for the County Inspector to check her mechanical teacher.
(c) What did he do?
Ans. He took the mechanical teacher apart. He checked every part of it. He found that the geography sector of the mechanical teacher was working at a fast speed. He slowed it up to an average ten-year level student. He reassembled it and now it was working smoothly.
(d)Why was Margie doing badly at geography? What did the County Inspector do to help her? ,
Ans. The geography sector of Margie’s mechanical teacher was geared a little too quick. She could not respond to it properly. So she was doing badly in geography. The County Inspector slowed it up to an average ten-year student level
(e) what had once happened to Tommy’s teacher?
Ans. Once the history sector of Tommy’s teacher had blanked out completely. The County Inspector came and took the teacher away for nearly a month.
(f) Did Margie have regular days and hours for schools? If so, why?
Ans. Yes, Margie had regular days and hours for school. I left school was in her home. It was in the room next to her bedroom. The mechanical teacher was waiting for her at a fixed time. It was always at the same time every day except Saturday and Sunday.
(g ) How does Tommy describe the old kind of school?
Ans. Tommy says that hundreds and hundreds of year ago there was old kind of schools. Those schools also had teachers. But they were not regular teachers. They were men. The school had a special building and all the kids went there and learnt the same thing.
(h) How does he describe the old kind of teachers?
Ans. He says that in the old kind of schools there were teachers too. They were not regular teachers. They were men. They taught the same things to the kids.
4.Answer each of these questions in two or three paragraphs (100-150 words)
(a) What are the main features of the mechanical teachers and schoolrooms that Margie and Tommy have in the story?
Ans. Margie and Tommy have their individual schools. These schools are in their respective homes. Margie’s schoolroom is next to her bedroom. She enters this room at a fixed time to attend the teacher. Tommy has the same kind of school at his home. Margie and Tommy have mechanical teachers. They appear on their television screen at the fixed time. They deliver their lecture, ask the questions, give homework and check the homework and assignment papers. Sometimes these mechanical teachers get some fault. Mechanics are needed to set them right. These mechanical teachers are adjusted to the mental level of the student otherwise the students show poor results.
(b) Why did Margie hate school? Why did she think the old kind of school must have been fun?
Ans. Margie always hated school. Her school was in her home. It was in the room next to her bedroom. She was the only student in that school. Her teacher was not any man but it was a mechanical teacher. It flashed on her television screen. These days she hated school more than ever. The mechanical teacher had been giving her test after test in geography. She had been doing worse and worse. Her mother sent for the County Inspector. He came and set it slower up to the mental level of Margie. When Margie came to know that the schools in the old days were in a special building, she was surprised. All the kids from far the near went there and learnt the same thing. They had a man teacher to teach them. They played together. So the old kind of schools must have been fun.
NCERT Book Page Number 11
(c) Do you agree with Margie that schools today are more fun than the school in the story ? Give reasons for your answer
Ans. Yes, I fully agree with Margie that schools today are more fun than the school in the story. Today the schools are situated in special buildings. All the kids go there to learn the same thing. The syllabus for each class is the same. In the morning assembly, the children of all classes get together at one place and say their prayer to God. It is very interesting. In modem schools, the main stress is put on the all-round development of a child’s personality. Sports, N.C.C., N.S.S. Scouts and Guides are the main activities which help in the process of personality development a lot. There are men teachers available in modem schools. These teachers influence the young ones through their loving behaviour and fascinating personality. The schools in the story are individual schools. They are situated in each house in a room. Only one student gets instructions from the technical teacher. One feels quite dull and boring with this type of schools.
Read this sentence taken from the story :
They had once taken Tommy’s teacher away for nearly a month because the history sector had blanked out completely.
The word complete is an adjective. When you add -ly to it, it becomes an adverb.
1. Find the sentences in the lesson which have the adverbs in the box below.
awfully, sorrowfully, completely, loftily,
carefully, differently, quickly, nonchalantly
Now use these adverbs to fill in the blanks in the sentences below.
(i )The report must be read ________so that performance can be improved.
(ii) At the interview, he answered our questions_______ _, shrugging his shoulders.
(iii) We all behave________ when we are tired or hungry.
(iv) The teacher shook her head________ when Ravi lied to her.
(v) I________ forgot about it.
(vi) When 1 complimented her on her success, she just smiled________ and turned away.
(vii) The President of the Company is________ busy and will not be able to meet you.
(viii) I finished my work ________so that I could go out to play.
Ans. (e) carefully, (it) loftily, (iii) differently, (iv) sorrowfully, (v) quickly, (vi) nonchalantly, (vii) awfully. (viii) completely.
An adverb describes an action. You can form adverbs by adding -ly to adjectives.
Spelling note :
When an adjective ends in -y, they change to I when you add -ly to form an adverb.
For example angry ——–angry-i-ly
NCERT Book Page Number 12
2. Make adverbs from these adjectives.
(a) angry ________ (b) happy ________
(c) merry________ (d) sleepy________
(e) easy________ (f) noisy ________
(g) tidy ________ (h) gloomy________
(a) angrily (b) happily
(c) merrily (d) sleepily
(e) easily (f) noisily
(g) tidily (h) gloomily
B. If not and unless
Imagine that Margie’s mother told her, “You’ll feel awful if you don’t finish your History lesson.” She could also say: “You’ll feel awful unless you finish your History lesson.” Unless means if not. Sentences with unless or if not are negative conditional sentences. Notice that these sentences have two parts. The part that begins with if not or unless tells us the condition. This pan has a verb in the present tense (look at the verbs don’t finish, finish in the sentences above). The other part of the sentence tells us about a possible result. It tells us what will happen (if something else doesn’t happen). The verb in this part of the sentence is in the future tense (you’//feel/you will feel…).
Notice these two tenses again in the following examples :
(Future Tense) (Present Tense)
1. There won’t be any books left unless we preserve them.
2. You won’t learn your lessons if you don’t study regularly.
3. Tommy will have an accident unless he drives more slowly.
Complete the following conditional sentences. Use the correct form of the verb.
(i) If I don’t go to Anu’s party tonight,___________________
(ii) If you don’t telephone the hotel to order food, ___________________
(iii) Unless you promise to write back, I___________________
(iv) If she doesn’t play any games, ___________________
(v) Unless that little bird flies away quickly, the cat___________________
(i) If I don’t go to Anu’s party tonight, she will be angry with me.
(ii) If you don’t telephone the hotel to order food, you won’t get any food there.
(iii) Unless you promise to write back, I shall not let you go.
(iv) If she doesn’t play any games, she won’t be given the membership of sports club.
(v) Unless that little bird flies away quickly, the cat will catch it.
A newly revised volume of Issac Asimov’s short stories has just been released. Order one set. Write a letter to the publisher, Mind fame Private Limited, 1632 Asaf Ali Road, New Delhi, requesting that a set is sent to you by Value Payable Post (VPP), and giving your address. Your letter will have the following parts :
NCERT Book Page Number 13
Addresses of the sender and receiver
the body of the letter
the closing phrases and signature
Your letter might look like this :
The addressee’s address
Remember that the language of a formal letter is different from the colloquial style of personal letters. For example, contracted forms such as I’ve or can ? are not used.
16A, Rohini Colony,
Deepak English Class–IxIHRI
Mind fame Private Limited,
1632, Asaf All Road,
Please send me a complete set of the newly revised volume of Issac Asimov’s short stories as per app at my above-mentioned address. I request you to send these books urgently.
NCERT Book Page Number 14
In groups of four discuss the following topic.
The Schools of the Future will have no Books and no Teachers!
Your group can decide to speak for or against the motion. After this, each group will select a speaker to present its views to the entire class.
You may find the following phrases useful to present your argument in a debate.
In my opinion……………….
I/we fail to understand why ……………….
I/we support the motion ……………….
I wholeheartedly support/oppose the view that ……………….
I’d/we’d like to raise the issue of/ to argue against ……………….
I should like to draw attention to ……………….
My/our worthy opponent has submitted that……………….
On the contrary……………….
I firmly reject……………….
In my opinion, the schools of the present days are the best, form of schools. Schools are not meant only to provide education but they are a workshop of moulding the young children into the best citizens of a nation. I fail to understand why schools with mechanical teachers are needed. I support the notion that the schools in special buildings with men teachers should be promoted. I wholeheartedly oppose the motion of the schools with mechanical teachers. At the outset let me say that this type of schools will produce only calculator type students but no Abraham Lincoln. I would like to raise the issue of mechanical teachers in the media and treat an atmosphere against it. I should like to draw attention to the adverse effects of these mechanical teachers school. The product of these schools will be purely self-centred. They will have no faith in cooperation and toleration. My worthy opponent has said that they will produce the best quality of students but I can say with a guarantee that their product will be of the worst quality in terms of human relationships. I firmly reject the motion of schools with mechanical teachers.