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The Adventures of Toto
By- Ruskin Bond
SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
(to be answered in about 30 – 40 words each
Q1. How does Toto come to Grandfather’s private zoo? (Textual)
Why did the author’s Grandfather decide to buy Toto?
Ans: Grandfather was fond of pets and he had seen the tonga-driver’s red monkey kept tied to a feeding trough. He felt the monkey looked completely out of place and bought him for five rupees to add him to his private zoo of birds and beasts.
Q2. “Toto was a pretty monkey”. In what sense is Toto pretty? (Textual)
Ans: Toto was a pretty monkey in the sense that his appearance was cute. His bright sparkling eyes, deep-set eyebrows, and pearly white teeth gave him a pretty look. Even Toto’s long tail added to his good looks.
Q3. How did Toto use his body parts to his advantage?
Ans: Toto used his bright eyes to display a mischievous glint. He used his pearly white teeth to smile in a way that would scare Anglo-Indian ladies. He used his fingers quickly and wickedly to pick up things. He used his tail, his third hand, to hang from branches or to pull something that was at a distance.
Q4. Why did Grandfather hide Toto for some time when he brought him home?
Why was Toto’s entry into Grandfather’s zoo kept a secret?
Ans: Grandfather, who was fond of pets, would face resistance from Grandmother whenever he brought a new pet into the house. So, he hid Toto for some time and kept his entry a secret until Grandmother was in a good mood.
Q5. Where was Toto kept immediately after Grandfather got him? Why?
Ans: Toto was put in a closet opening into the narrator’s bedroom wall. He was tied securely to a peg fastened into the wall. He was kept here secretly because Grandmother created fuss whenever a new pet was brought into the house.
Q6. What destruction was caused by Toto to the narrator’s room?
Ans: Toto tore off the ornamental paper that covered the wall of the narrator’s room and wrenched the peg, to which he had been tied, from its socket. He also tore the narrator’s school blazer into shreds.
Q7. How did Grandfather react when Toto destroyed things on his first day in the house?
Ans: Instead of being angry, Grandfather was pleased at the damage that Toto had caused on his first day in the house. He thought the monkey was clever and felt that if he had got more time, he would have tied the blazer-shreds into a rope and escaped from the window.
Q8. What pets did Grandfather have? Where did they live?
Ans: Grandfather’s pets included a tortoise, a pair of rabbits, and a tame squirrel. They lived together peacefully in a big cage in the servants’ quarters where the narrator’s pet goat also lived. Grandfather also had a donkey named Nana that lived in the stable. Toto was the latest addition to the group.
Q9. How did Toto behave when he was kept with other pets of Grandfather?
Ans: Toto, the mischievous monkey, ill-treated the other pets of Grandfather. He did not let anyone sleep at night. He bit the long ears of the donkey, Nana, when he was given a place with him in the stable.
Q10. Where and why was Grandfather going the next day?
Ans: Grandfather used to live in Dehra Dun and was going to Saharanpur the next day. He was a retired man and was going there to collect his pension.
Q11. Why did Grandfather decide to take Toto with him to Saharanpur?
Ans: Grandfather decided to take Toto with him to Saharanpur in order to keep his presence in the house a secret from Grandmother. Left behind, Toto would have certainly caused trouble like he did when he was kept first in the closet and then with the other pets.
Q12. How did Grandfather decide to carry Toto to Saharanpur? Why?
Ans: Grandfather decided to carry Toto to Saharanpur in a big black canvas kit-bag because Toto was a very mischievous monkey. Had he not been bound and zipped up in the bag, he would have definitely created trouble. Besides, carrying animals without permission was not allowed by the railway authorities.
Q13. How did Grandfather try to keep the presence of his travelling-mate a secret?
Who was Grandfather’s travelling-mate to Saharanpur? How did he try to keep his presence a secret?
Ans: Toto was Grandfather’s travelling-mate to Saharanpur. To keep his presence a secret, Grandfather put him into a big canvas kit-bag and put some straw at the bottom. The canvas was too thick for Toto to bite through it and the bag was so tightly closed that it did not allow any outlet to him.
Q14. “An exhibition attracted a curious crowd of onlookers at the Dehra Dun railway platform”. What was the cause of this exhibition?
Ans: The canvas kit-bag in which Toto had been placed did not allow the naughty animal to escape. Therefore, when he attempted to release himself, he would move inside frantically. The bag would then roll about on the floor and at times jump into the air thus attracting a crowd of curious onlookers at the platform.
Q15. How did the ticket-collector learn about the presence of Toto?
Ans: Toto’s presence in the bag remained hidden until the journey to Saharanpur. But when Grandfather was getting his ticket checked at the railway turnstile, Toto peeped out of the bag and grinned at the ticket-collector.
Q16. What did the ticket-collector classify Toto as? Why did he do so?
Ans: The railway ticket-collector classified Toto as a dog. Actually, the monkey had looked out of the bag to give the ticket-collector a wide grin. As a rule, only a dog was allowed to travel by train and was charged for it. That is why Toto was termed as a dog.
Q17. Why did Grandfather get annoyed at the Saharanpur station?
Ans: Grandfather got annoyed at the Saharanpur station because the ticket-collector insisted on calling Toto a dog. In addition, he compelled the old man to pay three rupees as fare for carrying the animal with him.
Q18. Why did Grandfather show his tortoise to the ticket-collector?
Ans: Grandfather got annoyed when the ticket-collector refused to accept Tato as a monkey and asked for fare terming the monkey a dog. Half-sarcastic and half-angry, Grandfather took out the tortoise from his pocket, showed it to the ticket-collector and offered to pay for it as well.
Q19. Why didn’t the ticket-collector charge for the tortoise?
Ans: The ticket-collector did not charge for the tortoise because, according to his probe, it was not a dog and according to railway-rules only dogs could be charged. This was funny as even Toto was not a dog.
Q20. When and where was Toto given a comfortable home?
Ans: Toto was given a comfortable home in the stable after his presence became known and acceptable to Grandmother. In the stable, Toto had Nana, the donkey, as his companion.
Q21. Who was Nana? How did Toto trouble him?
Ans: Nana was the narrator’s family donkey. Toto troubled Nana by clinging on to its long ears with his sharp teeth. He did so on the very first night that he shared the stable with the donkey.
Q22. Why couldn’t Toto and Nana become friends?
Ans: Toto and Nana couldn’t become friends because he troubled Nana by clinging on to its long ears with his sharp teeth. This upset the donkey and the two could never become friends.
Q23. Describe Toto’s bath ritual.
How did Toto take a bath during winters? How did he learn to bathe in that manner?
Ans: Toto enjoyed a warm bath on cold winter evenings. Grandmother would give a large bowl of warm water for this. He would first check the temperature of the water with his hand and then he would step in the bowl by putting one foot after the other, just like the narrator used to do. Next, he would rub soap all over with his hands or feet. When the water would cool down, he would get out and rush to the kitchen-fire to dry himself.
Q24. When and why would Toto refuse to take a bath?
Ans: Toto would refuse to take a bath if someone laughed at him as he rushed to the kitchen fire to dry himself. He would feel hurt at being mocked in this manner.
Q25. How did Toto’s love for warm bath almost lead to his being half-boiled?
Ans: One day Toto saw a large kitchen kettle that had been left on the fire to boil for tea. He removed the lid and found the water warm enough for a bath. He got into it and a little while later, when the water began to boil, started hopping up and down. At last, Grandmother came and took out a half-boiled Toto from the kettle.
Q26. “The brain part devoted to mischief was far more developed in Toto”. Do you agree with this observation of the narrator? Support your answer with instances from the text.
Ans: Toto, although an intelligent monkey, used all his energy in playing mischief and that too of a destructive nature. He would tear and break things or trouble and irritate others. To make matters worse, he would enjoy his mischievous acts. That is why the narrator has made this remark about Toto.
Q27. What incident led to Grandfather’s decision of not keeping Toto as a pet?
Ans: Toto was once caught stuffing ‘pullao’ during lunch-time. On being screamed at by Grandmother and the narrator’s aunt, Toto hurled a plate and a glass of water at them. After that, he picked up the dish and escaped through the window in the branches of the jackfruit tree. He threw down and broke the dish after finishing the last grain of rice. This led Grandfather to decide against keeping him as a pet any longer.
Q28. Where did Grandfather finally send Toto and what did it cost him?
Ans: Grandfather finally sold Toto back to the same tonga-driver from whom he was earlier bought. However, Toto had been bought for five rupees and could be sold back only for three rupees.
Q29. Why did Grandfather give away Toto, the monkey?
Why does the author say, “Toto was not the sort of pet we could keep for long”? (Textual)
Ans: Toto could not be kept as a pet for long because he was hyperactive and mischievous. He could neither be trained nor tamed. His antics brought frequent loss of dishes, clothes, curtains, wall-paper etc which was too much to overlook since the family was not well-to-do enough to bear such frequent losses. So, Grandfather finally gave him away to the tonga-driver for three rupees.
Q30. Toto was not an animal that could be trained into a pet. Why?
Ans: Toto was actually a wild monkey and that was probably the reason why the tonga-driver used to keep it tied. At Grandfather’s house, he did enough mischief that proved that he was destructive and could not be trained.
Q31. Why was Grandfather attracted to Toto?
Ans: Grandfather was a lover of animals. He had a number of birds and beasts as pets in his own private zoo. This love for animals attracted him to Toto who was quite cute. His bright eyes, white teeth, and long tail added to this attraction.
Q32. “Toto was a pretty monkey.” In what sense is Tow pretty?
Ans. Toto had bright eyes sparkling with mischief, pearly white teeth, quick and wicked fingers and a gracious tail which served as a third h and. The smile of Toto was cute and frightened elderly Anglo-Indian ladies. Altogether, these qualities made him pretty.
Q33. How does Toto take a bath? Where has he learnt to do this? How does Toto almost boil himself alive?
Ans. Toto cunningly tested the temperature with his hand then gradually stepped into the bath. He stepped first one foot, then the other, until he was into the water up to his neck. He rubbed himself all over with the soap. He learnt it all from the author. Another day Toto got into a large kitchen kettle which was on fire to boil. He enjoyed the warm water but when the water turned out to be hot he jumped up and down. Luckily, the grandmother arrived in time and pulled him out in half-boiled condition.
Q34. Why was it decided to keep Toto’s presence a secret?
Ans. Grandmother usually quarrelled with Grandfather on the issue of a pet. Whenever Grandfather brought some new bird or animal, Grandmother got furious at the very mention of any new creature. To avoid this situation it was decided to keep Toto’s presence a secret until she was in a good mood.
Q35. Why does the author say, “Toth was not the sort of pet we could keep for long”?
Ans. Author’s statement about Toto proves itself if we take Toto’s misdeeds into consideration. Nobody could afford frequent losses. He disturbed all other animals too. Obviously, Toto was not the sort of pet we could keep for long.
Q36. Where was Toto transferred to after he wrenched the peg in the wall?
Ans. Toto was transferred to a big cage. This cage was kept in the servant’s quarters and a number of Grandfather’s pets live in a friendly manner here. But Toto did not allow any of his companions to sleep at night.
Q37. How did Toto behave with Nana, the donkey?
Ans. No doubt, Toto was mischievous. He kept creating problems not only for animals but for the members of the family also. The night Toto passed with Nana was full of disturbance. When Grandfather visited the stable he found Toto fastened on to Nana’s long ears with his sharp little teeth. They could never become friends.
Q38. Why did grandfather buy Toto?
Ans. Toto seemed out of place with the tongo-driver. He looked pretty also. Grandfather wanted to include him in his pets. So, he decided to buy him.
Q39. How is the tail useful for the monkey as in the case of Toto?
Ans. It works like a third hand for the monkey. He can hang on to the branches of trees with its help. Moreover, with it, he can reach up to a thing which is out of his hand’s reach.
Q40. Why was the narrator’s grandfather attracted to Toto?
Ans. The narrator’s grandfather was very fond of pets. Toto was a pretty monkey. He had small shining eyes and they were full of mischief. His teeth were no less than pearls. Although he was tied to a feeding trough, his fingers were quick. His appearance very much attracted the narrator’s grandfather.
Q41. What happened when Toto tried to escape?
Ans. Toto was kept in a canvas kit-bag. The canvas was too strong for him to bite. Toto wanted to escape. While making efforts to get out, he occasionally rolled about or jumped into the air. As he was inside the bag, the onlookers could not see him. In this way, the onlookers on the Dehradun platform got attracted.
Q42. Why does grandfather take Toto to Saharanpur and how? Why does the ticket collector insist on calling Toto a dog?
Ans. Toto was a mischievous monkey. He kept disturbing all other animals in grandfather’s private zoo. It seemed that only grandfather could manage him properly. So, he took Toto to Saharanpur in a bag. The ticket collector called Toto a dog as the monkey did not qualify the category of human beings.
Q43. Why did the onlookers get attracted to Toto on the Dehradun railway platform?
Ans. Toto was kept in a canvas kit-bag. The canvas was too strong for him to bite. Toto wanted to get free. While making efforts to get out, he occasionally rolled about or jumped into the air. As he was inside the bag, the onlookers could not see him. In this way, the onlookers on the Dehradun platform got attracted.
Q44. Who was Nana? ‘Why did he never become Tote’s friend?
Ans. The narrator’s grandfather had a private zoo. Nana was a donkey when Toto was finally accepted my grandmother, he was transferred to the stable. Here Nana was also living. Toto was a big problem for Nana in the stable. Therefore, he never became Toto’s friend.
Q45. How did the narrator’s grandmother get rid of Toto?
Ans. Toto was fully devoted to mischiefs. He did whatever he liked. It was impossible for the family to afford the frequent loss caused by Toto. So Grandfather sold him back to the tonga-driver for only three rupees.
Q46. How does Toto come to grandfather’s private zoo? (NCERT)
Ans. Grandfather loved animals. One day he saw this attractive monkey with a tonga-driver. The monkey was tied to a feeding-trough and seemed out of place there. Grandfather had a great liking for animals. So he decided to buy Toto from the tonga-driver and bought it for five rupees.
47. How did Toto get along with other animals?
Ans. Toto was kept in a big cage along with other animals. He did not allow any of his companions to sleep at night. He also did not get along well with the family donkey, Nana.
48. What did Toto do with the dish of pullao ?
Ans. One day a large dish of pullao was kept in the centre of the dining table. Toto started stuffing himself with rice. He ran away with the dish when Grandfather arrived there. Grandmother screamed at him. He threw the plate at her. It broke into many pieces.
49. Why was Toto sold back to the tonga-driver?
Ans. The writer’s family was not well-to-do. They could not afford the loss of dishes, clothes, curtains and wallpaper. So Toto was sold back to the tonga-driver.
50. Why did Grandfather decide to include the monkey in his private zoo?
Ans. The tonga-driver kept the monkey tied to a feeding trough. The monkey looked out of place there. So Grandfather decided to include him in his private zoo.
51. How did Toto behave when he was put in a closet?
Ans. Toto tore off the wallpaper. He pulled off the peg in the wall from its socket. The writer’s school blazer had been hanging there. He tore it to pieces.
52. Describe how Toto took a bath during winter evenings.
Ans. During winter evenings, Grandmother gave Toto a large bowl of warm water for his bath. Toto very cleverly tested the temperature of the water with his hand. He then gradually stepped into the bath. He would put first foot, then the other until he was into the water up to the neck. He then took the soap in his hands or feet. He rubbed himself all over with it. When the water became cold, he got out. Then he ran as quickly as he could to the kitchen-fire. He dried himself there. Toto had seen the writer taking bath. Thus he had learnt to copy him accordingly.
53. How did Toto nearly boil himself alive?
Ans. One day a large kitchen kettle had been left on the fire. It had water to boil for tea. Toto had nothing to do. He removed the lid. He found the water just warm enough for a bath. So he got inside. His head was sticking out from the open kettle. For a while, it was fine but soon the water began to boil. Toto raised himself a little. But it was cold outside. So he sat down again. He continued to hop up and down for some time. Then Grandmother arrived. She pulled him out of the kettle. Toto was nearly half-boiled.
Q.54. Describe Toto’s mischief at lunch-time.
Ans. One day, at lunch-time,, a large dish of pullao was left in the centre of the dining table. The writer. and the members of his family entered the roontiThey found Toto stuffing himself with rice. Grandmother started screaming. Toto threw a plate at her. One of the writer’s aunts rushed forward. Toto threw a glass of water in her face. When Grandfather arrived, Toto picked up the dish of pullao and went out through a window. He stayed in the branches of the jackfruit tree all afternoon. The dish was still in his arms. He ate slowly all the grains of rice in the dish. Then he threw the dish down from the tree. When the dish broke into pieces, he chattered with delight.